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  • Hello my Socratica Friends!

  • Were here to help you be a GREAT student.

  • Have you ever had to remember something that’s REALLY HARD to remember?

  • It happens to me all the time.

  • That’s when I use a mnemonic device - also known as a memory aid.

  • Mnemonic comes from the Greek word formemoryorremembrance,” and mnemonic devices

  • were championed by the ancient Greek and Roman scholars.

  • They recognized that there are some things we remember naturally - I don’t have to

  • think hard to remember my name or what happened in my favourite movie.

  • But I do need to work at remembering the order of the US Presidents or the names of all the

  • bones in the human body.

  • For that kind of memory, it helps to use a mnemonic device - an additional layer of meaning

  • you put on top that’s easier to remember.

  • The favourite mnemonic system of the Greeks and Romans was called themethod of loci

  • or themind palacetechnique.

  • This involves picturing a house you know with many rooms, or a familiar street with various

  • buildings on it.

  • As you travel through the house (or down the street), you associate the things you need

  • to remember with each place.

  • As an example, well use the Mind Palace to remember the first 10 Presidents of the

  • United States.

  • Let’s first imagine a normal trip through our house, and

  • number some stops along the way.

  • As soon as I get home, I want a snack, so my first stop is the refrigerator.

  • I’ll grab a piece of fruit and go 2) to the sink to wash it.

  • 3) I’ll go to the cupboard to get a plate for my fruit.

  • Next I’ll go to the living room and 4) sit on the sofa to eat my snack.

  • Then 5) I’ll practice the piano, and then 6) play some video games.

  • Then I’ll go upstairs to the bathroom to 7) brush my teeth and 8) take a shower.

  • Then I’ll go to my room to 9) sit at my desk and read and then 10) go to bed.

  • It’s really easy for me to remember this sequence of events,

  • because it makes sense to me.

  • So now let’s add the first 10 presidents.

  • We start in the kitchen.

  • We go first to the refrigerator, where we find George Washington.

  • Take the time to imagine him vividly - the SILLIER the better -

  • that makes it easier to remember.

  • He’s pretty cold in there, but he hands you an apple.

  • Next we go to the sink, but John Adams is in our way.

  • Move over, John Adams, I need to wash my apple!

  • Then we go to the cupboard, and Thomas Jefferson is there, handing us a plate.

  • We move into the living room, where James Madison is sitting on the sofa

  • with his feet up on the table.

  • We look across the room and James Monroe is trying to play the piano,

  • and he’s very bad at it.

  • Meanwhile, John Quincy Adams is playing a video game.

  • We go upstairs to the bathroom, and there’s Andrew Jackson brushing his teeth.

  • And Martin van Buren is singing in the shower!

  • We go down the hall to my room, and find William Harrison is sitting at my desk

  • where I usually study.

  • John Tyler is taking a nap in my bed!

  • OK - Let’s see if that helped.

  • 1 - refrigerator - George Washington.

  • 2 - sink - John Adams.

  • 3 - cupboard - Thomas Jefferson.

  • 4 - sofa - James Madison, with his feet on the table.

  • 5 - piano - James Monroe.

  • 6 - video game - John Quincy Adams.

  • 7 -bathroom sink - Andrew Jackson brushing his teeth

  • 8 - Martin van Buren is in the shower.

  • 9 bedroom - William Harrison is reading at my desk and

  • 10 - John Tyler is sleeping in my bed.

  • People have come up with many other mnemonic devices since the Mind Palace.

  • One of the most popular is to make an acronym out of the first letters of the list of words.

  • Like ROY G BIV - stands for the colours of the rainbow - Red, Orange, Yellow, Green,

  • Blue, Indigo, Violet.

  • Or you can try making a sentence out of the letters.

  • For instance, to remember the planets in our solar system in order of increasing distance

  • from the sun, it’s easy to rememberMy Very Educated Mother Just Served Us Nachos.”

  • Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune.

  • Of course, when I was a kid, we used to sayMy Very Educated Mother Just Served Us

  • Nine Pumpkins.”

  • {beat} Poor Pluto.

  • Sometimes we can use something physical as a mnemonic device.

  • Do you know, off the top of your head, which months have 31 days?

  • I don’t.

  • But I have a physical mnemonic device right here {holds out two fists}.

  • Each knuckle stands for a month with 31 days.

  • The valleys in between each knuckle have 30, except for February, which has 28.

  • January..February..March..April..May..June..July..August..September..October..November..December.

  • You can always have more than one mnemonic for the same information.

  • There’s a little poem I learned about the months:

  • 30 Days Hath September April June and November

  • All the others have 31 Except for February, all alone

  • When it’s Leap Year That’s the time

  • February’s days are twenty-nine.

  • You see, poems and songs can be mnemonics, too.

  • I bet I know the very first mnemonic you learned.

  • ….The ABC song!

  • Admit it, you still sing it to yourself a little when youre alphabetizing.

  • I do!

  • It’s the best mnemonic ever.

  • We’d love to hear about which memory aids youve used.

  • Please share your mnemonics in the comments, so we can all learn them.

  • Keep in mind, a memory trick that works for one person might not work as well

  • for someone else, so if youre having trouble remembering something,

  • don’t give up!

  • Try a different technique.

  • Training your memory is an important part of being a GREAT student.

  • Want to help us make more great videos? Join the Socratica Team on Patreon!

  • Thank you for watching! :)

Hello my Socratica Friends!

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A2 初級

覚える・覚える方法 - 勉強のヒント - 記憶装置 (How to Memorize & Remember - Study Tips - Mnemonic Devices)

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    林宜悉 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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