字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント The Universal Product Code—or UPC. More commonly known as the bar code, it's the most pervasive inventory tracking tool on the planet. And 2020 marks 50 years since IBM upended the retail industry by beginning its work on the UPC. The UPC allowed for systematized inventory management, facilitating the digital tracking of goods for the first time. "The Universal Product Code and symbol offer the opportunity for the economies and controls that are the keys to profitable growth. The reward: a significant effect on supermarket store operations and merchandising." It drove down costs and increased speed and accuracy of purchasing goods, inventory of goods and shipping of goods. Sounds a lot like the benefits of a modern supply chain. And yet, without the UPC, there would be no supply chain as we know it. Today, the UPC still plays a vital role in supply chain management. But now IBM is using new technologies— AI and blockchain— underpinned by hybrid cloud technologies to support companies as they navigate the complexities of today's supply chain. And the need to modernize supply chains has reached an apex this year. In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, 93 percent of organizations are facing changing requirements associated with demand volatility and limited visibility into supply chain data. IBM believes a modernized supply chain should not just react to shocks like the pandemic. It should also anticipate and minimize future disruptions. That's because future disruptions in global supply chains, both big and small, are going to happen. Enter IBM's work to further transform today's supply chains: The Continuous Intelligent Planning tool—or CIP. So what is CIP? Artificial intelligence now powers supply chain capabilities and enables both continuous and collaborative planning. With CIP and the hybrid cloud, a company is guided by dynamic data to see where products are— in real time and in full view— anywhere in the world. Managing data in a hybrid cloud-based environment enables enterprises to closely track their products throughout its lifecycle and to make quick decisions and communicate effectively if necessary. For example, to reroute a misdirected shipment. But the amount of data can be overwhelming. And unstructured. Unstructured data is essentially data that is not actively managed in a database. Think weather data, sensor data, invoices, emails, transactions— the list goes on. AI converts this unstructured real time data into actionable insights to improve workflow, improve collaboration and reduce waste— helping companies predict and respond to potential disruptions. Breaking it down, CIP offers: A Supply Chain Control Tower— a connected, personalized dashboard of data, business metrics and events. An organization can use this to understand, prioritize and resolve critical issues. Predictive Forecasting and Demand Sensing with AI Powered by AI and machine learning, this combines analytics and consumer sentiment data to deliver powerful forecasting models to companies. Intelligent Workflows with Touchless Planning AI capabilities can automate routine tasks and decisions across forecasting and demand sensing, freeing up valuable brainpower for other tasks. Collaboration Rooms Collaboration rooms eliminate information silos and enable continuous collaboration through shared platforms. Continuous Intelligent Planning is vital to building a modern and resilient supply chain, enabling organizations to move from merely reacting to supply chain challenges, to proactively planning for the future. And to think— this all started with the bar code.