字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント six minutes from BBC learning english dot com. Hello, Welcome to six minute grammar with me. Rob Me, Emma In today's program, we're talking about the past. Simple on the past. Continuous tenses. Yes, we'll lick it when we use each tense, we'll show you how to form the positive negative and question forms of each one on Dhe, as usual, will finish with a quiz them first. Here's a quick reminder off the past. Simple. Hello, Finn. Hello, Rob. Could you give us an example, please? Yes. Last night I saw the film Titanic. Oh, Titanic. What a movie. Finn saw it last night. So we use the past simple for completed actions in the past and we have the past simple of the verb See, which is the irregular form Saw Onda. As we know, you just have to learn the irregular verbs. But the good news is that lots of herbs are regular on dhe to make them into the past. Simple. You just at e on d d to the infinitive like this. Hundreds of passengers jumped into the sea jump jumped simple to make past simple negatives, we add, didn't to the infinitive like this Sandra Bullock didn't win an Oscar for gravity. Now let's look at past simple questions. Emma, did you see the news last night? Yes, I did so for the question. It's did, plus the subject. Plus the infinitive on the short answers are Yes, plus subject. Plus Did yes, I did or No plus subject. Plus, didn't know I didn't. So that's the past. Simple for completed actions in the past. Now, to talk about past activities, we can use the past continuous. Here's an example. I was watching a movie on TV. It was raining. We were feeling very bored. Now we can use the past continuous to talk about an activity that was already happening when something else happened. Like this. Dad was cooking dinner when the police arrived. The Children were watching TV. When the officers came into the living room. All the police very dramatic. Yes. Think about one activity interrupting the other. The activity that was already happening is in the past continuous. Dad was cooking dinner, and the activity that interrupted it is in the past simple. The police arrived, so you can put the past simple and continuous together to talk about activities and actions that happened one on top of another. Remember those examples? Everyone. I'm going to test you later, Okay? To make the past continuous, it's waas or were plus an I N g verb. Dad was cooking dinner. The Children were watching TV Now to make the negative past continuous, you just put, wasn't or weren't in front of the I N g verb like this. The baby wasn't sleeping, the Children weren't playing. Games wasn't sleeping on, weren't playing, wasn't and weren't are short forms of was not on Dhe were not now for past continuous questions. It WAAS or were with the subject plus and I n g verb. And I'm going to demonstrate this by testing new on the examples we had before Rob was Mom cooking dinner? No, she wasn't. Dad was cooking dinner. That's correct. Well done. Where the Children playing games? No, they weren't correct. Well done again. For past continuous short answers, it's yes plus subject, plus Waas or no plus subject. Plus wasn't to BBC learning english dot com. Right time for a quiz. I'm going to say a sentence, and you have to choose the right verb form to go in the gap. Ready? Okay, Number one when the phone rang. We a film. Is it a watched or be were watching? When the phone rang, we filled. It's be when the phone rang. We were watching a film. Goods number two. Cate Blanchett on Oscar for best actress is it I was winning or be one. Cate Blanchett's on Oscar for best actress It's B. Cate Blanchett won an Oscar for best actress, and he is the final question ready when the police dad was cooking dinner. Is it a arrived? Be We're arriving. When the police dad was cooking dinner when the police arrived, That was cooking dinner, huh? Good old dad still cooking that dinner? What a hero!