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Today, "business model" and "strategy"
are among the most sloppily used terms in business,
but these are separate concepts with enormous practical value.
And when it comes to concepts so fundamental to success,
no organization can afford fuzzy thinking.
The term "business model" emerged when personal computers
and spreadsheets became common, says
Joan Magretta, a longtime editor at Harvard Business Review.
Managers could use these tools to literally "run
the numbers" to see models of how various decisions might affect
the bottom line.
A new business model might hinge on either a different way
to make something or a different way to sell something.
Take discount retailers like Kmart and Walmart, for example.
These pioneers applied "supermarket logic"
to the conventional department store
and developed a discount retail model
which involves slashing costs by eliminating chandeliers,
carpets, and personal service in exchange for lower prices.
While business model is a description
of how your business runs, a competitive strategy
explains how you will do better than your rivals.
So for example, part of Walmart's unique strategy
was to prioritize rural customers.
In founder Sam Walton's own words,
he "put good sized stores into little one-horse towns"
which everybody else was ignoring," and it worked.
Focusing on rural areas let Walmart buy up land for cheap,
target customers no one else was going after,
and preempt other discount stores from entering
the market in those areas.
Their customer strategy thus reinforced other parts
of their competitive strategy.
In contrast, Kmart tried to appeal to everyone,
and that's not a distinctive strategy.
So while they may have a good business model,
without a clear strategy they've struggled to stay competitive.
So to get ahead of your rivals, you not only
need a good business model and a clear strategy,
you also need a clear understanding of the difference
between the two.
コツ:単語をクリックしてすぐ意味を調べられます!

読み込み中…

The Explainer: What is a Business Model?

125 タグ追加 保存
jbsatvtac1 2019 年 8 月 16 日 に公開
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