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  • But little bit related to what I'm going to talk today,

  • even when you do the translation, you need to

  • see the subject matter which you are going to translate.

  • In many ways, for example, first

  • if you're going to translate the book you need to read carefully

  • the title of the book and the contents and index

  • of the book before reading anything and get some idea what

  • may be there in the rest of the book

  • and then if it is not so clear, you will develop a curiosty

  • which will help you go much more, you know,

  • smoothly when you actually read the different chapters.

  • It's really like if you want to see

  • the panoramic view of this beautiful land,

  • one way of seeing it is, seeing from the top of the mountain

  • or from the aeroplane, which I did,

  • then you are able to get a very panoramic like view,

  • but that panoramic view is very beautiful,

  • but if you

  • want to know the details that would not work.

  • You have to get down, go to specific places,

  • houses, ask questions and know all the details. So a translator first has to

  • have an idea about this,

  • how, what this whole book is about, what this whole chapter is about.

  • then you need to know about the specific chapters,

  • the specific, you know, paragraphs and so forth.

  • So that is more or less the art of translation and the beauty of doing

  • translation is that you are able to

  • go into the minds, some so many great thinkers

  • and you try to express those

  • beautiful thoughts in a different language

  • where people will also be able to understand those talks

  • exactly what that author

  • talked about and you are not supposed to be in between.

  • You should go away, you know, you do the job and go away from the scene.

  • And that is not easy, that is not easy because many translators, interpreters

  • they get in between and then, you know, put their thoughts in between

  • so that is doing a little bit of damage,

  • so therefore, the system, one has to be careful.

  • So similarly in life we need to have a panoramic view,

  • a view about the whole universe, the whole world

  • the whole cosmos and then it is not enough that you talk about

  • universal values, cosmic values and then fight with your neighbours.

  • You also need to be in harmony with your neighbour,

  • the members of your family and so forth, so that is why

  • you know, the process of translation is very much related to the topic that I am

  • going to speak -

  • inner disarmament for external disarmament.

  • I'm speaking on this topic, or trying to speak on this topic, not because

  • I want to do an intellect, you know academic talk

  • or something like that but I'm really sometimes concerned

  • if I think about what is happening in today's world,

  • despite so much material progress and development

  • still the leaders

  • and many people, their bent of mind is how to stop by arms.

  • Each country

  • is making more and more dangerous, complicated, sophisticated wars,

  • you know, weapons, with the thinking and idea if my neighbour does something nasty I

  • will be the one

  • who should destroy everything. Yes,

  • we have now the capacity to destroy everything.

  • We have all heard about biological warfare,

  • chemical warfare, smart bombs, what not.

  • Smart bombs, you throw a bomb, destroy all people,

  • but the building will be intact. Smart bomb, chemical warfare, you know,

  • biological warfare. So mean.

  • That you bring sacks and sacks and throw them into the field of your enemy -

  • unthinkable, you know.

  • We have have such destructive, nasty,

  • mind and we cannot

  • afford to do this continuously if we are

  • in the true sense of the term generally

  • intelligent human beings. We call ourselves

  • intelligent human beings. We will proudly call this

  • age, the age of information. Yes

  • you get lots of information, but

  • think carefully. Much of this information that you get today

  • is junk information,

  • junk mail

  • and in one of the Buddha's teaching he says, 'Don't make your mind

  • a garbage bin.'

  • We cannot afford to do this.

  • One of the Buddhist teachers says 'life is short',

  • there are too many things to do

  • and it is not possible for you to pay attention to everything,

  • it is not possible for you to learn everything and it is also not necessary

  • that you learn everything.

  • You should take those things which are good for you,

  • which are good for you family, which are good for your society,

  • which are good for the whole world.

  • After all, if you think about the meaning of human life -

  • this is a very, very important question to ask

  • before you ask any question. What is the meaning of human life

  • before you explore the stars, the planets.

  • And today we a very good at talking about the stars, the planets, how they

  • function.

  • We have all the details you see, but when there is a tragedy there is a difficulty.

  • We are dumbfounded, we are not able to solve it.

  • We have all the ways and means to keep in touch with

  • external things but we are not in touch with oneself.

  • There are many people who say I have everything but something is missing.

  • I feel something is missing from me. I feel some,

  • you know, emptiness, hollowness inside.

  • This is true because you never keep in touch with your self,

  • because you never replenished your internal resources, you have

  • never strengthened your internal resources.

  • That is why despite having everything,

  • you feel empty, you feel lonely

  • you feel dependent on others all the time.

  • The problem of modern society is that we neither know

  • how to live with others nor we know how to live alone.

  • That is the problem.

  • On almost each and every occasion when I speak to the people

  • I ask a very simple, direct question.

  • 'Do you all want happiness?'

  • I'm asking the same question to you. Do you all want happiness?

  • Everybody says yes, except one

  • or two maybe bit different reasons or maybe extremely clever or whatever.

  • But everybody says yes, we all want happiness.

  • For how many day? I ask the next question.

  • You want happiness but for how many days?

  • They all laugh. They all laugh

  • because

  • as far as the question of getting happiness and peace is concerned

  • it is not a question of experiencing it just for a few months, a few days.

  • At least for this whole life you want that reliable peace and happiness

  • and if you are a believer in the future lives like the Buddhist

  • and other

  • spiritual traditions, then you need to plan in such a way

  • that you have that peace and happiness for many lives to come.

  • You need to have this master plan.

  • Should this wish to have happiness,

  • rather reliable long lasting happiness

  • and the wish not to have any suffering and any problem at all

  • this is something, this is not something that we learn from our religious

  • traditions.

  • This is our inborn art.

  • This is something that we all, no matter from which country you come from,

  • which religion you belong to, man and woman, doesn't really matter, whatever is

  • your affiliation,

  • we are all the same in that. First of all

  • understand this message, this basic reality.

  • Another question that I repeatedly ask people is,

  • After the birth, what is the first job that the child does after the

  • birth?

  • The first job that the child does after the birth is not laughing,

  • crying against him.

  • The first thing that the child does is crying - American child, Tibetan child, Chinese child.

  • Whoever, same, interesting. Isn't that interesting?

  • Crying, believe me that

  • when the child cries I am

  • hundred percent sure that the child is not asking for a lengthy discourse on Buddhism

  • or on any religion.

  • The child is simply asking for mother's milk which means

  • somebody's unconditional love and affection.

  • When I talk about internal disarmament

  • it's the only dimension. We have so many threats,

  • stockpiling of arms, external

  • weapons, arms, nuclear bombs so forth.

  • How can we reduce this stockpiling of arms and do away with them?

  • We can do that only if we become a good human being

  • with unconditional love for others.

  • Understanding that basic reality.

  • This is how we all came into this world

  • and on the day

  • when we leave this world

  • at that time also your main concern is, I am sure, in the case of the majority of the

  • people,

  • your main concern is not money, not wealth,

  • not name, not fame. There is so much in between,

  • we do so much, we

  • in between, but at the time of

  • our death or passing away,

  • or when we are sick, when we are dying,

  • when we are lonely, the one thing that you really,

  • really need is again somebody's genuine love and

  • affection.

  • This being the case, His Holiness the Dalai Lama repeatedly says this being the case,

  • how come you forget these qualities

  • in between when you are able to take care of yourself,

  • when you are a little bit energetic, when you have some money,

  • some friends, and so forth. You should not forget this.

  • Of course related to this,

  • all this sounds good, but he will say oh this is true but you know,

  • if we are without arms then the country on the other side who is nasty, who is addicted,

  • they will do all the things, they will destroy all of us,

  • the good people. You know all these questions will be there, but if we had time we can

  • discuss more about those things.

  • But then all I'm saying is, that is not the solution.

  • Killing each other is not the solution.

  • Tibetan Masters teach their students by saying you don't have to kill people,

  • they will die.

  • So, you can see how intelligent we are.

  • We harass people,

  • we create more suffering on other people as if

  • these people are looking for suffering. They are in need of suffering,

  • so you create suffering.

  • They already have a lot of suffering, a lot of problems

  • so you don't have to create more additional suffering

  • when they are already suffering, when they already have problems.

  • You don't have to kill people because they will die.

  • And then look at this reality. How long are you going to live?

  • and bring this short span of life of your visit on this planet.

  • Which one is good to be constructive,

  • to be kind, to be helpful

  • or to be destructive, negative?

  • As as a result others will suffer, you will suffer

  • and we know this.

  • Someone with the wisdom said that when you came,

  • as I said earlier, when you came into this world,

  • you came crying, other people received you

  • laughing and smiling. Happy birthday or whatever.

  • So therefore you should live your life in such a way that when you leave this

  • world

  • you will leave others crying, you will go smiling and laughing

  • because you did your job. You lived beautifully.

  • And it's in our nature. You know, I had this privilege of,

  • you know, meeting so many people from all over the world, people basically

  • ordinary people. Most of the people their hearts are so kind.

  • On any small occasion or big ocassion when there is really a need

  • it's the ordinary people who come for you. There's no need for

  • you to know each other or introduce each other, you know.

  • And that is beautiful and that is what it should be

  • because at the time of tragedy and difficulty the only thing that will help

  • all of us

  • is to show our love, to show our compassion.

  • And I have seen this many times. I am sure you have seen this many times.

  • For example when you take a flight,

  • the weather is clear, the flight is smooth

  • and everybody pretends that I am also somebody.

  • Yeah, you're also somebody.

  • At the most you'll say hi. Not much.

  • Okay you take your seat, I'll take my seat.

  • Everybody sits dignified, looks well.

  • Now I'm saying this is the situation when the

  • flight is smooth. After some time there is turbulence,

  • or rather big turbulence. Everybody looks at each other and starts smiling.

  • That is the thing when you first experience difficulties,

  • then what helps you in you're strength, your happiness, your

  • harmony is other people's smile.

  • Genuine friendship, not pretension,

  • not arrogance, not pride.

  • I see this reality on so many occassions.

  • Unfortunately people forget all these things when they are slightly

  • better off.

  • They forget all these inner values, spiritual values.

  • I'm not even talking so much about religion, I'm talking about in the

  • religious and spiritual values

  • which are necessary for all of us, believer