中級 514 タグ追加 保存
動画の字幕をクリックしてすぐ単語の意味を調べられます!
単語帳読み込み中…
字幕の修正報告
In 1948, Spanish ophthalmologist Jose Ignacio Barraquer Moner
was fed up with glasses.
He wanted a solution for blurry vision that fixed the eye itself,
without relying on external aids.
But the surgery he eventually devised was not for the faint of heart.
Barraquer began by slicing off the front of a patient’s cornea
and dunking it in liquid nitrogen.
Using a miniature lathe, he ground the frozen cornea
into the precise shape necessary to focus the patient’s vision.
Then he thawed the disc, and sewed it back on.
Barraquer called this procedure keratomileusis,
from the Greek words for “carving” and “cornea.”
And though it might sound grisly, his technique produced reliable results.
So how did Barraquer’s surgery work?
Keratomileusis corrects what are called refractive errors:
imperfections in the way the eye focuses incoming light.
Ideally, the cornea and lens work together to focus light
on the surface of the retina,
but several kinds of refractive errors can impair this delicate system.
In people with myopia, or short-sightedness,
a steep cornea focuses light just short of the retina.
Those with hyperopia, or far-sightedness, have the opposite problem:
light is focused too far beyond the retina.
And in people with astigmatism, the cornea has two different curvatures
which focus light at two distances and produce blurry vision.
Even those with perfect vision will eventually suffer from presbyopia,
or “aging eyes.”
As the proteins in the lens age, they slowly increase its size.
By an adult’s mid-40’s, the lens is too large
to easily change shape and shift focus.
Glasses and contact lenses bend light to compensate for these refractive errors.
But, as Barraquer’s procedure shows,
we can also alter the shape of the cornea itself;
moving the focal point backwards, forwards,
or pulling a divided image together.
And thankfully, modern eye surgeons can sculpt the cornea
with far less invasive tools.
In corrective laser eye surgery, surgeons rely on excimer lasers.
These tools are accurate enough to etch words into a human hair.
To safely accomplish these ultra-fine incisions,
they use a technique called photoablation.
This allows the laser to essentially evaporate organic tissue
without overheating surrounding eye tissue.
So how does laser eye surgery actually work?
The first step is to separate a thin layer from the front of the cornea.
This can be done with either a flat, wide blade, or a femto-second laser
that produces millions of tiny plasma bubbles
to create a plane beneath the corneal surface.
Surgeons then lift the flap to expose the inside of the cornea.
Guided by the refractive error and the shape of the cornea,
the excimer laser robotically sculpts the exposed corneal bed
into the correct shape.
This process usually takes less than 30 seconds for each eye.
Finally, the flap is closed,
and its edges reseal themselves in just a few hours.
Because the lasering is done on the eyeball itself,
it’s described as “in situ,” or “on site.”
Its complete name is “laser in-situ keratomileusis” –
but you probably know it as LASIK.
Essentially, this technique carves a patient’s contact lens prescription
onto their cornea.
Like any surgical procedure,
LASIK comes with certain risks.
Some patients experience slightly blurred vision that can’t be corrected by glasses.
But the technique is currently about as likely to damage your eyes
as wearing daily disposable contact lenses for one year.
Today, a technique called SMILE enables surgeons to sculpt the cornea
through even smaller incisions –
further reducing recovery time.
And lasers aren’t just correcting the three types of refractive errors –
this technology can also restore aging eyes.
In a technique called Laser Blended Vision,
surgeons adjust one eye to be slightly better at distance vision
and the other to be better at close range vision.
The difference between the two eyes is small enough
that most patients can merge their vision,
allowing both eyes to work together at all distances.
Advances in laser technology continue to make vision correction surgery
more effective and accessible.
One day soon, Barraquer’s vision of a world without glasses
may finally come true.
コツ:単語をクリックしてすぐ意味を調べられます!

読み込み中…

How does laser eye surgery work? - Dan Reinstein

514 タグ追加 保存
Estelle 2019 年 12 月 3 日 に公開
お勧め動画
  1. 1. クリック一つで単語を検索

    右側のスプリクトの単語をクリックするだけで即座に意味が検索できます。

  2. 2. リピート機能

    クリックするだけで同じフレーズを何回もリピート可能!

  3. 3. ショートカット

    キーボードショートカットを使うことによって勉強の効率を上げることが出来ます。

  4. 4. 字幕の表示/非表示

    日・英のボタンをクリックすることで自由に字幕のオンオフを切り替えられます。

  5. 5. 動画をブログ等でシェア

    コードを貼り付けてVoiceTubeの動画再生プレーヤーをブログ等でシェアすることが出来ます!

  6. 6. 全画面再生

    左側の矢印をクリックすることで全画面で再生できるようになります。

  1. クイズ付き動画

    リスニングクイズに挑戦!

  1. クリックしてメモを表示

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔