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  • Hi. Welcome back to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. Today's lesson is, again, phrasal verbs; everybody's

  • favourite lessons. Today, we're going to look at phrasal verbs using the verb "take". Again,

  • a quick review: what is a phrasal verb? A phrasal verb is a verb and a preposition,

  • when put together, giving different meanings. Sometimes one, sometimes two, sometimes more.

  • So, today, we're going to look at "take out", "take in", "take over", "take up",-excuse

  • me-"take after", "take back", "take off", "take on", "take down", "take to".

  • Let's start with "take out". All of you, of course, know takeout food. You go to McDonald's,

  • they ask you if you want to eat in or take out. So, take out means to take your food

  • to go. That's one meaning. Another meaning of "take out" is the literal meaning; exactly

  • what the words mean. For example, you have a turkey in the oven. It is finished cooking.

  • You take it out of the oven. Then, there is also the slang. If you want to take someone

  • out, you kill them. You see this in kind of the mob movies. They want to take someone

  • out; they want to assassinate. Assassinate.

  • I'll have to... Yeah, I'll leave that for now. Okay.

  • "Take in". What does "take in" mean? A few meanings as well. The first is the most common

  • one. If your clothes are too big, if you've lost some weight, you might want to take in

  • your shirt, or your dress, or your pants. You take it to a tailor, and he or she will

  • take it in; make it smaller, tighter. Another meaning of "take in", for example, if you

  • go outside your house and you see a cat, and the cat is sitting there: "Meow, meow", you

  • know, it's all sad and lonely. You take it in. It doesn't mean you take it into your

  • house. It, of course, means that. But more, it means like adopt. You take it into your

  • house, you give it a home, it's part of the family. So, you accept, you take in, you adopt

  • something or someone.

  • "Take over". "Take over" means assume control of something. So, for example, if I own a

  • big company and you own a slightly smaller company, but you're my competition, one way

  • I can beat you is I can take over your company. I can buy a lot of shares in your company,

  • and I take over. I take control. If we're going on a long road trip, and I'm driving

  • and I'm getting tired, I say: "Oh, can you take over the driving?" Means we switch, and

  • you continue driving.

  • "Take up". If you take up space, for example, it means you use. You use space. You take

  • up space in a room. Another way to say "take up" is you start to do something new, like

  • a new hobby, or you start learning something new. So, recently, I took up Spanish. It means

  • I started going to Spanish classes, and I started to learn Spanish. Now, if you add

  • "with", you can take something up with someone. It means you can discuss. So, if you have

  • a problem in your class and you're falling behind, and you're not doing so well, take

  • this problem up with your teacher. It means go to your teacher and discuss the situation.

  • See how you can fix it. Okay.

  • "After". If you take after someone, means you behave like them. It's very similar to

  • look like, except it's not about physical features; it's about personality. So, if you

  • take after someone, you are similar to someone in terms of character or behaviour. So, for

  • example, I take after my mother. My sister takes after my father. My father was a very

  • hot-tempered man. My sister's a very hot-tempered woman, so she takes after him.

  • "Take back". Again, two meanings. There's the literal meaning, so I lend you my pen.

  • You use it. You finished. I take it back. You give it back to me, it returns to me;

  • I take it back. Now, if I said something really mean to you or something not nice, or I made

  • a promise and then I take it back, it means I cancel what I said. So, if I said something

  • that made you upset and I take it back, it means I apologize. I take back the bad words

  • and everything's okay, hopefully. If I made a promise then take it back, it means I'm

  • not going to do this promise anymore. Okay? So you have to be a little bit careful about

  • take backs.

  • "Take off". I think most of you know the airplane takes off. It goes down the runway, then "whew,"

  • takes off. But "take off" can also mean to be very successful or very quickly to do well.

  • So, a business starts and, you know, the owners are doing what they can, but suddenly the

  • business just takes off. It becomes very popular, very successful, making lots of money, hopefully, again.

  • "Take on". If you take something on, means you're facing the challenge. Okay? So I don't

  • know how to do something, but I will take it on. I will try to do it. I will challenge it.

  • Now, you can also take someone on, means confront. So, this guy has been bullying me

  • for a long time, and I'm fed up. I don't want to do... I can't take it anymore. I will take

  • him on. I will challenge him to a fight, and I will stand and win.

  • "Take down". But if I take him on, but he's actually much bigger than me, he might take

  • me down. It means "phoo", take me down to the ground and I'm beaten. Okay? So that's

  • one meaning of "take down" is to beat someone up, basically, or to knock someone down. Another

  • meaning is to write notes. So in your class, the lecturer, the professor is speaking, speaking

  • speaking. You don't have time to read the book as he's speaking, so the best thing you

  • can do is just take down notes. Take down the most important information. Write. Write

  • it in your book.

  • "Take to", a few meanings as well. If you take to someone, means you have a sort of

  • connection with that person; you like that person, you have a feeling that you want to

  • help this person or you want to be around this person. If you take something to someone

  • or somewhere, then you are just carrying it. So I'm going to take this pen to the other

  • room. Okay? In the other room is one of my favourite students. I really took to her or

  • him, or whatever the case may be. So "take to".

  • And, a little bonus - I've got an idiom. So, this time we're looking at "take under". But

  • "take under" by itself doesn't really mean anything. In the idiom: "to take someone under

  • your wing", means basically to take someone as an apprentice or as a protégé. This

  • is an excellent word. "Protégé" is like a student, but not really a student. You're

  • teaching him how to do something specific. You're not teaching him or her in a class.

  • You're showing him or her, in the real world, how to do something. So you take this person

  • under your wing, means you protect them, you teach them, and hopefully one day they fly;

  • they take off on their own.

  • Okay. I'm going to put an extra "s" here because I'm pretty sure it's two "s'", but we'll check

  • that after.

  • Anyway, if you want to practice these phrasal verbs, go to www.engvid.com. There's quiz

  • there. You can try that out. Of course, if you have any questions, ask away in the forum.

  • Don't forget to subscribe to my YouTube channel. And come back again soon. Bye.

Hi. Welcome back to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. Today's lesson is, again, phrasal verbs; everybody's

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A2 初級

takeを伴う句動詞:「take to」「take in」「take after」... (Phrasal Verbs with TAKE: "take to", "take in", "take after"...)

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    Sam に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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