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  • Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Lesson 347. The title of today's lesson is the

  • difference between sympathy and empathy. This is another one that comes up that

  • students will ask what's the difference between these two ? Because they both mean

  • that you feel sorry for someone. All right. Let's take a look at the note here.

  • If someone has sympathy for another person or animal in a bad situation, he

  • or she feels sorry for them and often shows it in one's behavior. Yeah. You know

  • like maybe wanting to do something for them or just saying, " oh sorry that's too

  • bad' or something like that. Let's continue here. If someone has empathy for

  • another person, he or she is able to understand how that person feels because

  • he or she is able to imagine what it is like to be them. When you have empathy

  • for another person you are able to put yourself in that other person's shoes. So

  • this is really one of the key differences here. With empathy you can

  • imagine what it's like to be them. You can put yourself in their shoes. You are

  • more likely to have empathy with someone in which you had the same or a very

  • similar experience. That's why it's easier for you to put yourself in their

  • shoes. Because you had that experience it's easier for you to imagine what it's

  • like to be in that position. Because maybe you had that experience or like I

  • said maybe someone very close to you had it. So you were able to really feel it

  • and understand it more. And in that sense you feel even more sorry than just

  • sympathy by itself. Oh. In this way you can relate to

  • them better. Now to be honest with you, you could probably use sympathy in most

  • cases you use empathy. But it doesn't work the other way around. There are

  • certain situations where empathy doesn't sound right or feel good. All right. Let's

  • look at ... we have .a number of examples here to try to cover this idea. Let's

  • look at the sympathy ones are on top here. So example number one. I have

  • sympathy for that three-legged dog. All right. So maybe it's a dog. It's missing a

  • leg. You feel sorry for it. But this is a good example. I mean if you're trying to

  • put empathy in here it just doesn't really work as well. I have empathy for

  • the three-legged dog. Can you imagine what it's like to be a three-legged dog ?

  • Not exactly. So you wouldn't likely use empathy. You would most likely just use

  • sympathy here. Okay. Let's look at number two. I have sympathy for any families

  • that lost loved ones in a terrorist attack. All right. Again, you feel sorry

  • for them , but if you yourself never lost one. It's not likely you have empathy for

  • them. It's harder to imagine what it's like to be in their position then. That's

  • such a heart-wrenching experience that it's it's not likely that you could

  • almost understand exactly the way they feel. You still feel sorry for them. You

  • know they're in pain. But to put yourself in their shoes is a difficult one. So

  • again in these cases with a you know , you use sympathy here. But empathy wouldn't

  • work as well. Let's look at number three/ When her grandfather died, I sent her a

  • nice sympathy card. I thought I just had this one. But really

  • sympathy card is a noun phrase. But we don't say empathy cards. We say

  • sympathy cards. I don't know empathy cards would be kind of weird.

  • You're imagining you're in the same position as the dead person or the

  • family. No. That, that doesn't feel quite right. So we don't say that. So if

  • somebody dies and you want to send a card to say like sorry for your loss or sorry

  • that somebody died, we call that a sympathy card not an empathy card. All

  • right. And let's look at number four here. Well it's the last sympathy one . I have

  • no sympathy . Yeah a lot of times you'll say that. You rarely say I have no

  • empathy. That, that's just weird. But you say I have no sympathy for him. He

  • brought this trouble on himself. Yeah. Empathy is something you could

  • relate to more. So you're not as likely to say you have no empathy. But you might

  • say you have no sympathy for someone. All right. And now let's look at you know,

  • these last three examples. These are good ones for empathy. Now that I am a parent

  • I have more empathy for parents who must deal with screaming children. Because now

  • you know. what it's like to be in that position.

  • I've often hear a lot of young people say this sometimes . What's wrong with

  • those parents ? Can't they take care of that screaming child ? Until you're in that

  • position. Well you, you may not realize how how difficult it is to sometimes

  • control children when they want to misbehave. All right. Let's look at number

  • six. I have empathy for her because I had the same exact experience. Yeah. So

  • again it wouldn't be entirely wrong to use sympathy in these situations. But

  • empathy you know, really has a deeper meaning that you really relate to them

  • more. Again you put, you're putting yourself in their shoes.

  • All right. And number seven here. She has more empathy for children in an

  • orphanage. You know, that's one of the places that holds orphans. Children where

  • they lost their parents or their parents are gone. Because she was an orphan as a

  • child. Okay good. Anyway , I hope you got it. I hope it was clear. I hope

  • it was informative. Thank you for your time. Bye-bye.

Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Lesson 347. The title of today's lesson is the

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A2 初級

Englidh Tutor Nick Lesson (347) 共感と共感の違い (Englidh Tutor Nick Lesson (347) The Difference Between Sympathy and Empathy)

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    anitawu12 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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