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Hello everyone
Welcome to Taiwan Bar
Today we're going to talk about
the social movements in the 1920s
Social movements back then
were kind of similar to those nowadays
Of course the most active role
has always been students
The cradle of Taiwan's social movements, however
was not Taiwan
TOKYO But the de facto capital of Japan, Tokyo
During the rule under Emperor Taishō
Social movements in Japan
Swept through the country
Uncles, aunties, gramps and grannies
everyone was on the street protesting
Taiwanese students in Japan
were influenced by this kind of democracy
Making Tokyo the place for Taiwanese people to absorb new ideas
Under the rule of Goto Shinpei
Taiwan was not only modernized with Japan
People also gave up armed protests
In today's episode, let's talk about
how social movements blew from Japan to Taiwan
Ahem, here we go
After WWI
National self-determination became the coolest kid on the block
So, the Governor-General thought
Whoah, before we lose Taiwan
To this self-determination thing
We'd better assimilate Taiwanese ASAP
So, the way they ruled Taiwan
changed from Special Ruling to Assimilation
But the story wasn't as easy as that
Out of nowhere came a Lin Cheng-lu
Saying that emphasizing Taiwan's unique character
would be better than assimilating it
So protests started going another direction
And out came the Petition Movement for the Establishment of a Taiwanese Parliament
Huh? What's that?
Well, you smarty little pantsies
probably can tell by the name, can't you?
Instead of being assimilated
The Taiwanese pled to set up its own parliament
to rule on their own
Yeah! Self-determination!
At this point, the Governor-General was speechless
When we treated you differently
you asked to be the same
When we treat you the same
you want self-determination?
C'mon!
Taiwanese intellectuals in the 1920s
were always one step ahead
Avant garde and totally rad!
Anyway, they pled to set up their own council
In 1921
Lin Hsien-tang and the others
started to fight for Taiwan's self-determination
The Petition Movement for the Establishment of a Taiwanese Parliament
went on for 14 years
with...uh... no avail
In the process, however, many political elite were cultivated
and raised the public awareness of the Taiwanese even more
Taiwan belongs to the Taiwanese
Looking back at the 1920s
That was the time when
Unarmed protests
Was a new thing we possessed
It's hard to detest
Because the outcome was the best
You know?
Compared to Korea at that time
The Taiwanese were much more polite
Koreans not only
wildly engaged in armed protects against Japan
They also assassinated Ito Hirobumi,
the guy who signed The Treaty of Shimonoseki
That's what I call K-pop pop pop!
Besides the heated discussions overseas
On whether to set up councils or not
Dr. Chiang Wei-shui
also diagnosed Taiwan
As a culturally malnourished brainless jellyfish…
You dumb dumb!
Having large but empty brains
All they had was kindness and naivety
along with other Confucianism values
If they could grow a bit more knowledge and self-awareness
They'd still have the chance to not be miserable
Therefore, Dr. Chiang Wei-shui
Proposed founding the Taiwanese Cultural Association
And Mr. Lin Hsien-tang
the biggest sponsor to Taiwan's social movements
Volunteered as the manager of the association
Both of them dedicated themselves to helping Taiwan transform
After the Taiwanese Cultural Association was founded
they published newspapers
Delivered speeches, organized summer camps and even theater
They also helped Taiwanese break bad habits
like opium-smoking and superstitions
Among this was an interesting group called “Mei-tai Group”
They used the latest technology
to play educative movies around the island
So kind of like the Taiwan Bar during the Japanese rule
Out of the various activities
the most influential were the cultural speeches
More than 300 speeches in 365 days
gaining more than 200 thousand views
That's more than any of our recent videos!
We gotta step it up!
And that's why social movements in the late 1920s
were so highly-participated
Hold on!
Let's clarify something real quick
Ano... Now when we speak of the communist party
people seem to think it's a China-thing
But back in the Japanese rule
there was also a communist party in Taiwan
1928
The Taiwanese Communist Party was founded in Shanghai
and brought back to Taiwan by Xie Xuehong
The TCP was dedicated to speaking out for the proletariat
But this class conflict
was even more rad than self-determination
The invasion of radical ideas
was one of the reasons why social groups
were divided into radical and moderate groups
Social groups that were supposed to fight together for Taiwan
started holding each other back
Even when Chiang Wei-shui reminded the Taiwanese that
Comrads stick together
hey!
Together we are strong
hey!
Taiwan still couldn't avoid
being brought down by this internal strife
Besides that
The Governor-General still
had to deal with all sorts of social movements
Even though they didn't bring out tanks to run over anyone
they still had a few tricks up their sleeves
woo hahahahaha
Trick No.1
Turning the Enemy Against Each Other
In 1922
General Den Kenjiro gathered a few social movement leaders including Lin Hsien-tang
to discuss establishing a Taiwanese parliament
Although they didn't reach a consensus at the end
The Governor-General started spreading rumors that
Lin had taken a bribe
to stop social movements
Many people were brainwashed by the rumors
And believed Lin was a traitor
Making the biggest sponsor of social movements, Mr. Lin Hsien-tang
very sad
and very lonely
Trick No.2
Kill with a borrowed sword
The Governor-General asked Koo Hsien-jung
Along with all the other gentries who were powerful and wealthy
and put together a group called “The Powerful”
“The Powerful” accused the leaders of the Petition Movement of having ulterior motives
And urged the silent majority to come forward
Social movement leaders
on the other hand
Called themselves “The Weak” to fight against "The Powerful"
Trick No.3
Bring out the Po-Po's!
In 1923, in order to keep the Petition Movement rolling
Chiang Wei-shui and his squad wanted to assemble
A League for the Establishment of a Taiwanese Parliament
But Governor-General wouldn't budge
So Chiang went off to Tokyo do it
After finding out, the Governor-General was pissed
So it brought out the po-po's island-wide
to prosecute citizens
This is the notorious Armed Police Incident
However, the Taiwanese were known for their tenacity
The more tricks the Governor-General played
The more repulsive the Taiwanese got
So after the Armed Police Incident
The Taiwanese were even more active in social movements
Hmm, sounds kinda like the situation today
After all these stories about Taiwan's social movements
We now know a little bit more
about the first stage of Taiwan's democracy
BUT
Social movements in the 1920s
Also had a lot of problems
For example
The objective of the Taiwanese Cultural Association
was to promote Taiwanese culture
However, it excluded certain cultures at the same time
Like Taiwanese folk opera from Ilan
Was seen as low-class and vulgar
The prosperous period of social movements did not last long
Rolling into the 30s
Under the rise of militarism in Japan
Voices rooting for democracy disappeared
The New Taiwanese Cultural Association
Formosan Peasant Union
Taiwan People's Party
and all other radical organizations
were banned or dismissed
Even the most moderate one
the Taiwan Local Government Association
dismissed itself due to the circumstances
So did the efforts over this period of time
go back to square one
Or, did they plant seeds of hope for Taiwanese after all?
Al-righty
After all that talk
I'm a bit thirsty
Let me down this Sake
And we'll see you next time
Bye!
コツ:単語をクリックしてすぐ意味を調べられます!

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【アニメで英語】日本植民時代における台湾の社会運動(The Biggest Social Movement in Taiwan 』History of Taiwan- EP3)

211 タグ追加 保存
Courtney Shih 2019 年 10 月 30 日 に公開
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