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  • By 1973,

  • Harvey Milk had already been many things:

  • naval officer, high school teacher,

  • bit-part actor, and wandering hippie.

  • But as he embarked on yet another life running a camera shop in San Francisco,

  • he already found himself distracted.

  • From the Watergate hearings on national news,

  • to the teacher who had to rent a projector when her school couldn't afford one,

  • Harvey saw a desperate need for political reform.

  • Milk strongly believed that tight knit neighborhoods

  • were essential to the fabric of the city,

  • and that government should solve those community's most practical problems.

  • From fixing potholes and putting up stop signs,

  • to promoting a friendly culture of cooperation,

  • Milk envisioned a more personal approach to local government.

  • This philosophy led him to run for the city's Board of Supervisors

  • as the representative for his own district,

  • which included the heart of American gay culture,

  • the Castro.

  • At this time, police brutality, discrimination and media stereotyping

  • plagued the LGBT community,

  • labeling Harvey and his supporters as political outsiders.

  • But Milk refused to downplay his sexuality.

  • He was sure that gay rights could never be won from the closet,

  • and he saw the Castro

  • as one of many minorities without representation in city politics.

  • Milk was determined to bring these basic government services

  • to all of San Francisco's disenfranchised groups,

  • regardless of race, age, or sexuality.

  • But despite his flair for public speaking

  • and open-hearted approach,

  • voters couldn't see Milk's radical vision.

  • In 1973, he lost his first bid for the Board of Supervisors.

  • In 1975, he lost again.

  • A year later, he ran for the California Assemblyand lost.

  • Yet he tirelessly continued to support his district,

  • befriending bartenders, construction unions, and local Chinese grocers.

  • This earned him the affectionate title, the "mayor of Castro Street.”

  • And when he ran his third campaign for the Board of Supervisors in 1977,

  • Harvey finally won the seat

  • becoming one of the first openly gay public officials in US history.

  • Elated, Milk arrived in office determined to make lasting change.

  • He immediately introduced a bill outlawing discrimination on the grounds of sexuality

  • and launched a major clean-up of the city.

  • But not everyone was happy with this direction.

  • Anti-gay sentiment was gaining national momentum,

  • especially in the form of California's Proposition 6.

  • The proposition, which sought to make it illegal

  • for homosexuals to work in Californian schools,

  • would prove to be the biggest battle of Milk's career.

  • Supporters of Prop 6 attacked the LGBT community,

  • calling them unfit to work with students.

  • But Milk urged them not to hide in fear:

  • Come out to your relatives.

  • Come out to your friends, if indeed they are your friends.

  • Come out to your neighbors, to your fellow workers

  • break down the myths.

  • Destroy the lies and distortions.

  • For your sake. For their sake.”

  • Alongside other activists,

  • he ran an incandescent campaign against hate.

  • On November 7, 1978,

  • Prop 6 was defeated in a landslide.

  • It was proof that Milk's message was gaining traction.

  • But just twenty days after this inspiring victory,

  • he was assassinated at City Hall

  • killed alongside San Francisco Mayor George Moscone.

  • Both men had been murdered by Dan White,

  • a former fellow supervisor,

  • who had positioned himself against those he called "radicals, social deviates

  • and incorrigibles.”

  • He had frequently clashed with Harvey at Board meetings,

  • and resented the spirit of change which Milk personified for many.

  • The night of Milk's murder,

  • thousands marched by candlelight through the city.

  • In the wake of this tragedy,

  • yet another injustice arose.

  • In a highly controversial verdict,

  • White received a sentence of only seven years and eight months

  • a decision that sparked uproar throughout the city

  • in what became known as the White Night Riots.

  • But even after his death,

  • Milk continued to preach his hopeful cause.

  • He left his friends and followers a total of three different tapes

  • to be played in the event of his assassination.

  • They leave us with a call to action,

  • and a reminder that everyone is welcome in the fight against injustice:

  • "I ask for the movement to continue

  • and if a bullet should enter my brain,

  • let that bullet destroy every closet door…”

By 1973,

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ハーヴェイ・ミルクの平等への急進的なビジョン - リリアン・ファダーマン (Harvey Milk's radical vision of equality - Lillian Faderman)

  • 179 7
    shuting1215 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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