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  • Hello. Thank you for taking the time to learn about kidney transplant with us today.

  • Whether you're waiting for transplant or recovering, we hope this

  • video will help you better understand the functions of your immune system,

  • why transplanted organs can be rejected, the role of transplant medicines and why

  • it's important to take them. First, we will cover the basics, your immune system

  • and its function. Your immune system is your body's defense mechanism against

  • outside invaders. These are things that can make you sick, like bacteria, viruses

  • or fungi. The immune system has many layers of defense and is made up of a

  • complex series of organs and cells. For our purposes the important part of the

  • immune system you should know about are in the blood. These include things like

  • antibodies and white blood cells. Antibodies are like small flags that tag

  • a foreign invader and mark them as foreign. Once the cell has been flagged,

  • white blood cells will come along and eat up the foreign cell. In addition to

  • eating up outside invaders, your immune system will also check if

  • any of your own body cells are becoming abnormal, for example cancer cells.

  • The immune system will eat up abnormal and dead cells too. When you receive a kidney

  • transplant, the immune system will recognize that the new kidney is foreign,

  • and mark it with antibodies. The immune system treats the new kidney like a

  • foreign invader and will work hard to fight it. This damages the transplanted

  • kidney making unable to work. This is called rejection. To make sure this

  • doesn't happen, you are given immunosuppressant drugs after you get a

  • kidney transplant. Immunosuppressant drugs are called

  • anti-rejection medications, or transplant medicines. As the name suggests

  • immunosuppressants suppress your immune system. They work by acting on white

  • blood cells to make them weaker. You must take your medicines at the exact dose,

  • the time that's prescribed and remember to take them every day. When you don't

  • take your medicines regularly, the amount of medicine your body may become too low

  • to suppress your immune system properly. Your immune system won't become strong

  • and active again and will start attacking your kidney.

  • The transplant medicines keep you safe, but they have side effects. Since your

  • immune system is suppressed, the most common side effects of transplant

  • medicines are: you are more likely to get infection from bacteria or viruses, and

  • your body is less able to keep abnormal cells like cancer cells in

  • check. Some types of cancer like skin cancer or lymphoma are more common after

  • transplant. You can help reduce the risks of any side effects. Your transplant team

  • will explain this in more detail after you've had your transplant. In summary, by

  • now you know that rejection is a normal part of your body's natural defense when

  • you receive a kidney. Remember, transplant medicines only work

  • when taken regularly and on time. Some side effects of the transplant medicines

  • are increased for super infection and some types of cancer. If you have any

  • questions about anything covered in this video don't hesitate to let us know.

  • Speak to a member of the kidney transplant team by calling the number in

  • the description or by going on our website.

Hello. Thank you for taking the time to learn about kidney transplant with us today.

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B2 中上級

免疫システムとは? (What is the immune system?)

  • 109 6
    Amy.Lin に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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