初級: TOEIC 250-545
中級: TOEIC 550-780
上級: TOEIC 785-990
increase the number of illegal immigrants in America.
What? How could it possibly?
Here, I'll show you.
Just building a wall would be practically impossible.
This is where it would be.
It would have to stretch over 2,000 miles of rough terrain...
cutting through mountains,
and even people's homes.
And all that destruction is monstrously expensive.
Just building the wall
would cost between $15 and $25 billion.
It would easily be one of the single most
expensive pieces of infrastructure
in American history costing as much as 20 Hoover Dams
or NASA's entire annual budget.
(man) That's one small step for man,
one giant wall for no reason.
Not to mention the astronomical cost
of staffing and maintaining the wall,
which taxpayers like you and your children
will be stuck paying forever.
I paid for the wall.
My father's father paid for the wall.
And one day you will pay for the wall.
Because this is Wall World.
Even just faking the wall for our show
was prohibitively expensive.
Looks like our CGI budget ran out.
Okay, yes, it may be expensive
but that doesn't change the fact
that once we build it, it will work.
Not like you think.
Increasing security at the border
will never stop illegal immigration.
No one's getting passed me.
Yes, they are because it's estimated that
between 27% and 40% of all undocumented immigrants
in America came here on planes.
I forgot about planes.
These immigrants didn't sneak over the border.
They came here legally through passport control,
then just overstayed their visas.
And guess what? A border wall's
not gonna stop 'em because, reminder...
You forgot about planes!
We always forget about planes!
Even by your estimate of visa overstays,
the wall would still
stop about half
of America's 11 million illegal immigrants.
No, it wouldn't.
'Cause of a little something called circular flow.
Here, I'll show you.
For decades, immigration to the U.S. was a circular flow.
People would come,
work for a bit
and then after they were done, go home to their families.
Meet Douglas Massey.
My arms were getting pretty tired waiting for my cue.
He's a professor at Princeton
and a pioneering researcher on this topic.
When the Reagan, Bush and Clinton administrations
drastically increased border
enforcement in response
to public opinion,
they stopped that circular flow.
Not by keeping people out, but by keeping people in.
(Douglas) As it got harder and harder to go back and forth,
the border decided
they were much better off just staying in the U.S.
If I go back to Mexico now,
he won't let me back in the U.S.
I guess I'll just stay here...
Ironically, this increase
in border enforcement
caused the number of undocumented immigrants
living in the United States to skyrocket by 248%.
It's counterintuitive, but building a wall
wouldn't stop people from coming in.
It would actually stop them from going back.
In fact, the whole idea of
building a border wall
The Mexican economy is doing quite well right now
and population growth has slowed way down.
So, there's not much pressure to emigrate.
The number of illegal border crossings
is actually at an all-time low.
If you're a professor, then why are you in the desert?
I'm not, I'm a mirage.
Look, umanity discovered vast deposits
of fuel buried deep within the earth.
We learned to extract it, burn it for energy,
and release it into the air,
and about 150 years ago,
we rebuilt our entire civilization
around that energy source.
We burn it to travel, we burn it to eat,
we burn it to live.
Fossil fuels brought about one of the greatest increases
in standard of living in human history.
We could never go back.
But by burning this incredible fuel source,
we are also inexorably heating the earth.
2015 was the hottest year
since we started keeping records in 1880.
And thanks to rising ocean temperatures,
average sea levels have already risen
about eight inches.
And we're in for a lot worse.
This is Dale Jamieson.
He's a professor of Environmental Studies at NYU.
Wayne, we've already done so much damage to the atmosphere
that we'll be lucky if we can hold the warming
to two degrees Celsius.
Well, that's just the difference
between a jacket and a slightly lighter jacket.
Not to the earth, it isn't.
Just two degrees of warming could cause huge draughts,
massive wildfires, the loss of many species,
the collapse of our agricultural productivity,
and the rising sea levels
could make our coastal cities uninhabitable.
And remember, two degrees of warming
is the best we can realistically hope for.
The question isn't, will warming happen?
The question is, how bad will it be?
Isn't there something
I can do?
The sad truth is that we've already put
so much carbon dioxide in the atmosphere
that we're more than halfway towards
that two-degree centigrade limit.
And right now, companies and countries already own
enough fossil fuel in reserves
to meet that limit five times over.
Five times over?
To keep it in the ground,
they'd have to give up trillions of dollars
and we'd have to change our entire way of life.
And what happens
if we burn it?
What happens to our planet then?
I don't know, but it won't be our planet anymore.
What happens to our planetible.?
What could be the downside?
Oh, there are a ton.
For starters, how 'bout the fact that this place
rips off folks like you every day.
I know the hospital is expensive,
but it is worth it if I get the best treatment.
No, it isn't.
American health care is not the best in the world.
But despite that, we spend more per person annually
on health care than any other developed nation.
And a big part of the reason for that
is that American hospitals overcharge patients massively.
(music playing, cheering and applause)
This neck brace is worth $20.
But the hospital charged him... $154.
This I.V. bag cost less than a buck.
But she was charged $137.
These are real prices, folks.
health care costs?
This sounds like the work
of politicians to me.
Was it Obamacare?
Trump Aid, McConnell Med?
What did you do?!
I'm not a politician.
I'm just a boring white guy.
Why does this keep happening?
Sorry, Rachel, but this time,
it's not the politicians' fault.
The problem starts with something called
The Chargemaster is a secret document full of insane prices
that hospitals use to charge us whatever they want.
Let's go on a trip through the history of medical billing.
Well, I'd rather not.
(Adam) A hundred years ago, hospital
pricing was pretty simple.
We take the cost of providing care
and add a little on top to make a profit.
One amputation costs us five bucks.
So we'll charge you 6.50.
But after the rise of insurance companies,
hospital billing got complicated, in part because
these gigantic corporations demanded gigantic discounts.
We send you thousands of patients every day.
So, we want... half off all your prices.
We can't afford that.
So, to please these powerful insurance companies,
hospitals cooked up a plan.
I've got it.
We'll make up a really, high fake price,
and then give you a discount off that.
Hey, as long as I get to tell my boss we got it cheaper.
(Adam) And in less than a century,
health care prices went from reasonable to nonsensical.
Let's make one Tylenol $37.
Three stitches, $2200.
Ooh, here's a pitch.
What if we made
rectal exams 69--
Nah, that's too silly even for me.
These crazily inflated prices
are kept in the hospital's
It's actually a computer file. But the book is more dramatic.
$7 for a single alcohol swab? That's ridiculous.
Well, I only pay my premium.
If they wanna rip off my insurance company with their fake prices, what do I care?
If you ever lose insurance, you'll care.
Because here's the really evil part.
If you don't have insurance,
you actually get charged these fake prices.
(studio audience cheering and applauding)
Let's see, heart X-rays.
That'll be $33,000.
I can't afford that.
No problem, we'll just garnish your wages.
Wait, they actually charge people without insurance
That is terrible.
Well, thankfully, I have insurance,
so the Chargemaster doesn't affect me.
Unfortunately, it does.
Even if you're insured, you can get billed
Chargemaster prices if you go out-of-network.
And anything can be
The hospital you go to, the equipment used to treat you.
Even the doctors you see.
Out-of-network, I am very expensive.
Hospitals make a ton of money
It's a real cash cow and we all get milked.
Worse, every hospital has its own Chargemaster.
A treatment that costs 7,000 at one hospital
could cost a hundred grand down the road.
And you can't comparison shop
when you're dying.
Which hospital do you want? 271 00:10:33,032 --> 00:10:33,000 Money Bags Medical
or St. Vincent's Discount Sick House?
Money Bags it is.
Plus, since your insurance company faces inflated costs,
That can trickle down to you in the form of... higher premiums.
Oh, surprisingly painless.
Wait till you get the bill.
How do they Listen, Drew Carey, get away all you adults
always tell us the same thing--
Weed's gonna kill us, it's a gateway drug.
Lying isn't funny.
Oh, no, for most people, weed is essentially harmless.
Whoa-kay, no way, Jose.
Look, I know this stuff
is a little overboard, but...
you can't tell kids weed isn't bad!
Of course I can. It's true.
And we've known it for decades.
Counting deaths from the substance alone,
alcohol kills 88,000 people a year.
Tobacco kills 480,000.
And marijuana kills absolutely no one.
Uh, according to curriculum,
marijuana can get you hooked on harder substances.
It's a gateway drug.
Yeah, educators have been saying that for years,
but it's not true.
Most people who try marijuana
don't even continue smoking marijuana.
This dude knows what's up.
Now, that doesn't mean that it's perfectly safe.
Dude, I thought you were cool.
Oh, I wish! If you're under 25,
smoking weed can lead to memory problems
But if you're an adult,
and your brain
has finished developing,
it's really your choice.
Adam, wrong way. Also, not in a school.
Sorry, I usually only smoke at parties,
and I'm rarely invited to them.
Yeah, wonder why.
The truth is, if you know the risks
and you use it in moderation, weed is no big deal.
And, in fact, humans have been using it for millennia.
Humans started growing cannabis
as a crop
over 8,000 years ago.
This crop will feed our family for a year,
and this crop will make movies way funnier.
(Adam) In 440 BCE, Herodotus wrote about
the ancient tradition of cannabis steam baths.
as a wise man
once told me, VapeLife!
And in America, for many years
marijuana was available
in over-the-counter medications.
Step right up and try
Professor Horkorium's Rejuvenating Tincture!
Now with the Arab hashish.
For most of America's history,
weed was legal. No one cared about it.
All right, so what changed?
I mean, there must be some reason we banned it.
Oh, there is. And it's real weird.
Enter Harry Anslinger, commissioner of
the Federal Bureau of Narcotics
and a staunch prohibitionist.
Our funding has been cut! They'll shut me down
if I don't find
a new chemical to demonize.
Let's see, what are people scared of for no good reason?
And Mexicans smoke marijuana!
That's it! Hey, racist mob...
Marijuana makes Mexicans thirst for white blood.
Spread the word!
Anslinger used that racism to fuel
a propaganda campaign against the drug,
testifying before Congress...
Marijuana is an addictive drug
which produces in its users
(Adam) Soon, the "Marijuana causes violence" meme
was everywhere, from newspapers to movies...
Just a young boy. Under the influence of the drug,
he killed his entire family with an axe.
...to subtle political cartoons.
What does that even mean?
Why would he just say the words, "Nazi propaganda"?
Honestly, no idea. But, it worked.
In 1937, Congress banned marijuana
and later, with Anslinger's help,
they passed the first
mandatory minimum sentencing laws
which made it so that your first time
getting caught with this
could put you away from two to ten years.
Mm, thank you, that's what I thought.
(Adam) And the true irony is,
the government knew Anslinger's claims were false.
Scientists proved marijuana wasn't connected to violence
or insanity in the '40s.
And in 1973,
a bipartisan commission
recommended Nixon decriminalize it.
But, Nixon being Nixon...
Mr. President, literally everyone agrees,
marijuana is safe.
Out! Get out!
I have zero chill!
The war on drugs
I don't understand. If he knew it was safe,
why would he be so tough
Well, why don't you ask
Nixon's aide, John Ehrlichman.
He said, in 1994...
We knew we couldn't
make it illegal
to be either against the war or black,
but by getting the public to associate the hippies
and blacks with heroin...
Did we know we were lying about the drugs?
That's a real quote?
That's a real quote.
Nixon started the war on drugs
to bully his political enemies and minorities.
His own aide admitted it.
I can't believe I've been teaching this to children.
At lea has devastas
on prisoners' mental health.
In solitary, you're kept alone
for 23 hours a day
in a room the size of a king-size bed.
Well, that doesn't sound
Me and Murph share a queen.
Wait, where are those voices coming from?
Oh, no, oh, gosh. I'm seeing things.
It's an archaic and cruel form of punishment
that started in the 1800s.
Eh, something to watch,
Solitary confinement was conceived by Quakers,
who thought prisoners would use the time
to reflect and study the Bible.
You know, I've been meaning to read this.
But even they decided
it was too cruel to use.
The Supreme Court at the time declared...
"Prisoners subject to solitary confinement
became violently insane; others committed suicide."
Ugh. We gotta stop doing this.
(Adam) We did stop.
Solitary confinement fell out of use
in the U.S. for a century,
but a few decades ago, we brought it back,
and it's been destroying minds ever since.
I mean, that sounds a little hyperbolic.
Yeah, maybe. What do I know?
I'm just a hallucination.
Is anyone here?
(Adam's voice) Humans are social animals,
and a prolonged lack of social contact
can cause serious and permanent brain damage.
People held in solitary hallucinate,
fall into depression,
and lose the ability to keep track
of how much time has passed.
How long have I been in here?
Oh, I'm really losing it.
Psst! Emily, you okay in there?
Kendra! Oh, thank God!
Why am I even here?
I thought solitary was for the worst of the worst.
Nope, solitary confinement
is routinely used in our prison system.
It's basically given to anyone
the guards don't want to deal with.
The mentally ill.
I wouldn't eat dinner.
We had it coming!
Man, if I'm gonna hallucinate
a Tony award-winning musical,
why couldn't it be "Hamilton"?
Solitary confinement is given
to between 80,000 to 100,000 people a year.
There are actually entire prisons
made up of nothing but solitary cells.
They're called supermax prisons.
full of people held in tiny cages like animals,
slowly being driven insane.
(Kendra) They may be criminals,
but they don't deserve this.
Ooh, it's okay, heh.
(gasps) Ah, wait.
Is that formula?
No, tell me you're breastfeeding.
Oh, um, well, I tried.
But he kind of was having a hard time latching at the hospital,
and the nurse says it was okay that I supplement, so...
Um, formula is toxic. You have to breastfeed.
Ugh, no way.
I hate when people breastfeed in public.
Do that at home, nobody wants to see that.
Um, excuse me?
It's totally natural, women have been doing it
Tell them which one is right.
Oh, oh, no way am I getting in the middle of this.
I heard formula has autism in it.
Hi, Miss Murphy.
How many kids
do you knuckYou, you're gonnm
where and when she can feed her baby?
Get a life!
Breastfeeding is normal,
natural, and great.
And you, how dare you judge how a mom feeds her kid.
Formula isn't just healthy and safe,
it's a literal lifesaver.
Emily, let me show you.
Knowledge from a primary source.
the only way to feed your baby
was to breastfeed.
And forget about getting anything else done
because breastfeeding takes 35 hours a week.
What? That's like a full-time job.
And the worst thing is, if you couldn't breastfeed,
there weren't any other good options.
(Irish accent) My teat's all tapped.
Looks like bread soaked in water
for you little spud.
This is a real thing people did.
Babies grew up malnourished or died
if their moms couldn't breastfeed.
Oh, that's horrible.
Then, in 1865,
this friggin' Albert Einstein
named Justus von Liebig,
invented baby formula.
Ma'am, your babe shall no longer dine on duck food.
Instead, he will dine... on science.
Formula allowed women to leave the house
or join the workforce.
But most importantly, it saved babies' lives.
Look out, world,
here we come!
Okay, but isn't formula just a bunch of chemicals?
Well, yeah, Emily, it is,
because literally everything is a bunch of chemicals.
Breast milk is also chemicals.
The question is whether those chemicals
are nutritionally different.
And the answer is no.
Meet professor and lactation expert Courtney Jung.
Formula is a safe and nutritionally complete
alternative to breast milk.
For things like IQ, asthma, allergies, eczema,
once you account for income and education,
there's almost no difference
between breastfeeding and formula feeding.
The evidence that breastfeeding
makes a difference
is just inconclusive.
Oh, yeah. I formula-fed Murph.
I breastfed his brother Durph,
and they're both idiots.
(Murph) Aw, Mom!
Durph just threw a bocce ball at me!
Hey, dude, look hesae
and nutritious alternative to breastfeeding.
If you want or need to feed your baby formula,
do it with confidence.
Wow. Thank you.
Thanks, Professor Jung.
What about places where they don't have access to clean water?
Good question, hairball.
Mixing contaminated water with formula can be harmful.
But if you use clean water
and sterilized bottles,
it's a completely safe and nutritious option.
Not so fast.
I read mommy blogs, like, for fun.
And they say that breastfeeding actually makes your baby
love you more because it releases a bonding chemical
Oh, oh, can I take this one?
Oxytocin is a hormone
that gets released
when you do things like hug or cuddle.
That's why the media loves to call it "the love hormone."
But that same hormone is also released
when you do things like
fire a gun or watch porn.
That's because hormones
are complim 2008,
there is no convincing support for a connection between
breastfeeding and the quality of the mother-infant relationship.
Breastfeeding is a great way
to bond with your baby.
But it's not the only one.
And the fact is
not all women can do it.
15% of moms can't breastfeed,
not to mention the parents
who foster and adopt.
So, the next time someone
tries to guilt trip you
or any other parent about how they feed their baby,
you tell them they can eat my feet.
you tell them Christopher Columbus,et.t
the heroic explorer who discovered America
and proved the Earth was round.
Actually, Columbus was an incompetent buffoon
who never even set foot in America.
We all know Columbus wasn't perfect.
That's an understatement.
The real story of Columbus is even worse
and weirder than you think.
All aboard the Magic Van!
First of all, Columbus couldn't have discovered
that the Earth was round
because in his time, it was already common knowledge.
Globes for sale.
Perfectly ordinary globes for sale.
Then why did it take until 1492
for anyone to sail the ocean blue?
Simple, back then they didn't know the Americas existed.
So navigators thought there was no way
a ship could make it all the way from Europe to Asia.
So Columbus set sail because he was brave.
Nope, he set sail because he was a doofus
who was terrible at math.
Instead of trusting the experts,
Columbus believed the Earth was thousands of miles smaller
than it actually was.
Fools, all of them!
My math says the Earth is teeny tiny
and shaped like a pear.
And at the top,
it has a succulent nipple.
He actually believed that?
Yes, I actually believe this.
I can sail from Europe to India
in a matter of days.
That's extremely wrong.
It took years for Columbus to convince the king and queen
his plan didn't suck.
But competition in the spice trade was getting intense.
So Ferdinand and Isabella were desperate to find
a new way to get their fix.
The Earth is tiny and also a pear.
Give me money, please.
This man is an idiot.
(sniffing) I don't care.
Fine, give this moron the bare minimum,
90 dumb men and three dumb ships.
If you die, who cares?
Right, and that's when Columbus showed them all
and became a hero.
You know what happens to mouthy students?
They get extra credit?
I turn them into iguanas.
Say hi, Edward.
(straining) Kill me.
Now, children, that's the Nina, the Pinta,
and the Santa Maria,
the ships Columbus sailed to discover America.
I'm really sorry, Ms. Dazzle,
but Columbus never set foot in America.
Of all the modern-day countries Columbus made it to,
like Cuba, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic,
none of them were in the United States.
Then, uh, Columbus discovered Haiti
and the Dominican Republic.
Sure, he did.
If you don't count the quarter-million Taino people
that lived there already.
Uh, occupied. Someone lives here.
Right, I know this part.
He thought he made it to India.
Aha, this is India and these people are Indians.
I will be rich in spices and gold.
(laughs) What a silly mistake.
Yes, if by "silly," you mean brutal,
and by "a mistake," you mean one of several.
The Taino treated Columbus and his crew
with the utmost hospitality.
We need reinforcements!
Columbus repaid their kindness
by returning with 17 ships and 1,200 men
so he could enslave the Taino and steal their gold.
There was only one problem, they didn't have any.
You, gold. Now!
Oh, I want to help, but what is gold?
This infuriated Columbus.
And soon, he and his crew began to slaughter them.
This is very inappropriate
for me to see.
(Adam) Columbus's regime was so senselessly brutal
that by 1542, the Taino population on the island
had fallen to 200.
I can't believe it.
I had no clue that Columbus was this cruel.
But after this, he must've gone on to do great things, hmm?
Nope, this was literally all he did.
He didn't discover America
and he didn't prove the Earth was round.
He just bounced around the Caribbean,
slaughtered a bunch of innocent people,
and died thinking he had made it to India.
Hashtag, no regrets.
Then why do we learn about this guy in school?
Oh, great question.
For centuries, Columbus was a historical footnote.
But that changed in 1828 when Washington Irving,
the author of "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow"
and other tall tales,
wrote the first English-language biography of Columbus.
"Columbus was a murderous failure"?
That ain't gonna sell copies.
Let's say he was a brave genius who proved the Earth was round
and discovered America.
Hmm, seems believable.
And Irving's myth caught on bil hasd
to control and criminalize
people of color.
(cash register cha-ching)
(Adam) In the early years of our country,
many colonies and states had laws
barring Native Americans and free black people
from buying or owning guns.
What? But I have a receipt.
(Adam) And racist fears of black people
have continued to inform our gun control laws.
In 1960s California, the Black Panthers
resisted police violence in Oakland
by patrolling the city with guns.
We have a right to protect our communities
against police officers abusing their power.
Defending yourself against a tyrannical government,
I'm all about that.
Well, state lawmakers responded
by passing a bill that banned open carry.
The bill applied to all Californians
but it was meant to blatantly target the Black Panthers.
And that bill was signed by then California governor
and NRA member, Ronald Reagan.
I'm just not comfortable with certain people carrying guns.
(chuckles) For, uh... reasons.
Babe, I'm so sorry.
I had no idea gun control used to be so racist.
Is that what you told her?
Well, I wasn't done.
So, not my responsibility to teach white people
they own racist ass history.
All right, white Urkel, I'll take it from here.
And thanks for the compliment.
Sarah, even today a lot of gun control laws
really end up being about controlling black people.
In the mid-2000s,
the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms
performed 10 years of stings to combat gun crime.
A full analysis found that
91% of people arrested
were people of color.
And we're not just talking about the red states.
For years, New York City had an official policy
to stop black and brown people on the street
just to see if they might have guns or drugs.
(police siren whoops)
Sir, you're in a public place
and you look... you know, dangerous.
What? Oh. Sir?
Records show that these stops almost never found guns.
Between '04 and 2012,
4.4 million people were stopped,
but only 1.5% of them had weapons.
Men in my family have gotten jaywalking tickets
from the NYPD after they didn't find anything
in the stop and frisk.
They weren't stopping criminals,
they were just stopping black people.
Eva, I'm sorry. I had no idea.
You've never talked about it.
It's not her responsibility to talk about it,
it's our responsibility as a country.
This is James Forman, Jr., Pulitzer Prize winner
and author of the book "Locking Up Our Own."
There's a connection between the overly punitive
gun sentencing laws that were passed in the 1970s,
1980s, and 1990s
and the current crisis of mass incarceration.
Instead of national gun control laws
that could stop the flood of available guns,
we have local laws that penalize possession.
And those laws are mostly passed in cities.
So, the result is that guns are everywhere,
violence is rampant, and the only people
who go to prison for possessing guns
are poor people of color in our nation's cities.
Black people face the highest rates of deaths by guns.
But instead of protecting the families and neighborhoods
who face the most gun violence,
our current gun laws just double down on destroying them.
And that's why we shouldn't talk about new gun penalties
without first talking about
how we transform our criminal legal system.
All right, Adam, I got to get to my Thanksgiving dinner.
Well, I think we all learned
a valuable lesson about gun control.
There's something you need to realize too.
Gun rights don't protect black people either.
Take the stand your ground law
the NRA pushed legislators to pass in Florida.
It says use of deadly force is justified to defend yourself
in your home or car even if you can run away.
But in practice, not everyone gets to use it.
Marissa Alexander was sentenced
to 20 years in prison
just for firing a warning shot
to defend herself against her abusive husband.
Stand your ground didn't help her.
Or look at what happened to Philando Castile.
During a routine traffic pullover,
he informed the police officer that he had his gun on him.
And the cop shot and killed him in front of his girlfriend
and her four-year-old daughter.
But I drive with my weapon every day.
That's not against the law.
Okay, so imagine I'm a police officer
pulling you over and you're Philando Castile.
Do you have your license and insurance?
Yes, officer, I do have to tell you
I do have a firearm on me.
Okay, don't reach for it then.
Don't pull it out.
I'm not pulling it out.
He's not pulling it out.
Don't pull it out.
That is the exact moment Philando Castile was shot.
He did everything that responsible gun owners
are supposed to do.
And the NRA didn't come to his defense.
For all their talk about protecting gun rights,
they sure are quiet when black people are gunned down
for exercising them.
So, Dan, I'm frustrated
Adam Ruins Everything - Most Controversial Ruins (Mashup) | truTV
2019 年 6 月 30 日 に公開
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