字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Word Origins 80. The word origin today is dunce. Okay. Let's take a look at the note here. If someone says that another person is a dunce, he or she is saying that someone is a stupid person or someone who has a real difficulty learning. Okay. Let's continue. The origin of this word comes from a real person, John Duns Scotus. Okay. He was a Scottish Franciscan philosopher and theologian. At one time he was a greatly respected academic and even received honors from the church. You know, way, way back a long time ago before the Renaissance. However, when the Renaissance arrived, many of his ideas, theories, and methods were criticized and discredited. His followers strongly held on to you know, his beliefs. Many Renaissance scholars started to refer to these followers as Duns. Because you know done of course was in his name. His name was John Duns Scotus. So they started to call him Duns in a derogatory way. You know, in a way that's you know, criticizing them or making fun of them in a derogatory way. They considered them to be stupid , slow to learn and change their minds. So that's really where it comes from. That's why ... that's where the word dunce actually comes from. Okay. The dunce cap... Now when we see dunce, I remember years ago. I don't, I don't think this is done anymore and I don't really remember it being done in school or was it done in first grade ? I'm not sure but I remember when I was a kid, sometimes you'd see old shows or movies where they did actually if they if there was a student in the class that was not very smart or as a way of a punishment, maybe they sit him in a corner. And they put this little cone-shaped hat on them, and sometimes it actually said the word dunce on it as kind of a punishment. Today, this would this ... would probably almost be considered child abuse. I think so. This is not really done anymore, but it was done at one time. So there was such a thing as a dunce cap and the dunce cap the idea for the dunce cap, actually came from John Duns Scotus, So let's continue here. The dunce cap came about as an idea from John Duns Scotus who believed that the cone shape ... so it was cone shaped like a cone. A cone shape cap in a metaphysical way, could collect knowledge and wisdom to the tip. The tip you know, at the top of the cap and spread it and spread the knowledge into the brain below. All right. So that's where the idea from the dunce cap actually came from. All right and of course we just got one example here for dunce. Don't be such a dunce. There is no way that it could possibly be true. So this is the way we may use it today. Anyway, I hope you got it. I hope you find it interesting and informative. Thank you for your time. Bye-bye.