字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Noun Phrase 79. The noun phrase today is dead end. Okay. Let's take a look at the note here. We actually have two meanings today. Let's look at the first one. So a dead end is a situation that does not offer any good possibilities of progress or development, especially with jobs. So this one could be said two ways. You could say that job is a dead end or we could say somebody has a dead end job. Where the whole thing becomes like a noun phrase. Or you can almost think of as dead end becomes like an adjective phrase here. But it's very, very common. You know a dead end job of course. That's the type of a job like if you worked in a factory or some sort of job like that where it has very little to no chance of future promotions or advancements and you get stuck in that sort of job for the rest of your life. So that's what we mean by a dead-end job. Okay. So let's take a look at the second meaning of dead end here. A dead end is a road that has no exit. So you can kind of see with the idea of what that we got for the job actually came from the road. I think the road was first. You must make a u-turn in order to get out. So if you actually drive down a dead-end, there's no exit down there. So you have to turn the car completely round and come back out. Okay. It's good to note this too. In a housing complex it's sometimes given the nicer fancy name of cul-de-sac. Yeah. They do this for a couple of reasons. One it sounds like a lot cooler name. When you selling somebody a house you know, you don't know you live in a dead end. It kind of sounds a little negative, but cul-de-sac sounds kind of cool. It sounds like a you know a nice French name. Oh you live in a cul-de-sac . Whoa ! Higher class or something like that. And actually a lot of people do like that sometimes because not, not as much traffic goes through it. Because it's a dead end the only people that commonly or usually drive down it would be people that live on that street. So you don't have too much traffic that's driving through your street. So some people think that's a benefit and they might be willing to may add a little value to the houses that live... that are on that street. All right. Let's go on. All right. We have a number of examples that cover all of this now. So let's take a look at the first one here. You need to learn some new skills or you will always be stuck in a dead-end job. Yeah. That's the way it's often said. You know, you might find somebody out of that that's a dead-end job you got to get out of that. You need to advance. Okay. So let's look at number two. Working in a factory or a convenience store as a clerk is a dead end. So you could say it that way too. You could say the job is a dead end. It's got nowhere to go, very little chance for promotion or advancement. You know, you might get a little raise but it's it's you know hardly anything. You need to find a job in a company that you will have a real chance to advance in. You know to move ahead. To move up. Okay. Good. Okay. Let's look at number three. They were unable to reach an agreement. Their negotiations just came to a dead end. So here we're using dead end and it's not about a job. So negotiations could come to a dead end. So they didn't advance. Maybe they have to give up for now. Maybe try in another year or two years. But the negotiations came to a dead and they could not work out a deal. Okay. Let's look at number 4. Don't drive down that road, it leads to a dead end. So that's the road that's a common way that we would use it. And number 5 here. Well we're just giving you one with the cul-de-sac. So some people who live in housing complexes sometimes like to live in a cul-de-sac because they feel it is more private. Okay. Good. I hope you got it I hope it's clear. Thank you for your time. Bye-bye.