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  • Hi.

  • I'm Vanessa from SpeakEnglishWithVanessa.com.

  • Are you ready to talk about vacation?

  • Let's do it.

  • Today, I'm in beautiful sunny Costa Rica.

  • Usually, I don't film these videos outside, so I'm sorry if there's some wind.

  • You're going to hear some birds, some trees rustling.

  • It's all part of nature, right?

  • Hopefully, it will help you to relax and enjoy today's lesson.

  • We're going to be talking about how to describe your vacation in English.

  • Usually vacations have positive parts, and sometimes a negative parts as well, so I hope

  • that the expressions we talk about today will help you to naturally describe it.

  • And also I'm going to show you a little bit around the farm, so you'll get some real practice

  • with these expressions.

  • The two expressions that we're going to talk about today are "to get to do something" and

  • "to have to do something".

  • Today you're going to get to guess some of the wonderful vegetation that's around me

  • on this farm.

  • I'm going to take you on a little tour throughout this lesson, and I want you to guess what

  • the different plants are.

  • Let's talk about that first expression: to get to do something.

  • This expression has a sense of honor, of privilege, kind of a sense of, wow, I get to be in this

  • beautiful nature.

  • Wow, I'm so privileged.

  • I feel honored to be here.

  • You could just use the simple past or the simple present.

  • I am in beautiful nature.

  • But if we want to give a sense of honor, of privilege, wow, I'm so lucky to be here.

  • We can use get to, I get to be in this beautiful nature.

  • What about that second expression: to have to do something?

  • Well, in order to get to this farm, we had to drive on some difficult roads.

  • They weren't always paved.

  • There were a lot of potholes.

  • They were really windy.

  • We had to drive on difficult roads.

  • When we use had to, which is the past version of have to, this says a sense of something

  • difficult, something undesirable, I had to take out the trash.

  • I had to study for my exam.

  • It's something that's a little bit of a burden.

  • So here we have a positive expression.

  • I get to see beautiful nature.

  • We got to see amazing Iguanas on the trail.

  • Or something negative, we had to drive on some difficult roads to get here.

  • We had to pay $15 to get into the park.

  • Before I tell you a little story about my experience here in Costa Rica, let's go to

  • our first question, where you get to guess some of the plants around the farm.

  • Alright.

  • First Quiz question.

  • We have this beautiful tree with these interesting things hanging down.

  • Can you guess what this is?

  • What kind of plant is this?

  • You got three seconds.

  • Three, two, one.

  • It is cacao.

  • This is the outside seed, the outside pod where you'll find chocolate.

  • I hope you enjoyed that first little quiz question.

  • There's going to be three different quiz questions throughout this lesson.

  • Let me tell you a little story about the first night that we arrived in this city.

  • When we got to the farm, the farmer helped us to find the house that we were staying

  • at.

  • It's a little bungalow, a little cabin on his property.

  • And when he tried to open the gate, he couldn't open it.

  • He tried one key, then he tried another.

  • And he ran back to his farm, and we had to wait for about 15 minutes while he looked

  • for the key.

  • And then he came back with a key.

  • He was so excited.

  • He tried to open the gate, and it didn't work.

  • Well, he said you're probably going to have to wait for another hour, while we work out

  • this problem with the key.

  • For a moment, I was just a little bit worried because we have a toddler, and we'd been driving

  • all day, so we wanted to just open the door and let him run free finally.

  • But then he said to us, "Well, we have a dinner available at our eating area.

  • Would you like to be our guests for dinner?"

  • Yes, of course we would, so we got to have an amazing dinner at the farm.

  • We had some rice, and beans, and plantains, and chicken, and some guava juice, all produced

  • on the farm.

  • It was our luck really that we got to eat that dinner with them, because we had no plans

  • for dinner.

  • We were kind of worried what we were going to eat, because we just arrived here after

  • a long day of traveling.

  • So because of this problem with the key, he had defined the key somehow somewhere.

  • We got to have a great experience.

  • Before we talk about the grammatical structure of get to and have to, let's go onto the second

  • quiz question.

  • Quiz question number two.

  • We've got these interesting plants here with these little flowers.

  • What do you think these flowers we'll do some day when they're not flowers?

  • What will they become?

  • What will this plant produce?

  • Something quite important that probably a lot of you enjoy every day.

  • Let's take a look at these.

  • I'll give you three seconds.

  • Three, two, one.

  • It's coffee.

  • This is a coffee plant.

  • The farm here has a lot of coffee as you saw also cacao, and we'll see a third one in just

  • a moment.

  • Did you enjoy that second quiz question?

  • I hope so.

  • Let's talk about the grammatical structure of using get, and have in the sense of something

  • positive, or something negative happening.

  • We got to eat dinner on the farm.

  • He had to look for the key.

  • Here we're conjugating that special word get and have into the past tense.

  • And do you see what's happening after that?

  • We got to eat, make sure that you add to and then an unconjugated verb.

  • We got to eat.

  • He had to look for the key.

  • Beautiful.

  • Now that you know how to correctly, grammatically construct a sentence using get to and have

  • to, let's go on to our third quiz question and then I'll tell you a final story about

  • our trip using these beautiful expressions.

  • For our third quiz question, it's quite obvious.

  • So I want to show you the base of the tree first, and as we go up the tree start thinking

  • about what is it?

  • What is this going to produce?

  • Oh, here we can see a little flower hanging down.

  • What is it?

  • What is it?

  • Are you ready to guess?

  • Three, two, one.

  • It's bananas.

  • So beautiful.

  • I didn't know that so many grew in a bunch like that, it's wonderful.

  • I hope you enjoyed that third quiz question, and this little mini tour of the farm.

  • It's really nice to see nature in other areas around the world.

  • Now that you know what get to and have to mean, and you know the correct grammatical

  • structure, let me tell you another quick story about something that we did today, and something

  • that we plan to do in the future so that you can see the different verb tenses for get

  • and have.

  • This morning we got to see an amazing waterfall.

  • It's one of the famous attractions of this area in Costa Rica, but to get to the waterfall,

  • you have to walk down 500 steps.

  • And then to go back to your car you have to walk up 500 steps.

  • But it was really cool because we got to see the waterfall and then we walked a little

  • bit down the path, and we got to really relax and feel refreshed, and wade into the water.

  • It was quite cold.

  • There were a lot of fish.

  • It was tons of fun, and a great part was we didn't have to drive too far from the farm.

  • It was just about 15 minutes.

  • So not too bad.

  • Over the next couple of days.

  • We hope that we'll get to see some more animals, maybe some slots, maybe some more monkeys,

  • and more iguanas, maybe an anteater or two, some parrots, maybe some macaws.

  • That would be amazing if we get to see those.

  • So we're going to go to a national park and then we're going to maybe get to go to a hanging

  • bridge park.

  • Maybe we'll get to go to the lake.

  • We'll see, but you have to drive a little bit of a distance, maybe 30 minutes, an hour,

  • an hour and a half to get to those locations.

  • But I think it'll be worth it.

  • We've already gotten to do a lot of cool stuff in Costa Rica, and I hope that we'll get to

  • other cool things in the next couple days.

  • Thanks so much for joining me here on my vacation.

  • I have a question for you, can you use get to and have to, to talk about a future vacation

  • or maybe a past vacation?

  • Let us know in the comments.

  • Try to create a sentence.

  • You can use, get in the past, have to in the future.

  • You can use it however you would like to fit your circumstance.

  • Thanks so much for learning English with me, and I'll see you the next time for a new lesson

  • here on my YouTube channel next Friday.

  • Bye.

  • There are a couple of other things on the farm that I'm not sure what they are, so if

  • you know what they are, let me know.

  • This is the first one.

  • It's these long seed-like pods.

  • It kind of looks like hair almost with little seeds, little berries hanging off of it.

  • Do you know what that is?

  • Another plant that I've seen around the farm that I'm not sure what it is.

  • Is this plant.

  • It's got these really cute orange vegetables or maybe it's fruit.

  • It looks like it could be a pepper, maybe some kind of gourd.

  • And the plant is spiky.

  • It's got really big thorns.

  • Let me know if you know what it is.

  • Donkeys.

  • And of course we've got to say hi to the donkeys.

  • Would you like some food?

  • Please don't bite my finger.

  • Mommy.

  • Want some water?

  • Mommy?

  • Mm-hmm (affirmative).

  • Mommy.

  • I love you.

  • The next step is to download my free ebook, Five Steps to Becoming a Confident English

  • Speaker.

  • You'll learn what you need to do to speak confidently and fluently.

  • Don't forget to subscribe to my YouTube channel for more free lessons.

  • Thanks so much.

  • Bye.

Hi.

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A2 初級

GETとHAVEの使い方:上級者向け英語で休暇を説明する (How to use GET and HAVE: Describe your vacation in advanced English)

  • 43 4
    Chih-Ying Lin に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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