字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Lesson 388. The title of today's lesson is the difference between overdue and expire. Yeah. Sometimes I will have students ask me about these two and sometimes it could lead to a mistake or it could lead to confusion, if you don't know the difference between the two. So let's take a look here. First. Let's look at the note. We look at overdue. Overdue means that something should have been done before or at an earlier time. So we usually use it for things like that. It is often used for things that are borrowed. You know, like like a book from the library or a videotape from a store or video game from a store or something like that. And should be returned or things that should have been paid by a certain date. You know, especially things like bills. You know your bill could be overdue. Your electric bill could be overdue or your gas bill could be overdue. Okay. Let's continue here with expire. Expire means things ... expire means that an agreement contract or documents time period comes to an end. Expire is often used for memberships like if you know you belong to a gym or or a health club or something like that you may have a membership. Contracts of course, contracts can expire. They do expire. They , you have an ending date. That's why baseball players or sports players have to resign with a new contract. Because the old one does eventually end. It expires. It comes to an end. Dates on documents, you know, passport , license. Such as passports, licenses, etc. It is also used to be a limit on things that are perishable. All right. You know just like you go to the store. We have expiration date on a lot of food. Usually the the date on most of those is usually like a sell by date. But it's still there's an expiration date. That stores cannot sell it by a certain date. So you have expiration dates on lots of food or should no longer be used. Yes. There's also expiration dates on like medicine. You know , they don't suggest that you use it you know, past this date or something like that. All right. Let's continue. All right. Let's listen to the first one here with the X. This is one where a student is likely to make a mistake. I didn't realize my passport was overdue until I got to the airport. No. That's a document. We use expire, not overdue. Okay. Good. All right. Number ... next one here I had to pay a fine because my library book was overdue. Well, remember we told you with things that are borrowed we often use overdue or they were expected to happen by a certain time. We use it for a woman to when she gets pregnant you know, we always say a due date and if she goes past that due date , we say the baby is overdue. Because the baby was expected to arrive by a certain date. Okay. Let's continue here. Your payment is overdue. If you don't pay it by by the 10th the electric company will turn off your power. Power here means electricity. So again we definitely use it for bills. Bills will be overdue. If they haven't been done by that certain date. Okay. The next one. Your membership will expire in two days. So remember , membership, membership is really a type of a contract. So we also say with contracts you know, they end they expire in two days if you don't renew. Renew, of course that means you're basically signing a new contract to extend it. All right. Let's continue. The date on this coupon is expired and can no longer be used. Okay. Well you know, it's also kind of a document in a way or you know it's something they can no longer be used past a certain date. So we say that it expired. Yeah. Let's continue. The driver's license will expire on your birthday. Yeah . In the u.s. they often have that. They always go by the people's birthdate again. So you have to renew by your birth date again. You know, every four years or ten years or however long you, you would extend your driver's license for. Okay. Good. All right. And the last one here. The date on this bottle of Medicine expired two years ago. So in other words, it shouldn't be used after this date. Perhaps you shouldn't use it. Okay. I hope this is clear. I hope it was informative. I hope you got a much better feel now of when you should use expire and when you should use overdo. Okay. Thank you for your time. Bye-bye.