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  • Learning happens inside our brain

  • when new information connects with existing memory.

  • When we are excited or enthusiastic our brain happens to do that much better.

  • In a famous experiment American psychologist Hans Breiter put cocaine addicts into an MRI.

  • The effect of the drug excited the addicts

  • and the researcher saw a lot of activity in what's called the Nucleus Accumbent.

  • German scientists did the same experiment with young men and pictures of Porsche cars,

  • which caused the same area to light up.

  • When they did it with pictures of a Daihatsu, it didn't.

  • What's going on here?

  • As soon as we expect something nice to happen,

  • the brain releases it's happiness chemicals

  • dopamine and endorphin

  • as well as other neurotransmitters.

  • While dopamine and endorphin delight us,

  • the other neurotransmitters send information from A to B.

  • This connects new information from outside the brain with stored memories inside...

  • and that's learning.

  • Unfortunately this doesn't mean that everythingfunhelps us learn.

  • Shopping for example makes us happy,

  • but as German Neuroscientists Manfred Spitzer measured,

  • it only lasts 12 seconds.

  • Then the dopamine level drops

  • and we have to shop more to bring it back up.

  • This happens because the brain releases neurotransmitters in anticipation of something nice.

  • But once we get it,

  • the dopamine rush ends and the information exchange slows.

  • Accumulating new things therefore doesn't make us happy,

  • nor does it help us to learn.

  • Being excited about something for a longer time or being surprised does.

  • For example: When we are excited to plan a trip with our friends

  • or when we have an unexpected and inspiring conversation with a stranger,

  • our brain releases neurotransmitters in abundance

  • and we start recording with all our senses in high definition.

  • The synapses add existing footage from the long-term memory

  • to make it a creative and memorable experience.

  • It's like we turn on a learn turbo.

  • Neuroscientist Prof. Dr. Hüther

  • even argues that young children can learn multiple languages and so many other things,

  • mainly because of their ability to be excited.

  • And most are excited about everything until they get held back

  • to follow their interest by the expectations of their parents or schools.

  • When learning a new language in a boring class at age 35 however,

  • we have little left to be excited about

  • and hence we learn next to nothing.

  • Prof. Hüther believes any 75-year old Chinese man,

  • who falls in love with a young 65-year old British lady,

  • will speak English very fast.

  • If you are able to constantly learn new things in an exciting way,

  • the chemicals released in your brain are likely to outlive the pleasures of drugs or shopping.

  • It seems as if happiness and learning not only come from the same region in our brain,

  • but they also promote one another.

  • What is your experience?

  • Is learning a side product of enthusiasm?

  • Or can we learn without passion or interest?

  • Share your thoughts in the comment below!

Learning happens inside our brain


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B1 中級

情熱と熱意を持って学ぶ (Learning with Passion and Enthusiasm)

  • 57 1
    Shinichiro に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日