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Neil: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Neil.
Rob: And I'm Rob.
Neil: You look tired, Rob.
Rob: Well,
I didn't sleep well last night.
I was tossing and turning all night,
but I couldn't get to sleep.
Neil: Well, that's a coincidence, as our topic
today is insomnia
- the condition some people suffer from when they find
it difficult to get to sleep when they go to bed.
Rob: Thankfully I don't really have insomnia,
but every now and again, I find it difficult to get to sleep.
Neil: Well, keep listening and we might have some
advice to help with that, but first, a question:
What is the record for the longest a human
has gone without sleep? Is it:
A) about seven days?
B) about nine days? Or
C) about 11 days?
What do you think, Rob?
Rob: All of those seem impossible!
So I've got to go with the shortest - about seven days.
Neil: Well, if you can stay awake long enough,
I'll let you know at the end of the programme.
Dr Michael Grandner is an expert in all things
to do with sleep.
He was interviewed recently on the BBC radio
programme Business Daily.
He was asked what his best tip was to help
you get to sleep if you are finding it difficult.
What was his suggestion?
Dr Michael Grandner: And it sounds counter-intuitive,
but trust me I've got decades of data behind
this statement:
If you cannot sleep, get out of bed.
Neil: So Rob, how does he suggest you help yourself
to get to sleep?
Rob: Well actually, he says that the best thing
to do is to get out of bed!
Neil: That sounds exactly the opposite of what you
should do, doesn't it?
Rob: Well, he does say that his advice is
counter-intuitive, which means exactly that.
That it is the opposite of what you might expect.
Neil: And he says that this advice is backed up
by decades of research.
A decade is a period of 10 years
and when we say 'decades',
it's a general term for many years, at least 20.
Let's hear that advice again from Dr Grandner.
Dr Michael Grandner: And it sounds counter-intuitive,
but trust me I've got decades of data
behind this statement:
If you cannot sleep, get out of bed.
Neil: So why is getting out of bed good advice?
Here's the explanation from Dr Grandner.
Dr Michael Grandner: When you're in bed
and you're not asleep
and you do that over, and over, and over again
for extended periods of time,
the ability of the bed to put you to sleep
starts getting diluted.
Not only that, it starts getting replaced
by thinking, and tossing and turning, and worrying,
and doing all these things. When you're not asleep,
get out of bed. This is probably one of the most
effective ways to prevent chronic insomnia.
It's also one of the really effective ways to treat it.
It won't work 100% of the time,
but it will actually work more than most people think.
Neil: We normally sleep in beds.
Beds are designed to make it easy to sleep,
but if we can't sleep,
that makes the bed's impact weaker.
As Dr Grandner says, 'it dilutes the power of the bed
to help us sleep'.
Rob: When you dilute something, you make it weaker.
For example, you can dilute the strength of a strong fruit
juice by adding water to it.
Neil: So if we stay in bed, tossing and turning,
which is the expression we use to describe
moving around in the bed trying to get to sleep,
we begin to think of the bed as place where we don't
sleep rather than as a place where we do sleep.
So, get out of bed to break the connection.
Rob: This he says is a positive way to approach
chronic insomnia.
'Chronic' is an adjective that is used to describe
conditions that are long-lasting.
So we're not talking here about
occasionally not being able to get to sleep,
but a condition where it happens every night.
Neil: Let's hear Dr Grandner again.
Dr Michael Grandner: When you're in bed
and you're not asleep
and you do that over, and over, and over again
for extended periods of time,
the ability of the bed to put you to sleep
starts getting diluted.
Not only that, it starts getting replaced
by thinking, and tossing and turning, and worrying,
and doing all these things. When you're not asleep,
get out of bed. This is probably one of the most
effective ways to prevent chronic insomnia.
It's also one of the really effective ways to treat it.
It won't work 100% of the time,
but it will actually work more than most people think.
Neil: Time to review today's vocabulary, but first,
let's have the answer to the quiz question.
What is the record for the longest a human
has gone without sleep? Is it:
A) about seven days?
B) about nine days?
C) about 11 days?
What did you think, Rob?
Rob: I thought it must be about seven days.
Neil: Well, I'm afraid you're not right.
The answer, rather amazingly, is actually
just over 11 days.
Extra bonus points for anyone who knew that that
was done in 1964 by someone called Randy Gardner.
Rob: That's extraordinary.
It's difficult to imagine even going a couple of
days without sleep, but 11!
I wonder how long he slept for after that!
Neil: 14 hours and 40 minutes.
Rob: You've got all the answers, haven't you?
Neil: Well when I can't sleep, I get up and read trivia!
And now it's time for the vocabulary.
Today our topic has been 'insomnia'.
Rob: This is the word for the condition of not
being able to sleep.
And something that people do
when they are trying to sleep is 'toss and turn' in bed.
Neil: The opposite of what seems logical or obvious
is counter-intuitive.
It goes against what you might expect.
So if you can't sleep, get out of bed.
Rob: Our next word is 'diluted'.
This is from the verb 'to dilute'
which means 'to make something less strong'.
Neil: And finally there was the adjective 'chronic'.
This is an expression for a medical condition
that is long-lasting.
So someone who has chronic insomnia
regularly has difficulty getting enough sleep.
It's not just something that happens now and again.
Rob: Well, we hope that 6 Minute English isn't
a cure for insomnia,
but I do find listening to podcasts and spoken radio
helps me get to sleep.
Neil: Well, before we all drop off to sleep from
the comforting tone of your voice, Rob,
it's time for us to say goodbye.
That's it for this programme.
For more, find us on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram
and our Youtube pages, and of course our website:
bbclearningenglish.com,
where you can find all kinds of other programmes
and videos and activities to help you
improve your English.
Thank you for joining us, and goodbye.
Rob: Bye!
コツ:単語をクリックしてすぐ意味を調べられます!

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What to do when you can't sleep: 6 Minute English

389 タグ追加 保存
odo1025q 2019 年 6 月 17 日 に公開
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