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  • And have your logo put right here!

  • Flight gear

  • Light beer

  • My dear

  • I dont even know the purpose of this

  • Hello everyone! Welcome to Taiwan Bar

  • Today we're going to talk about Taiwan's modernization

  • Which might bring to mind

  • Liu Ming Chuan in the Qing Dynasty

  • and Chiang Ching Kuo's Ten Major Construction Projects

  • What about this gap in between?

  • Hmmm...Let's pause for a second and think about this

  • Ahem! Why is this gap always ignored?

  • The Modernization under Japanese rule

  • In 1895

  • Japan took over Taiwan according to the Treaty of Shimonoseki

  • Japan took this island in the middle of nowhere

  • and tried to turn it into a twinkle, twinkle little star

  • How I wonder what you are

  • So they made Taiwan modernize with them

  • But before explaining

  • why we're so unfamiliar with this gap

  • We're gonna have to say what's in the gap first

  • Ahem!

  • Here we go!

  • Taiwan's modernization under Japanese rule

  • included the visible change of infrastructure

  • and also the invisible change of lifestyle

  • In terms of infrastructure

  • First we're going to talk about Goto Shinpei's Urban Planning.

  • For example

  • the Governor-General's Office

  • which is now the Presidential Office Building

  • Also

  • You get the point

  • In addition

  • the two major harbors that led to Taiwan's economic take-off

  • (Garsh!)

  • The Port of Kaohsiung and the Port of Keelung

  • Along with the omnipresent Bank of Taiwan

  • And the ever-so-famous Guishan Power Plant

  • These were all built by Goto Shinpei

  • Recruited by Goto

  • Hasegawa Kinsuke designed the Western-line railway

  • Besides the infrastructure

  • the change of lifestyle

  • and customs were highlighted in the modernization as well

  • Japan considered foot binding

  • the queue hairstyle

  • and the use of opium as the Three Vices of Taiwan

  • As for the use of opium...

  • You can smash that link to review everything about that

  • After the Qing Dynasty collapsed in 1911

  • People started snippin' them queues

  • and freein' them shoes

  • In 1915

  • the Governor-General of Taiwan

  • used the Baojia system for...

  • And this reformation was successfully carried out under the police

  • Since girls didn't need to bind their feet anymore

  • they could work harder

  • and contribute more to Taiwan's economic growth

  • (a-hyuk!)

  • Aside from eradicating the three vices

  • Japan also stressed the importance of being punctual and obedient

  • First, about punctuality

  • The Governor General introduced the concept of a 7-day week

  • and set Sunday as a day off

  • So all the peeps who used to bust their asses off 24-7

  • started to have downtime

  • and though

  • "Hmmm...what am I gonna do with all this spare time?"

  • partay!!

  • And thus all kinds of recreational activities started to pop out

  • partay!!

  • Besides the week system

  • Japan also brought in the Standard Time System

  • With the introduction of Greenwich Mean Time

  • The concept of time changed from the Chinese Sexagenary cycle

  • into stuff like"eight p.m."

  • ...or so

  • In terms of obeying the law

  • With the support of Baojia system

  • the police kept it sooooo peaceful that

  • People in Taiwan didn't even need to lock their doors at night

  • The Governor General also introduced the Western law system

  • so Taiwan's judiciary evolved from the guillotine

  • to a modern system with judges and lawyers

  • (Take double the payback!)

  • In the early years

  • these new rules were forced on the Taiwanese by the police

  • But after a while

  • People got used to it

  • and became punctual and obedient on their own

  • Let's clarify something real quick

  • Ano...

  • Everyone seems to think that

  • calling Taiwan a "Ghost Island" is a new thing...

  • The plague was a serious problem

  • at the beginning of the Japanese rule

  • You might get to Taiwan

  • and immediately want a free return in 7 days

  • So even a hundred years ago

  • people were already calling Taiwan

  • To solve this public health issue

  • the Governor General put in work

  • to set up public health and medical systems

  • The National Taiwan University Hospital was founded

  • aka the TGG Medical School at that time

  • Also

  • the Baojia system was in charge of supervising health ed

  • As a result

  • the Taiwanese became more civilized

  • That's why you don't see us spitting on sidewalks

  • or dropping doo-doos whenever, wherever

  • Also

  • the mortality rate dropped a lot

  • The population of Taiwan grew from 3 million people

  • to SIX POINT SIX MILLION

  • Uh...

  • Okay, we now know that

  • many antique and prestigious architectures we see nowadays

  • along with the change of lifestyle

  • A huge part was due to the Japanese rule in the past 50 years

  • Well... besides beingaccidentallyforgotten by the KM...

  • by the ca--mpus

  • Another reason is because the Japanese Rule

  • was in essence a colonization

  • And that makes many people unwilling to admit the good parts

  • For example

  • Both at work and in education

  • It was obvious that the Taiwanese were excluded

  • Japanese people not only occupied most of the government positions

  • For the same position

  • Taiwanese people got paid much less

  • In terms of education

  • Taiwanese people either went to worse schools

  • or couldn't even go to schools

  • In addition to this unfair treatment

  • Agricultural exploitation was even worse

  • Remember Kodama Gentaro and Goto Shinpei?

  • They thought sugar manufacturing not only attracts investment

  • it's also the foundation of a colonial economy

  • So Goto went to Nitobe Inazo

  • who later wrote

  • to um...

  • reform the sugar industry

  • The next year

  • the Imperial Conference passed the

  • "Taiwan Sugar Business Encouragement Rules"

  • which restricted sugarcane sales to certain corporations

  • The price was directly controlled

  • No matter how bad the price was

  • Taiwanese farmers had no choice but to suck it up

  • This kind of colonial injustice

  • left sad Taiwanese farmers with happy Japanese capitalists

  • And the consequence of this exploitation

  • led to the saying

  • Al-righty

  • After telling you about both the exploitation

  • and how Taiwan was modernized under the Japanese rule

  • We have finally bridged the 50-year-gap!

  • Back to our topic

  • When we look back at this part of history

  • Either overpraising

  • or denigrating Japan's influence on Taiwan

  • is actually harmful for a full understanding of this period

  • Both can easily lead to bigotry

  • and make us victims to our own preconceptions

  • Like seeing a hot chick on the street

  • but when she turns around

  • (a-hyuck!)

  • Uh...

  • Okay, that's all for today

  • Let me finish this brandy

  • And we'll see you next time!

  • Bye!

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B1 中級

台湾の近代化!台湾の歴史-《アニメ台湾の歴史》EP1『鬼島現代化!』。劉明哲と蒋清国、真ん中。 ミドル (『Taiwan’s Modernization !』History of Taiwan-《動畫臺灣史》 EP1『鬼島現代化!劉銘傳與蔣經國,的中間。 』)

  • 360 17
    Courtney Shih に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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