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The term core competence gets thrown around a lot,
but it has a specific meaning, one
that's especially important for strategists and companies
with multiple business units or product lines.
CK Prahalad and Gary Hamel, who introduced the concept,
described the diversified corporation as a large tree.
The core products are the trunk and major limbs.
The business units are smaller branches,
and the end products are the leaves.
The core competence is the root system
that provides nourishment and stability.
It's essentially what your organization
knows about coordinating production and technology.
If you only compare end products,
you'll miss the real strength of your company.
To figure that out, start by identifying specific core competencies,
the five or six things at most that your company does better than anyone else.
These meet three requirements.
First, they provide access to a wide variety of markets.
Consider what Honda knows about engines.
It gives them a distinctive advantage in cars, lawnmowers, and generators.
Second, core competencies contribute
to the benefits of the product as perceived by the customer.
Clearly Honda's expertise in engines fits the bill here too.
Finally, core competencies are hard for competitors to imitate.
It's been tough for Honda's competitors
to match their engine design and development skills even
with bigger R&D budgets.
Competencies not only bind existing businesses together.
They also nourish new lines of business.
For instance, when Honda first decided to make cars,
they knew they were capitalizing on what they'd learned about engines
from years of making motorcycles.
Understanding your competencies can prevent you
from making disastrous outsourcing mistakes.
Chrysler, for example, considered engines an expensive commodity
and outsourced them to Mitsubishi and Hyundai.
That didn't work out so well for Chrysler.
Knowledge fades if it's not used.
In a world of intense global competition,
understanding core competence helps
you figure out how to create sustainable advantage
that's more than just the sum of your current products.


The Explainer: Finding Your Company's Core Competencies

278 タグ追加 保存
jbsatvtac1 2019 年 8 月 16 日 に公開
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