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  • For centuries, this is what school for most kids looked like

  • But in 2020 all that changed

  • The covid-19 pandemic...

  • ...created the largest disruption to education in modern history

  • As teachers scrambled to get their classes online...

  • ...and parents developed a new-found respect for their kids' teachers

  • No that's not a “T”!

  • That's an “X”

  • No this is an “X”!

  • But out of the disruption has come a realisation...

  • ...of technology's potential

  • ...to transform one of the most important sectors...

  • ...for the future of the world

  • Summer camp has long been a tradition for American kids

  • Wholesome weeks away in nature...

  • ...to focus on sports or science...

  • ...or even space

  • This summer though...

  • ...there's a new camp

  • The covid catch-up camp...

  • ...for students like these

  • When the pandemic hit, their classes switched to online

  • ...which wasn't easy

  • My pandemic school year was chaotic

  • I could just like kind of do whatever I wanted because, like...

  • ...the teachers couldn't see me

  • So, like, I'll be eating in class, sometimes falling asleep

  • You know I have to share, like, the living room with my sister...

  • ...and her class was extra loud

  • I did not like Zoom

  • Some schools in San Francisco were closed for in-person learning...

  • ...for more than a year

  • And so the city decided to lay on extra summer classes...

  • ...for all public-school children

  • Our children, particularly our very poor and low-income families...

  • ...all had a very difficult time with distance learning...

  • ...not because they didn't have the technology or the equipment...

  • ...but because they didn't have the support to stay engaged in distance learning...

  • ...nor the structure at home to provide that support for them

  • And so as a result we very quickly came together...

  • ...and created the Summer Together initiative

  • Last year was a year of loss...

  • ...and this summer we were determined for this summer to be a year of recovery

  • By mid-April 2020...

  • ...1.4bn students were out of school and university across 190 countries

  • By the start of 2021 schools had been wholly or partly closed...

  • ...for about two-thirds of an academic year

  • While office workers transitioned to remote working fairly easily...

  • ...it was a different story in schools

  • Tamara Gilkes Borr is The Economist's US policy correspondent...

  • ...but she used to be a teacher

  • When I heard that schools were shutting down with maybe a day of notice...

  • ...I just couldn't even imagine how I would have picked up the pieces so quickly...

  • ...and continue to teach my students

  • We barely had enough working computers when I was a teacher

  • While new technologies transformed working life in many sectors...

  • ...education has been notoriously slow to digitise

  • Classrooms today looked the same as they did decades ago

  • Even though parents often say that they want an innovative...

  • ...new type of education for their children...

  • ...when they walk into the classroom...

  • ...they often want to see the things that they saw when they were children

  • So there's often pushback against a new kind of education

  • And there was pushback from teachers too

  • Many of whom were sceptical about technology...

  • ...that didn't centre on face-to-face learning

  • In general, education doesn't change much...

  • ...because there's a high cost to being wrong

  • Why change something up when the alternative could be so much worse?

  • But the pandemic sparked a techceleration in education...

  • ...as schools rushed online

  • 2.4m learners in America were given emergency internet access

  • The British government handed out more than 1m devices to students

  • Some schools even put Wi-Fi boosters on buses and drove them around towns

  • As demand rocketed, the edtech sector responded...

  • ...designing apps and software to aid teachers rather than replace them

  • Once teachers had to suddenly become virtual...

  • ...there was an appetite to get better technology in the classroom

  • And then edtech had an opportunity not only to serve those customers...

  • ...but then they were able to get even better user data...

  • ...and improve their products for a unique subset...

  • ...which is teachers in the classroom

  • The amount of money spent on edtech globally is expected to double

  • ...from almost $200bn in 2019 to more than $400bn in 2025

  • Okay, so today we are going to be focusing on maths...

  • These students are getting a personalised-learning experience

  • ...thanks to an app on their laptops

  • The software is called Century

  • It was created by Priya Lakhani, a former barrister turned tech entrepreneur

  • So Century is a blend of artificial intelligence and machine-learning technology...

  • ...with neuroscience and learning science

  • The idea is that it can personalise and differentiate for every student...

  • ...no matter what age, what course, what language

  • And it can then use big data analytics...

  • ...and provide educators with instant insights, deep intervention insights...

  • ...as to what they need to do at the point of time...

  • ...to help to increase a student's outcome

  • On a teacher dashboard, it will allow us to see the children...

  • ...where they're at, how many nuggets they've completed...

  • ...and their average score

  • Once we've done that, we can then go into it a bit deeper...

  • ...and find out what the nugget is they're doing...

  • ...how they've done on it, what questions they've got right...

  • ...where they're struggling at, if they've skipped any questions

  • So we can really analyse that data

  • Priya created Century as a way of addressing the problems she saw...

  • ...in the education sector

  • We were still delivering a very one-size-fits all education

  • Every child deserves a personalised, differentiated experience...

  • ...but that's really, really difficult, nearly impossible...

  • ...to provide in every educational setting

  • The second issue was that teachers spent more than half of their time...

  • ...60% of their time micro-marking, micro-assessing...

  • ...trying to do the admin that was related to the children...

  • ...and not actually spending most of the time teaching

  • Before, we would have to spend hours and hours...

  • ...marking. We don't have to do that now

  • It shows us the data and we can see whether it's green, amber, red...

  • ...we can see where the children are working at...

  • ...and we can then pick up on those points to help the children

  • With children in Britain already spending on average...

  • ...almost four hours a day online

  • ...some may worry about increased use of technology in the classroom

  • ...but Laurie Davis reckons it's crucial

  • Although all children have a laptop, we are not on it all day everyday

  • We manage what we are doing and we implement it into our learning...

  • ...in a blended-learning approach

  • At the end of day, every job out there now is using some sort of computer

  • So we need to lay those foundations...

  • And if that is how AI develops to give those children a better future...

  • ...then I'm excited about that journey

  • Tech is also being used in an attempt to revolutionise how teachers teach

  • So today, you are going to be talking with a group of five students...

  • These trainees at the University of Virginia are practising their lessons...

  • ...not on children...

  • ...but on avatars

  • When you're a teacher, the first time is really high stakes

  • You're working with real kids and you don't often get a second chance...

  • ...to explain a complicated maths concept

  • And so what these simulations help us do...

  • ...is give our beginning teachers the chance to actually practise that...

  • ...and then do it again once they've gotten feedback

  • I saw you use a lot of talk moves, in probing the students' thinking...

  • ...and this is a pretty advanced kind of discussion skill

  • The software is designed by tech company Mursion

  • Behind the scenes a digital puppetmaster plays the role of the children

  • That's a good question...

  • ...Um, you know what, I'm going to say Fruit Loops...

  • ...I'd eat Fruit Loops everyday

  • But the developers of the software hope that in future...

  • ...the avatars can be programmed to think for themselves

  • The pandemic has also raised questions...

  • ...about whether children need to be taught in a classroom at all

  • For twins, Julia and Colin MeCey...

  • ...technology has helped give them an altogether different learning experience

  • They attend a virtual public school...

  • Are you taking British and world literature?

  • ...which provides them with the equipment they need to learn remotely

  • So I'm taking a fine arts course, so in my box I have...

  • ...clay and some paintbrushes and then some acrylic coloured paint

  • Julia moved to full-time remote-learning during the pandemic...

  • ...but Colin was a trailblazer, switching to e-education in 2019

  • The environment of a one-on-one in comparison to one-on-30...

  • ...is just a lot nicer

  • I have a lot more contact with my teachers and...

  • ...the classes that are offered is just so much more...

  • ...than what is offered at normal public school...

  • ...like computer science for example

  • I've been able to take more classes that interest me

  • I think my grades have been better...

  • ...so I probably will have a better chance of getting into my dream colleges

  • A recent survey found that nearly a third of American parents...

  • ...say it's likely their child will continue with remote-learning indefinitely

  • It's unclear to what extent fear of covid has influenced this decision

  • But roughly 20% of districts in America...

  • ...are planning to offer some form of virtual learning even after the pandemic

  • We can all agree that most students do better when they're in the classroom...

  • ...but for some students, having to do school remotely was a positive

  • Some students have anxiety issues...

  • ...and it was easier to work from home, for example

  • For Dad, Mike, the technology also allows him to keep better tabs...

  • ...on his kids' progress

  • Then you actually start on Wednesday normal classes?

  • During the pandemic...

  • ...many teachers told me that this is the first time...

  • ...they've seen so much parent engagement

  • And a lot of that is because parents are home listening to the lessons...

  • ...but also because they are engaging technology...

  • ...that makes it easier for parents to be up to speed

  • Not all students can afford the space and internet connection...

  • ...needed to study online...

  • ...which means increased use of remote-learning...

  • ...risks widening the digital divide

  • Ultimately the barrier to success for all edtech...

  • ...not just e-education, is financial

  • For edtech to be successful...

  • ...there needs to be investment in the schools that currently are under-resourced

  • There needs to be a push to make sure that these schools...

  • ...have the proper internet access, the facilities...

  • ...and everything else they need to be able to properly function with edtech

  • If that doesn't happen, then we will see...

  • ...inequities develop in the classroom and across schools...

  • The technology that education deserves...

  • ...should be technology that is as advanced, if not more advanced...

  • ...than the technology that is applied to the banking sector

  • And if you want that sort of technology in the education sector...

  • ...then you're going to have to create a model that investors have an appetite for

  • The pandemic has made clear the vital role played by teachers

  • For many students the best place to learn is in the classroom

  • But technology can and will play a vital role in aiding education

  • Teachers are seeing the benefit of being able to have a hybrid classroom

  • And most importantly, they're seeing the skills their students are gaining...

  • ...that they wouldn't have had otherwise...

  • ...and these are skills that I think we all agree these students will need for the future

  • If you are interested in learning more about covid and education...

  • ...click on the link

  • Thank you for watching. And please don't forget to subscribe

For centuries, this is what school for most kids looked like

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Covid-19: how tech will transform your kids' education | The Economist

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    joey joey に公開 2021 年 09 月 18 日
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