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  • Hey, it's Henry.


  • So this is the last episode of our season.


  • And it turns out, we have some extra money in the budget, and I want to spend that money on myself.


  • So for this episode, we're going to figure out how a person, in this case, me, can spend money to increase their own happiness.


  • Now I know what you're thinking, "Money can't buy happiness." And you're right.


  • Sort of.


  • Studies have found that while having more money greatly affects the happiness for people living in poverty,


  • once someone earns around $75,000 a year, the amount of happiness they get from additional funds flattens out.


  • So someone who makes on average $200,000 a year isn't necessarily that much happier than somebody who makes a middle-class salary, like me.


  • So it's kind of unbelievable to hear that, you know, me doubling my salary wouldn't make me any happier.


  • But while more money doesn't necessarily mean more happiness, how we spend our money does.


  • And like any good reporter, I did a Google search, and watched a TED Talk on happiness by this man, Dr. Robert Waldinger.

    私は優秀なリポーターのように Google で検索して、ロバート・ウォルディンガー博士の幸福についての TED トークを見ました。

  • He's the director of the Harvard Study of Adult Development, a study that started in 1938, and continues until this day,


  • making it possibly the longest study of human happiness ever to have been conducted.


  • We found that many of the things we expect to predict well-being do, like taking care of yourself, taking care of your health, not smoking, not abusing alcohol, okay, exercising.


  • But the surprise was that the quality of our relationships with other people actually keeps us healthier and keeps us alive longer.


  • So we looked at their cholesterol, we looked at their blood pressure at age 50, and we looked at their marital satisfaction.


  • And what we found was that their marital satisfaction was by far the strongest predictor of what they were gonna be like when they were 80.


  • Happiest marriages at 50, predicted better health and happiness at age 80.


  • But to be able to predict across 30 years, that's a big deal, that begins to get at causation.


  • So relationships, it's like exercise in a way, you don't just do it one week, and then you're done, right?


  • That relationships have to be tended to.


  • So your marriage, your friendships, they take work, they take constant attention over time, or they wither away.


  • So how can I buy good relationships?


  • Well, you can't, but, but, that is a question you should ask of the researchers who actually study this.


  • Luckily, these researchers also had TED Talks.

    幸いなことに、これらの研究者は TED Talks もしていました。

  • And have been focusing on that very question: How spending our money affects our happiness?


  • The reason why I believe it's actually very interesting to study spending is because it's so ubiquitous,


  • we all spend and we all actually have a lot of control over our spending.


  • We are going to spend some of our money because we have to, and are we really thinking about spending it in ways that might actually make us happy?


  • And if yes, what can we learn as researchers to help people?


  • So there's a lot of methodology and findings that come from research done by people like Sandra and Michael, but I wanted to boil down some of the biggest takeaways.


  • First off, and this shouldn't come as a surprise, but spend money on building social relationships.


  • Though there is built into our close relationships this element of reciprocity, of giving back and forth,


  • What we're trying to do in our research is say, you can do more of it, actually.


  • So it's probably not useful to give someone $5 and say, "Will you be a closer friend of mine?" because that's not how it works.


  • But it does work to say, "Hey, I really like you, and I'd like to take you out to lunch."

    しかし「君のことが本当に好きなんだ、ランチに誘いたいんだ 」と言うのは効果的です。

  • So if you buy coffee, maybe you might want to spend it on buying coffee for yourself and your friend.


  • Because we know that if you spend it on someone else, you also gain greater happiness.


  • The next big point is to spend more money on experiences and less on things.


  • Tom Gilovich and his colleagues at Cornell, for about a decade now, have been doing research showing that, on average, buying stuff for yourself doesn't do much for your happiness.


  • But buying experiences seems to make us happier.


  • What we see when it comes to actually buying material goods versus experiences is that when we buy our second watch, for example, we might get the spike in happiness,


  • but at some point, this, actually, this effect of happiness goes away.


  • And to some extent, we might even regret at some point spending, investing that much money.


  • Whereas if we have experiences, we can go to a concert, there's this effect of anticipated happiness, and we look forward to going to the concert for two weeks, even like building up to the experience.


  • And then after the experience, we can always go back to it.


  • So we have a memory of the experience.


  • We might even share it with friends, come back to it every once in a while, you know, when we get together for a fun night.


  • And finally, if you've been thinking, "I do want that Apple Watch, and I know it would make me happy," then good, buy it, you should know what makes you happy.

    そして最後に、「あの Apple Watch 欲しいな、幸せになれると思うんだけどな」と思っている場合は、買ってください。何が自分を幸せにしてくれるのか知っておくべきです。

  • If people manage to spend their money in a way that is aligned with their own psychological needs and preferences as reflected by their personality, that seems to be making people happier.


  • If I'm an extrovert, I might be better off spending my money on going out with friends, kind of, having a very social time, spending it on exciting stuff.


  • Versus like a friend of mine who's probably more introverted, what they could do instead is spend it on things that improve their quality me time, so to say.


  • The first thing that we recommend that people do is literally do an audit of your spending.


  • And what's important to you is completely up to you, so I can't say these are the things that should be important to you in life, but you know the things that are important to you in life.


  • And typically, when you look at your spending in this way, you say, "Wow, I should really shift some money from that big category over to this big category."


  • So to recap the big takeaways, in order to spend money to get happiness, first off, know yourself.


  • Are you an introvert, an extrovert? How do you want to spend your money?


  • Second, use your money to build social relationships.


  • And third, put an emphasis on experiences over things.


  • So if I were to analyze myself for my money, if I'm getting the best return,


  • I am a person who loves my family and I love sharing experiences with them around food.


  • So I'm thinking I will spend that extra budget money, you know, for the purposes of the show, to take my mom with me to Italy and we have some fantastic meals.


  • What are we looking at? Yeah, it's--


  • So, it turns out we got like $35.20 left in the budget, so...


  • Hey, Mom, do you want to go to the Olive Garden tonight?

    ねえママ、今夜オリーブ・ガーデン (アメリカのファミレスチェーン店) に行かない?

Hey, it's Henry.


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