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  • In this American English pronunciation video, we're going to over the pronunciation of the


  • ordinal numbers 1-10: first, second, third, and so on.


  • I've made a series of videos on How to pronounce Cardinal numbers: 1, 2, 3. In this video we'll

    枢機卿の数字の発音の仕方についての動画シリーズを作りました。1, 2, 3.このビデオでは

  • go over ordinal numbers.


  • First, first. It begins with the F consonant sound, where the bottom lip will come up and


  • touch here, ff, ff, the bottom of the top front teeth. Then we have the UR vowel. The


  • UR vowel gives some people trouble because they think there needs to be a vowel sound


  • before an R consonant. But think of the UR vowel as the vowel version of the R sound.


  • It's always written in IPA with the R consonant sound coming after it, but it's just one sound,


  • rrr, fir-. The tongue draws up and back for this, right up at the roof of the mouth, either

    rrr、fir-。舌はこのために上へ下へと引き上げるのです 口の中の屋根のすぐ上に、どちらかに

  • touching the roof of the mouth on the sides, or the bottom/insides of the top teeth. So

    横の口の屋根に触れたり 上の歯の下/内側に触れたりしています ということで

  • you want to go straight from the F sound to the R sound: fff-rrr. A good way to test this


  • is to make sure you're not doing a big jaw drop, that's a sign that you're trying to


  • put in a different kind of vowel sound, fir-. Then we end with the ST consonant cluster.


  • So the teeth come together, the tongue tip goes down, sss. A trick here is rather than


  • raising your tongue tip up for the T, you can leave the tip down, then push the part


  • of the tongue just behind the tip to the roof of the mouth, to cut off the air. To release


  • the T, and let the air flow continue, just pull the tongue back down, first, first. Let


  • the teeth part a little bit for the air to release. First.


  • The word 'second' begins with the S consonant sound. Then the EH as in BED vowel, so the

    単語は 'second' のS子音から始まります。その後、BEDの母音のようにEHになるので

  • jaw has to drop a good bit, se-, se-. The next syllable is unstressed, so it will be


  • fast. SEH-knd, -knd, -knd. We have the K consonant sound, and the schwa/N sound, so the N takes


  • over the schwa. You don't need to worry about making it a separate sound, and finally

    スワの上に乗っかっています。 別の音にすることを心配する必要はありません。

  • the D sound. Second, second.


  • Third. This begins with the unvoiced TH sound, so the tongue tip must come just through the


  • teeth. Th, th, third. Then we have the UR vowel / R consonant sounds, just like in the


  • word FIRST. Fiiiiirst, thiiiiiird. So don't let your jaw drop. Then, a light D sound to


  • finish. Third, dd, third.


  • And now we're at the point where they all end in an unvoiced TH --- until we get up


  • to twenty-first. So, fourth begins with the F consonant, just


  • like 'first', where the bottom lip comes up and lightly touches the bottom of the top front


  • teeth, ff. You have two options for the vowel sound, either the AW as in LAW, or the OH

    teeth, ff.母音には2つの選択肢があり、LAWのAWかOHのどちらかです。

  • as in NO diphthong, which is what I use. At any rate, unlike 'first', where we have the

    のように、私が使っているのはNO diphthongです。何はともあれ 'first' と違って、ここでは

  • UR vowel then the R sound, here we do need some jaw drop to make the shape of either


  • the AW as in LAW vowel, or the OH as in NO sound, before the tongue pulls back and up


  • for the R consonant sound, fourth. And then, we finish with the unvoiced TH, where the


  • front part of the tongue comes just out of the teeth, not too far, and air lightly passes


  • through. Fourth.


  • Fifth -- we've got a lot of unvoiced consonants in this one. We again start with the F consonant,


  • fff. Then the IH as in SIT vowel, where we have a little bit of jaw drop, fi-, and the


  • tongue tip says down while the front part of the tongue stretches up and forward towards


  • the front part of the roof of the mouth, fi-. Then we have the F and unvoiced TH sounds,


  • fifth. This can be a little tricky. First, you need to bring the bottom lip up to the


  • top teeth, ff, then, while you continue to let air out, you drop the lip and let the


  • tip of the tongue through the teeth. FFTHFFTH. Fifth, fifth. You might sometimes hear a native


  • speaker simplify this by dropping the F before the TH: 'fith', 'fith'.

    スピーカはTHの前にFを落とすことでこれを単純化します: 'fith'、 'fith'。

  • Sixth -- again, a lot of unvoiced consonants. We start with the S sound, tongue tip down,

    六つ目は...またしても、声にならない子音が多い。舌先を下にして Sの音から始めます

  • teeth together. SS. Then the IH as in SIT vowel with a little jaw drop. Si-. Now we


  • have the K, S and TH sounds together. They are all unvoiced, so we're just passing air


  • through, no engagement of the vocal cords. The K: tongue tip stays where it was for the


  • IH, lightly touching behind the bottom front teeth. The back part of the tongue reaches


  • up and touches the soft palate here, the back part of the roof of the mouth, and pulls away.


  • As it pulls away, the teeth come together, again the tongue tips stays where it is for


  • the S. Then the tongue tip simply moves up a bit so that it can come just though the


  • teeth. ksth. ksth. Just practice that on its own, and don't rush it, ksth. Sixth, sixth.


  • Seventh. Just like 'second', stress in on the first syllable. So the second will shorter,

    セブンズちょうど 'second'のように、最初の音節にストレスをかけます。なので、2番目は短くなります。

  • flatter, and lower in pitch, seventh. We begin with the S consonant sound and EH vowel, just


  • like 'second', so make sure you're dropping your jaw enough for that EH vowel. Then we


  • have the V, which looks just like all these F's we've been talking about, only it's voiced,


  • so the vocal chords are engaged, making a sound. Sev-, seventh. Then we have the schwa/N sound,

    声帯が噛み合って音を出すようにセブ...セブ...セブそれから schwa/n という音が出てきます

  • And the N takes over the schwa, so you don't need to worry about making it a separate sound,


  • -ven, -ven, -ven. And finally, the unvoiced TH. Usually, the tongue tip lifts to the roof


  • of the mouth for the N. But, a shortcut: You can actually bring the tip of the tongue just


  • through the teeth and press the part just behind it to the roof of the mouth for the


  • N. So not the tip. That way your tongue doesn't really need to change positions between those


  • two sounds. Seventh, seventh.


  • Eighth. -- This one's pretty simple. The AY diphthong and the unvoiced TH. Eighth. The

    8つ目だ-- これはとても簡単です。AYのディフォンと、声にならないTHです。8番目8番目の

  • biggest mistake my students make with the AY diphthong is that they don't drop their


  • jaw enough for the first sound. Eighth. And of course, the unvoiced TH, where the tongue


  • tip comes through the teeth. Eighth, eighth.


  • Ninth. This begins with the N consonant sound. The flat, top part of the tongue is up at


  • the roof of the mouth. NN. Then we have the AI as in BUY diphthong, again a common issue

    口の中の屋根。nnです。それから私たちは AI を持っています BUY diphthong のように 再び一般的な問題です

  • is not to drop the jaw enough. So make sure you do, ni-. Then for the second half of the

    は十分にアゴを落とさないことですだから確実にしてください ニ-。では、後半の

  • diphthong, the tongue tip stays down while the front part of the tongue stretches up


  • towards the front part of the roof of the mouth, ni-, ni-. Then again the N / TH sound

    口の屋根の前の部分に向かって、に、に、に。その後、再びn / th音

  • just as in 'seventh'. Ninth, ninth.

    のように '7th'。第九、第九。

  • Tenth. We start here with a True T sound: ttt. Tongue tip is at the roof of the mouth,


  • teeth are together, the air is stopped. Then the tongue tip pulls down, the teeth part,


  • and the air is released. TTeh -- the EH vowel, just as in 'second' and 'seventh', we need

    と空気が抜けていきます。TTeh -- EH母音は、 'second' と '7th' のように、私たちは

  • jaw drop, te-, te-. And then again, the NTH ending. Tenth, tenth.


  • So there you have it, ordinal numbers 1-10. We had a lot of consonant clusters, lots of


  • ending TH to practice. I hope this helps.


  • Practice your English. Make up a sentence that includes an ordinal number. Record yourself


  • saying it, and post it as a video response to this video on YouTube. I can't wait to watch.


  • That's it, and thanks so much for using Rachel's English!


In this American English pronunciation video, we're going to over the pronunciation of the


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