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  • Hey guys, I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on IELTS and TOEFL

  • academic vocabulary, with the focus being on verbs. So, on the IELTS and on the TOEFL,

  • vocabulary is, of course, extremely important.

  • It's necessary in the reading section, in the writing sections, obviously in the listening, and it can help you in your speaking as well.

  • So today what I'm going to do is look at 10 verbs that

  • you can find in the back of almost any TOEFL or IELTS preparation book which comes with an academic word list.

  • And at the end, I'll let you know where you can find an academic word list that's a little more

  • comprehensive, that not only has verbs, but nouns and adjectives. The answer is actually quite simple.

  • So, let's begin with five verbs. The first one is: "estimate".

  • So "to estimate" means to predict or guess, not merely guess though,

  • to make an educated guess based on some kind of evidence. So, for example:

  • "Police estimated that 20 people were killed." It's a little dark to say that, but if you read

  • any newspaper article or if you are doing a reading section on a TOEFL or an IELTS,

  • you might read something similar to this. So police estimated; they made a prediction.

  • Okay? The next word is: "identify".

  • "Identify" is just another way to say: "show" or: "to point out", if you want to use a phrasal verb. So:

  • "Scientists have identified numerous species." They have basically shown, discovered, pointed out numerous species.

  • Okay, and just a reminder: all of these are verbs

  • which means you can use them in variety of tenses, all English tenses.

  • The next verb is: "interpret". "To interpret" means to give a personal analysis or a personal opinion on something.

  • So you can interpret a text, you can interpret a film, you can

  • interpret a person's words. The example we have here is:

  • "His poems have been interpreted in many ways." So they have been analyzed, and people have

  • developed their own opinions, many different types of opinions about his poems.

  • So this comes from "interpretation" which I know some of you Latin speakers may be familiar with.

  • The next verb is: "minimise". This is the opposite of: "maximize". When you think of "max",

  • you think of the top. Right? When you think of "to minimise" something, you think

  • to keep it at a low level. So for example: "They attempted to minimise confusion."

  • Whether that's because they created a text and they didn't want people to be confused by the text,

  • so they kept the language at a, you know, manageable level that everyone could understand.

  • And finally: "occur", a very common verb.

  • And you might be wondering: "Well, what does 'occur' mean?" It just means: "happen",

  • it comes from an occurrence. "An occurrence" is an event, something which happens. So:

  • "This strange event occurred in 1994." The strange event happened in 1994.

  • Okay, guys, let's look at the other five verbs that I'm going to look at today.

  • The next verb is: "obtain". Now, "to obtain" means to acquire or to get something.

  • So for example: "Archaeologists obtained the lost artifact."

  • They acquired it, they got it, essentially. The next verb is: "prohibit".

  • This comes from "prohibition" which is the noun form. "To prohibit" is to not allow something or not

  • give permission to do something. So, for example: "Protesters were prohibited from entering."

  • Maybe from entering the building or something like this, so they were not allowed, they

  • were not given permission, they were prohibited. The next is: "pursue".

  • Basically, this is a very common verb which means to chase or to go after.

  • So, for example: police pursue criminals. Or, as we have on the board: "He pursued a career in economics."

  • So you can pursue a career, like chase after it, go after it.

  • Okay, the next verb is: "symbolise". "Symbolise", you might see the word: "symbol" in this.

  • A symbol is a representation of something. So: "to symbolise" is to represent. For example:

  • "In many cultures, the skull" - a human skull - "symbolizes death."

  • It represents death. And finally, we have the verb: "transform"

  • which just means to change into, it comes from "transformation", which is the noun form.

  • So, for example: "Caterpillars transform into butterflies."

  • Okay, so today I have shown you 10 verbs. Now, again,

  • these 10 verbs are but a small, small sample of the total number of verbs

  • you're going to have to know and you're going to have to study to appropriately and adequately prepare for the IELTS or the TOEFL exam.

  • So if you would like a more comprehensive list, you can actually check it out in the resources section of www.engvid.com.

  • And also, keep an eye out for lessons... Similar lessons in the future about IELTS and TOEFL vocabulary related to nouns and to adjectives.

  • For today, if you'd like to test your understanding of the 10 verbs I have taught you, you can always check out the quiz on www.engvid.com.

  • And don't forget to subscribe to my YouTube channel.

  • Thanks guys.

Hey guys, I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on IELTS and TOEFL

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B1 中級

IELTS & TOEFL アカデミック・ボキャブラリー - 動詞 (AWL) (IELTS & TOEFL Academic Vocabulary - Verbs (AWL))

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