字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント President Donald Trump has threatened to pull the plug on one of the most important arms treaties passed 30 years. One side has not been adhering to it, we have but one side hasn't. Signed in 1987, between Russia and America, the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty otherwise known as the INF contributed to the beginning of the end of the Cold War. For more than a decade, Russia has been cheating the terms of the deal. But what would be the death of the nuclear pact mean for world peace. In 1987, after the years of the negotiation the super powers agreed to meet. Today, I for the United States and the General Secretary for the Soviet Union have signed the first agreement ever to eliminate an entire class of US and Soviet nuclear weapons. We have made history. Mr. Reagan and Mr. Gorbachev agreed to destroy and never again produce land based missiles with a range of 500 to 5,500 miles. Some politicians and journalists are already speculating as to who has won. I reject this approach. It is a throwback to old thinking. At the time The Economist reported that the world has crossed the Rubicon of nuclear disarmament but warned that the west should trend carefully because westen public opinion may be lulled into thinking that Russia is no longer an adversary. In the Department of Defense, we've viewed Gorbachev as someone we could do business with. He was looking to the future and understood it could not be based on confrontation with the west. Frank Miller spent 30 years working for the US government on national security and negotiated nuclear deals with the Russians. This is what the INF Treaty was all about. But 30 years after the landmark treaty, both sites blame the other for breaking the agreement. In 1987 we were looking to work together and there was a spirit of cooperation. There is now a spirit of confrontation emanating from Moscow. Putin is using his intelligence services in his cyber services to try to disrupt events in the west and today the Russians actually believe that nuclear weapons are useful weapons of war and certainly they use them all the time as weapons of coercion and intimidation. Over the past decade, Russia has been testing and deploying missiles that break the deal. The Russians say that it is America that's broken he treaty, claiming NATO's defense shield in Romania and Poland has the capacity to fire intermediate-range missiles into Russia. Relations between the United States and Russia now are poor and are getting worse. We need to make clear to Mr. Putin that aggression against the United States is not a policy goal he can pursue. Both sides have six months to negotiate before the deal is disbanded. But if the treaty collapses, the consequences could be severe. Other countries who are not signatories to the INF including China, India, and Israel have been stockpiling missiles. The US and Russia may look to catch up, sparking an arms race that could jeopardize what is left of global arms control. Most worryingly, the potential death of the INF has called into question the new start treaty, a pact between Russia and America that deals with long range nuclear missiles. If this is not agreed, there would be no constraint on the nuclear forces of America and Russia for the first time in almost 50 years.