字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Lesson 324. The title of today's lesson is the difference between costly and expensive. Yeah. This is another one that sometimes comes up. Students may say well, what's the difference between costly and expensive ? Because they both seem to refer to a high price. So let's take a look at the note. So we can distinguish about them. All right. Let's look at the definition of expensive first. Expensive is a high price, especially more than you think it's worth or a price that is considerably above the average price of something of this particular quality or this particular standard. So you've probably seen it cheaper other places and for that reason your opinion considers this one to be more expensive. So you don't think it's worth it because maybe other places may sell it at a lower price. So therefore you think it is expensive. Let's continue here. We tend to use expensive for everyday items, services, etc. that we commonly buy. Yeah. So , so as opposed to when we get to the word costly. Costly if when we use it in regard to being a high price, it usually is for things that are almost always a high price. So that there's a difference right there. All right. Let's continue. Look at the note here. Costly has a couple of uses and meanings. All right. So this is another one of costly meanings. First it is used for something that includes loss or something you must give up. Now this is one where it's different from expensive. So in this case you'll probably only use costly and not expensive. So let's give an example here. That was a costly mistake, meaning this mistake probably ended up making you lose money or you lost something else that was probably important to you . Maybe, maybe a guy he maybe cheated on his wife and maybe it ended up costing him his marriage. So it was a costly mistake. So sometimes it's not always specifically even in money but you didn't lose something. You lost something that was important. In this case you could use costly or the second one here. It turned out to be a costly tweet. Ye. We've seen this happen to several famous people now. The company fired her over what she said. So maybe she said something in the tweet that you know, caused a controversy or some some sort of statement. That a lot of people didn't like and maybe she ended up losing her job over this. So she didn't, she didn't specifically pay money for this. She wasn't buying it but it did indeed cause a loss. She lost her job. Okay. Or he lost her job or he lost his job. Either way. All right. Now let's let's continue here. The second meaning of costly is more similar to expensive. It does mean something costs a lot. So here's where there could be a little more confusion, but it is not necessarily overpriced. Just like I said before. We tend to use things for costly that always cost a lot of money or more than fair value. It may actually be fair value for what it is, but you think that you know, when you're saying it's costly it's a high price probably more than you can afford to pay. Probably, so it usually implies that it is a high price because of the quality or rarity of some things. So in this sense you might think that you know, well it's the high price but you know just that's just the way it is with this particular item or service. Okay. Let's continue. All right. So we give one example in this you know, precious stones, You know things like diamonds or rubies or sapphires. Precious stones are beautiful but unfortunately, they are also costly. Costly in this sense meaning yeah the price is just too high. They are far beyond my budget. So it's , it's not like you you think this , this particular one that's being sold here ...maybe some somewhere else it's cheaper. You just think it's it's always too expensive when you're saying it this way.Okay could there be a possibility where you think both. Where you think that , that it's higher than the normal price and that it is high. Yeah. So there is a little crossover sometimes. But here again. The focus is on that. It's just always a high price and then maybe you know, because of that. It makes it hard for you to be willing to spend your money on that. All right. Let's continue. All right. Now here is where a student could make a mistake here. If they said it is too costly to have your wedding in Hawaii. All right well maybe you know somebody has this dream but you know they're not thinking about it you know, like if you invite all the other guests. All the other guests, they might not be willing to spend money to go to Hawaii . It may cost them a real lot. So in this case, you should just simply say it is too expensive to have your wedding in Hawaii. Yeah. It would just cost too much money. Okay. Let's look at the next one here. That item costs double the price at this store. It is too costly. No. You know, with the X again that's wrong. So with the check. You should say it's too expensive. This is good. This is again probably just an everyday item. A common item and you just think that this store is overpriced their prices are too high you can get it somewhere else. In that case you should just be using expensive and not costly. Okay and I guess we have a last example down here. If you make the price too costly for customers you know, this is probably a business talking. To costly for customers. They will be unwilling to to pay it or to pay the price. So in this case you should say if you make the price too expensive. Yes in this sense. So if you make the price too high. it's above. Yes. Basically. That they can't afford to pay that. So in that sense you should probably use expensive here and not costly. Yeah. Again you're just probably talking about a common item maybe other people who get similar types of items maybe not the same exact one, but when you're looking at this quality and you know the workmanship of this item, it probably doesn't deserve that higher price. So therefore you should use that it's too expensive. Okay. Anyone I hope you got it. I hope now you got a better understanding of when you should use costly and when you should use expensive. Okay I hope it was informative. Thank you for your time. Bye-bye.