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  • Do you think it's possible to control someone's attention?

    翻訳: Kazunori Akashi 校正: Yuko Yoshida

  • Even more than that,

    皆さんは他人の注意力を 自由に操れると思いますか?

  • what about predicting human behavior?

    さらに ―

  • I think those are interesting ideas, if you could.

    行動の予測は できるでしょうか?

  • I mean, for me, that would be the perfect superpower,


  • actually kind of an evil way of approaching it.


  • But for myself, in the past, I've spent the last 20 years


  • studying human behavior from a rather unorthodox way:

    私は この20年間 人間の行動を

  • picking pockets.

    普通とは違ったやり方で 研究してきました

  • When we think of misdirection,


  • we think of something as looking off to the side,


  • when actually it's often the things that are right in front of us

    人の視線をそらすことだと 思われがちですが

  • that are the hardest things to see,

    実際 一番目に入りにくいのは

  • the things that you look at every day that you're blinded to.


  • For example, how many of you still have your cell phones

    普段 目にするものこそ 見えなくなりがちです

  • on you right now?

    例えば 皆さんは

  • Great. Double-check.

    今 携帯を持っていますか?

  • Make sure you still have them on you.


  • I was doing some shopping beforehand.


  • Now you've looked at them probably a few times today,

    さっき私が 盗ったかも知れませんよ

  • but I'm going to ask you a question about them.

    今日 何度か 見ているはずです

  • Without looking at your cell phone directly yet,


  • can you remember the icon in the bottom right corner?


  • Bring them out, check, and see how accurate you were.

    右下のアイコンを 思い出せますか?

  • How'd you do? Show of hands. Did we get it?

    当たっているか 確認してください

  • Now that you're done looking at those, close them down,

    どうですか? 当たった人は手を上げて

  • because every phone has something in common.

    さあ 終わったら閉じて

  • No matter how you organize the icons,


  • you still have a clock on the front.


  • So, without looking at your phone, what time was it?


  • You just looked at your clock, right?

    では携帯を見ずに 時間が言えますか?

  • It's an interesting idea. Now, I'll ask you to take that a step further with a game of trust.

    さっき時計も 見えたはずです

  • Close your eyes.

    面白いでしょう 今度は信頼関係が必要です

  • I realize I'm asking you to do that while you just heard


  • there's a pickpocket in the room, but close your eyes.


  • Now, you've been watching me for about 30 seconds.


  • With your eyes closed, what am I wearing?

    皆さんは私の姿を 30秒は見ましたよね

  • Make your best guess.

    目を閉じたまま 服装を思い出せますか?

  • What color is my shirt? What color is my tie?


  • Now open your eyes.

    シャツの色は? ネクタイの色は?

  • By a show of hands, were you right?


  • It's interesting, isn't it? Some of us are a little bit


  • more perceptive than others. It seems that way.

    人によって観察力が 違うせいだと

  • But I have a different theory about that, that model of attention.


  • They have fancy models of attention, Posner's trinity model of attention.

    でも私は注意を そうは捉えていません

  • For me, I like to think of it very simple, like a surveillance system.

    ポズナーの注意モデルなど 複雑な捉え方もありますが

  • It's kind of like you have all these fancy sensors,

    私はもっと単純な 監視システムの様なものだと思います

  • and inside your brain is a little security guard.

    人間には いろいろな センサーが備わっていて

  • For me, I like to call him Frank.


  • So Frank is sitting at a desk.


  • He's got all sorts of cool information in front of him,


  • high-tech equipment, he's got cameras,


  • he's got a little phone that he can pick up, listen to the ears,


  • all these senses, all these perceptions.


  • But attention is what steers your perceptions,

    あらゆる知覚 感覚が利用できます

  • is what controls your reality. It's the gateway to the mind.


  • If you don't attend to something, you can't be aware of it.

    その人の現実を操るのは 心への入口である「注意」なのです

  • But ironically, you can attend to something without being aware of it.

    注目していなければ 気付きません

  • That's why there's the cocktail effect:

    ただ皮肉にも 無意識に 注目することがあります

  • When you're in a party, you're having conversations with someone,


  • and yet you can recognize your name


  • and you didn't even realize you were listening to that.


  • Now, for my job, I have to play with techniques to exploit this,

    自分の名前が出ると 聞いてないのにわかります

  • to play with your attention as a limited resource.

    私の仕事では 注意に限りがあることを

  • So if I could control how you spend your attention,


  • if I could maybe steal your attention through a distraction.


  • Now, instead of doing it like misdirection

    気を散らして 注意を奪えばいいんです

  • and throwing it off to the side,

    私はミスディレクションや 人の視線をそらすような ―

  • instead, what I choose to focus on is Frank,


  • to be able to play with the Frank inside your head,

    皆さんの頭の中にいる ―

  • your little security guard,

    小さな警備員の フランクを利用します

  • and get you, instead of focusing on your external senses,

    小さな警備員の フランクを利用します

  • just to go internal for a second.

    外界からの刺激に 集中させないようにして

  • So if I ask you to access a memory, like, what is that?

    少しの間 頭の中に 注意を向けさせるのです

  • What just happened? Do you have a wallet?

    私が記憶を たどるように仕向けて ―

  • Do you have an American Express in your wallet?

    何が起きた? 財布はある?

  • And when I do that, your Frank turns around.

    クレジットカードは? などと

  • He accesses the file. He has to rewind the tape.

    たずねると フランクは後ろを向きます

  • And what's interesting is, he can't rewind the tape

    彼は記憶を 巻き戻して確認します

  • at the same time that he's trying to process new data.

    面白いことに 記憶を確認しつつ

  • Now, I mean, this sounds like a good theory,

    新しい情報を 処理することはできません

  • but I could talk for a long time and tell you lots of things,


  • and they may be true, a portion of them,


  • but I think it's better if I tried to show that to you here live.


  • So if I come down, I'm going to do a little bit of shopping.

    実際に 見ていただきましょう

  • Just hold still where you are.

    そちらに行って 品定めしましょう

  • Hello, how are you? It's lovely to see you.


  • You did a wonderful job onstage.

    やあ こんにちは お会いできて光栄です

  • You have a lovely watch that doesn't come off very well.


  • Do you have your ring as well?


  • Good. Just taking inventory. You're like a buffet.


  • It's hard to tell where to start, there's so many great things.

    まだ調べているだけです 選り取り見取りですね

  • Hi, how are you? Good to see you.


  • Hi, sir, could you stand up for me, please? Just right where you are.


  • Oh, you're married. You follow directions well.

    ちょっとその場に 立っていただけますか

  • That's nice to meet you, sir.


  • You don't have a whole lot inside your pockets. Anything down by the pocket over here?


  • Hopefully so. Have a seat. There you go. You're doing well.

    ポケットには あまり入っていません こちらには何かあるかな?

  • Hi, sir, how are you?

    だといいんですが どうぞお座りください

  • Good to see you, sir. You have a ring, a watch.


  • Do you have a wallet on you? Joe: I don't.


  • Apollo Robbins: Well, we'll find one for you.

    財布は持ってますか? Joe: いいえ

  • Come on up this way, Joe.

    AR: 今 見つけてあげますよ

  • Give Joe a round of applause.


  • Come on up Joe. Let's play a game.

    皆さん ジョーに拍手を

  • (Applause)


  • Pardon me.


  • I don't think I need this clicker anymore. You can have that.


  • Thank you very much. I appreciate that.


  • Come on up to the stage, Joe. Let's play a little game now.


  • Do you have anything in your front pockets? Joe: Money.

    ジョー あがってください ちょっとゲームをしましょう

  • AR: Money. All right, let's try that.

    前ポケットに何か入れてますか? Joe: お金が

  • Can you stand right over this way for me?

    AR: お金ですね やってみましょう

  • Turn around and, let's see,


  • if I give you something that belongs to me,


  • this is just something I have, a poker chip.


  • Hold out your hand for me. Watch it kind of closely.


  • Now this is a task for you to focus on.

    手を出してください よく見ていてください

  • Now you have your money in your front pocket here? Joe: Yup.

    これを見張るのが あなたの役目です

  • AR: Good. I'm not going to actually put my hand in your pocket.

    お金は前ポケットですね Joe: はい

  • I'm not ready for that kind of commitment.

    AR: なるほど ポケットに手は入れません

  • One time a guy had a hole in his pocket,


  • and that was rather traumatizing for me.

    以前 お客さんのポケットの中に

  • I was looking for his wallet and he gave me his phone number.

    穴が開いていて それ以来のトラウマです

  • It was a big miscommunication.


  • So let's do this simply. Squeeze your hand.


  • Squeeze it tight. Do you feel the poker chip in your hand? Joe: I do.

    やることは簡単 手を握ってください

  • AR: Would you be surprised if I could take it out of your hand? Say yes.

    チップはまだありますか? Joe: はい

  • Joe: Very. AR: Good.

    AR: 私が抜きとったら ビックリしますよね

  • Open your hand. Thank you very much.

    Joe: 確かに AR: 結構 ―

  • I'll cheat if you give me a chance.


  • Make it harder for me. Just use your hand.

    チャンスがあったら やりますよ

  • Grab my wrist, but squeeze, squeeze firm.

    難易度を上げて あなたの手だけを使います

  • Did you see it go?


  • Joe: No. AR: No, it's not here. Open your hand.


  • See, while we're focused on the hand,

    Joe: いいえ AR: もう無くなってますよ

  • it's sitting on your shoulder right now.


  • Go ahead and take it off.


  • Now, let's try that again.


  • Hold your hand out flat. Open it up all the way.

    さあ もう一度

  • Put your hand up a little bit higher, but watch it close there, Joe.

    手を開いて まっすぐ伸ばして

  • See, if I did it slowly, it'd be back on your shoulder.

    もう少し高くあげて でもしっかり注目して

  • (Laughter)

    ほら 私がゆっくりやっても チップはまた肩の上です

  • Joe, we're going to keep doing this till you catch it.


  • You're going to get it eventually. I have faith in you.

    あなたがチップを とれるまでやりますよ

  • Squeeze firm. You're human, you're not slow.


  • It's back on your shoulder.

    しっかり握って あなたはのろまなんかじゃない

  • You were focused on your hand. That's why you were distracted.


  • While you were watching this, I couldn't quite get your watch off. It was difficult.

    手に集中していて 気を取られたんです

  • Yet you had something inside your front pocket.

    あなたが見ている間は 時計をとったりするのは無理です

  • Do you remember what it was?

    ところで 前ポケットに 何があったか ―

  • Joe: Money.


  • AR: Check your pocket. See if it's still there. Is it still there? (Laughter)

    Joe: お金です

  • Oh, that's where it was. Go ahead and put it away.

    AR: 調べてください まだありますか? (笑)

  • We're just shopping. This trick's more about the timing, really.

    ありましたね またしまっておいて

  • I'm going to try to push it inside your hand.


  • Put your other hand on top for me, would you?


  • It's amazingly obvious now, isn't it?


  • It looks a lot like the watch I was wearing, doesn't it?


  • (Laughter) (Applause)

    私がしている時計に 見覚えは?

  • Joe: That's pretty good. That's pretty good. AR: Oh, thanks.


  • But it's only a start. Let's try it again, a little bit differently.

    Joe: 本当にすごい AR: ありがとう

  • Hold your hands together. Put your other hand on top.

    でもまだほんの序の口です 少し違うことをしましょう

  • Now if you're watching this little token,


  • this obviously has become a little target. It's like a red herring.

    今 チップに注目しているでしょうが

  • If we watch this kind of close, it looks like it goes away.

    明らかに注意を そらすためのターゲットです

  • It's not back on your shoulder.

    近くで見ていると 無くなったように見えます

  • It falls out of the air, lands right back in the hand.


  • Did you see it go?

    どこからともなく 手の中に落ちてきます

  • Yeah, it's funny. We've got a little guy. He's union. He works up there all day.


  • If I did it slowly, if it goes straightaway,

    面白いでしょ 相棒が一日中 上にいるんです

  • it lands down by your pocket. I believe is it in this pocket, sir?


  • No, don't reach in your pocket. That's a different show.

    ポケットの中に入ります ここにありますね?

  • So -- (Squeaking noise) -- that's rather strange. They have shots for that.

    手は入れないで その手のショーではないので

  • Can I show them what that is? That's rather bizarre. Is this yours, sir?

    さて ― (鳴き声) みんな考えてますよ

  • I have no idea how that works. We'll just send that over there.

    皆さんに見せていいですか? おかしいな これはあなたの?

  • That's great. I need help with this one.

    どうしたんだろう チップを送っただけなのに

  • Step over this way for me.

    結構です もう一つ手伝ってください

  • Now don't run away. You had something down by your pants pocket.


  • I was checking mine. I couldn't find everything,

    逃げないで ポケットの中に何かありますね

  • but I noticed you had something here.

    自分のを確認したら どうも何か足りません

  • Can I feel the outside of your pocket for a moment?


  • Down here I noticed this. Is this something of yours, sir?


  • Is this? I have no idea. That's a shrimp.

    何かあります これはあなたのですか?

  • Joe: Yeah. I'm saving it for later.

    なぜだろう エビが入ってる

  • AR: You've entertained all of these people in a wonderful way,

    Joe: 後で食べようと思って

  • better than you know.

    AR: 皆 楽しんでくれました あなたのおかげです

  • So we'd love to give you this lovely watch as a gift. (Laughter)


  • Hopefully it matches his taste.

    だから この素敵な時計を プレゼントします(笑)

  • But also, we have a couple of other things,


  • a little bit of cash, and then we have a few other things.

    それから まだあります

  • These all belong to you,

    現金が少しと それからこれも

  • along with a big round of applause from all your friends. (Applause)


  • Joe, thank you very much.

    皆さんからの 大きな拍手もね(拍手)

  • (Applause)

    ジョー どうもありがとう

  • So, same question I asked you before,


  • but this time you don't have to close your eyes.

    さて 先程と同じ質問をしましょう

  • What am I wearing?


  • (Laughter)


  • (Applause)


  • Attention is a powerful thing.


  • Like I said, it shapes your reality.


  • So, I guess I'd like to pose that question to you.


  • If you could control somebody's attention,


  • what would you do with it?


  • Thank you.


  • (Applause)


Do you think it's possible to control someone's attention?

翻訳: Kazunori Akashi 校正: Yuko Yoshida


動画の操作 ここで「動画」の調整と「字幕」の表示を設定することができます

A2 初級 日本語 TED 注意 ポケット チップ フランク 拍手

TED】アポロ・ロビンス。アート・オブ・ミスディレクション (The art of misdirection | アポロ・ロビンス) (【TED】Apollo Robbins: The art of misdirection (The art of misdirection | Apollo Robbins))

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    VoiceTube に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日