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  • (upbeat music)

  • - Hello, everyone and welcome back to English With Lucy.

  • Today I'm going to talk to you about how to describe,

  • personality and character in English

  • and I'm going to help you with your pronunciation.

  • Before we get started I'd just like to mention,

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  • Right let's get started with the lesson.

  • By the end of this lesson,

  • you will know 72 adjectives that can be used

  • to describe personality and character.

  • I've divided them into positive or approving adjectives

  • and also negative or disapproving adjectives.

  • For each adjective I've included the IPA transcription

  • so you can really focus on the pronunciation

  • and also the definition.

  • Let's start with personality category number one.

  • The adjectives within this first group,

  • describe how willing you are to communicate with others.

  • So we have extroverted, extroverted.

  • Someone who is extroverted is lively and confident

  • and enjoys being around other people.

  • The opposite or the antonym,

  • for this adjective is introverted, introverted.

  • So, this describes somebody who is more interested,

  • in their own thoughts and feelings,

  • than they are in spending time with other people.

  • We also have talkative, talkative.

  • This describes somebody who likes to talk a lot,

  • then on the other hand, we have quiet, quiet

  • which means tending not to talk a lot.

  • Next, confident, confident.

  • This means feeling sure about your ability to do something

  • and be successful and the antonym for this is shy, shy.

  • Someone who is shy is nervous about meeting people

  • or speaking to people.

  • Right our second category talks about

  • how you make others feel.

  • Firstly we have warm, warm.

  • Someone who's warm shows enthusiasm

  • and affection and is friendly.

  • On the other hand we have cold, cold.

  • Be careful with that O vowel sound.

  • I do actually have a video on that

  • which I will link down below.

  • Someone who is cold is without emotion and unfriendly.

  • Next we have kind, kind.

  • This means caring about others, gentle and friendly.

  • On the opposite side we have unkind, unkind.

  • This means unpleasant, unfriendly,

  • maybe even slightly cruel.

  • And then we have sweet, sweet.

  • Someone who is sweet shows a kind character.

  • The opposite is nasty, nasty.

  • A nasty person is an unkind person,

  • the third category is how you treat the feelings of others.

  • First we have considerate, considerate.

  • If you're consider you are always thinking

  • of the feelings of others.

  • If you're not considerate,

  • then you might be inconsiderate, inconsiderate.

  • This means not giving enough thought,

  • about other people's feelings or needs.

  • We also have thoughtful, thoughtful.

  • If you are thoughtful, then you show that you care

  • and consider other people's feelings and needs.

  • The opposite is thoughtless, thoughtless.

  • This means that you don't care,

  • about the possible negative effects

  • of your actions or words.

  • Then we have tactful, tactful.

  • This means that you're careful not to say or do,

  • anything that might upset or anger other people

  • and the antonym for that is tactless, tactless.

  • That's quite a hard one to say with the ct combination.

  • Tact, tactless, this means that you say or do things

  • that might upset or anger other people.

  • Our next category discusses

  • how much people might be able to trust you.

  • First up, we have trustworthy, trustworthy.

  • We use a voiced th sound,

  • I often hear it mispronounced as trustworthy

  • but it should be worthy.

  • Your voice should be constant,

  • it shouldn't cut out at any point.

  • Someone who's trustworthy then it means you can rely on them

  • to be good and honest.

  • On the other hand we have untrustworthy, untrustworthy.

  • This is somebody who cannot be trusted.

  • We also have reliable, reliable.

  • If someone is reliable then you can trust them

  • to do something well.

  • On the other hand, we have unreliable, unreliable,

  • meaning that you cannot trust them to do something well.

  • You can't depend on them.

  • Then we have loyal, loyal.

  • This means remaining faithful and supportive.

  • Then we have disloyal, disloyal.

  • This means not loyal or faithful.

  • Next, we're going to discuss adjectives that describe

  • how honest you are with others.

  • We have sincere, sincere.

  • This means that you show what you really think or feel.

  • On the other hand we have insincere, insincere.

  • If someone is insincere they say or do things

  • that they don't really mean.

  • Next we have frank, frank

  • which can actually sometimes be negative or disapproving

  • as well as approving.

  • So it all depends on the tone of voice or the context.

  • If someone is frank, it means they are honest or direct

  • and there's sometimes at risk

  • of hurting other people's feelings because of this.

  • On the other side we have secretive, secretive.

  • If you're secretive you like to hide your thoughts,

  • feelings and actions and keep them private.

  • Then we have direct, direct and sometimes much like frank,

  • this can also be negative or disapproving,

  • depending on tone of voice and context.

  • If you're direct in means you say exactly what you mean

  • and no one can pretend they haven't understood

  • because it's very, very clear.

  • Then we have not an exact antonym but sneaky, sneaky.

  • This means behaving in a secretive or dishonest way.

  • The next category is how open you are

  • to the views and cultures of others.

  • We'll start with tolerant, tolerant.

  • If you're tolerant it means you're able to accept

  • what other people say or do,

  • even if you don't agree with them.

  • On the other hand we have intolerant, intolerant.

  • This means that you are not willing to accept behaviours

  • or ideas that do not correspond with your beliefs.

  • We have open minded, open minded.

  • If you're open minded,

  • it means you are willing to listen to,

  • accept and think about other ideas.

  • On the other hand, we have narrow minded, narrow minded.

  • This means you are unwilling to listen to new ideas

  • or the opinions of others.

  • And we have unbiased, unbiased.

  • This means that you're fair and not influenced

  • by your own opinions or someone else's opinions.

  • On the other hand, we have biassed, biassed.

  • This means you make unfair judgments

  • and have a tendency to favour a certain group of people.

  • Now we're going to talk about the adjectives,

  • associated with how motivated you are.

  • We have strong willed, strong willed.

  • If you're strong willed it means you are determined to do

  • what you want to do, regardless of what other people say.

  • On the other hand, we have weak willed, weak willed.

  • This means you lack the ability to resist,

  • the influence of others

  • and you can't control your own impulses.

  • We also have determined, determined.

  • This means that you make firm decisions to do things

  • and you don't let anyone dissuade you.

  • On the other hand we have irresolute, irresolute.

  • This means that you are simply not able

  • to decide what to do.

  • And then we have driven, driven.

  • This means you are determined to succeed

  • and are working very hard to do so.

  • On the other hand we have apathetic, apathetic

  • which means you show no interest or enthusiasm.

  • The next category discusses your attitude towards work.

  • We have industrious, industrious.

  • This means hard working or busy.

  • On the other hand we have idle, idle.

  • If you're idle, you are not working hard.

  • We also have ambitious, ambitious.

  • If you're ambitious you're determined to be rich,

  • powerful and all successful.

  • We also have unambitious, unambitious.

  • This means that you are on interested in becoming,

  • rich, powerful or successful.

  • We also have hard working, hard working

  • which means you are willing to work very hard.

  • Or we have lazy, lazy which means that you are unwilling

  • to work or be active.

  • Now let's just discuss adjectives,

  • associated with how good you are

  • at learning and understanding.

  • We have bright, bright which means intelligent

  • or quick to learn.

  • We also have foolish, foolish

  • which means not showing good judgement or sense.

  • There's clever, clever,

  • this is very common in British English.

  • It means you're quick learning and understanding things.

  • On the other hand we have stupid, stupid

  • which means showing a lack of thought or good judgement .

  • And we have intelligent, intelligent

  • which means you are good at learning and understanding

  • and on the other hand we have unintelligent, unintelligent

  • which means you are bad at learning

  • and understanding things.

  • Now let's discuss adjectives that describe

  • how you treat money.

  • We have generous, generous which means that you are willing

  • to give freely.

  • On the other hand we have miserly, miserly.

  • If you're miserly, then you hate to spend money.

  • We have giving, giving which again means,

  • you are willing to give freely

  • and on the other hand we have mean, mean

  • which means you are unwilling to give or to share.

  • We also have frugal, frugal

  • and if you're frugal it means you only use

  • as much food or money as necessary.

  • On the other hand we have extravagant, extravagant

  • which means that you spend a lot more than you can afford.

  • Now let's discuss adjectives

  • which describe your attitude around other people.

  • We have humble, humble.

  • If you're humble you show that you don't think,

  • you are as important as other people.

  • On the opposite side we have arrogant, arrogant

  • which means that you behave in a proud or unpleasant way

  • and think you are better than others.

  • We also have modest, modest.

  • If you're modest then you don't talk much,

  • about your own abilities and achievements.

  • On the other hand we have vain, vain

  • which means you are overly proud of your own appearance,

  • abilities or achievements.

  • The next one submissive, submissive,

  • is both approving or positive and disapproving, negative.

  • Probably leaning more on to the negative side

  • but it means you are too willing to accept authority.

  • You're willing to obey them without question.

  • On the other side, again it's normally negative

  • but it can be positive sometimes, bossy, bossy.

  • This means that you're always telling people what