字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント Hello, I'm John Melville from Vernier Software & Technology, and I'm going to be talking to you today about how to use our spirometer. Now, our spirometer is this little device right here, and it's used to measure tidal volumes from the lungs or vital capacity from the lungs. You basically breathe through the device. Now, if you're going to be breathing through a device, there's a couple things that you need to know. You need to keep the device sterile. So we have a little bacterial filter that comes with the kit, and you can buy more of these if you want to, but that has to be attached to the spirometer. And then we also have these disposable mouthpieces that get attached to the bacterial filter. We also have these nose clips, and the reason why you want to use a nose clip is because you don't want the subject or student breathing through their nose; they're supposed to just be breathing through their mouth to look at tidal volumes and lung capacity. Now, there's a couple of key things that you need to know about the spirometer to get good data. One is that the spirometer needs to be zeroed in the position that it's going to be used, and it needs to sit still. So if I'm going to be using the spirometer at about this level, I need to make sure that once I plug it into the LabQuest, I zero it in that position and I don't bend back or forth or move from side to side. So let me just put the spirometer together. Another important thing is that there is a little label on the spirometer that says inlet. This is the side that you want to breathe through. So I'm going to take the bacterial filter and I'm going to attach it to the side that says inlet. Then I'm going to put one of these mouthpieces on the bacterial filter. And then I'm going to... untie this cable... and plug the spirometer into the LabQuest. And what you should see now over at the LabQuest is that there's a flow rate that's being displayed, but there really shouldn't be any flow rate. I'm not breathing through it, nothing's happening. So I need to zero the device to make sure that there's no flow. So I'm going to be using it in about this position. So what I'm going to do next is zero the spirometer. And to zero the spirometer, all that I need to do is just tap on the meter screen. I should just be able to select a zero right there. And now you should see that the flow rate is very close to zero. It's fluctuating between -0.002 and -0.001, which is effectively zero. Now the next thing that I'm going to have to do is put this little nosepiece on my nose and then breathe through the spirometer. But before I do that, let me just tell you a few things. I'm going to just be holding the spirometer like this. I need to make sure that I do not blow through this little mouthpiece. I don't want to use it like a trumpet. I don't want to put the mouthpiece up to my lips and -- [blows] -- blow like that. I want the mouthpiece in my mouth to get accurate data. So what I'm going to do is put this back on the spirometer. I'm going to place this in my mouth, the mouthpiece in my mouth. Put the nosepiece on. And then I'm going to take two normal breaths, and then I'm going to breathe in very deeply and exhale very deep -- and exhale forcefully and then collect another breath. So let's just do that. So I'm going to put this on my nose. Like that. Now I'm going to begin data collection. [exhales forcefully] Let me take this off my nose. And let's look at the volume just by tapping here, going to Volume. So let me just point a few things out using the LabQuest stylus here. You can see that each one of these peaks here, so one, two, three, you can see that the trough of each peak, here and here, don't fall all the way back to zero, just right there and right there. Now, you can adjust that using a baseline adjustment to bring them back to zero. And you do that by doing the following: You go to the Analyze tab. And then go to Advanced, right here. And then you'll see these three things come up, and what you want to select is Baseline Adjustment. And then select Volume. Now you can see right here the adjustment right now is zero, and I can increase it or decrease it. So I'm going to make it negative, and you can see now the baseline rises up. But I don't want to do that; I want to bring it down the other way. A little bit more. There we go. And now you can see that the trough from this peak gets really close to zero, and the trough from this peak falls back to zero. Then you can just select OK. And now that baseline adjustment has been applied to your data here in this graph. All right, so now that I've done the baseline adjustment, let's just calculate some tidal volumes here. So I can select a region here. That's one tidal volume. And let's go to Analyze and go to Statistics. Select Volume. And you can see right here the delta y, that's about 1.131 liters. And let's just turn that off now. And let's pick another tidal volume from here to here. And I can go to Analyze again, Statistics, select Volume. And you can see in that case again, we're at about a delta y of 1.031 liters. So let's turn that off again. And just look at my maximal inhalation and then exhalation. So we can go from this whole region about here to here. Let's go to Analyze again. Statistics, Volume. And the delta y is 5.336 liters. I'll just turn that off again. Now, there is another way to calculate tidal volumes or to look at the difference in an x and a y coordinate if I make a selection, and that's using what we call the delta window. And if I go to Analyze here, I can also go to -- if I go to Analyze here, I can also go to Delta. I'm going to select the Graph 1 because Graph 1 is on volume. And now I can highlight a region. I'm just going to drag from the very top of this peak down. Because what I'm really interested in is the height of the peak down to the bottom of the peak. And you can see in this case, the delta y, it's saying, is about 1.294. So a little bit different than what we measured, but it's 1.294 liters in that case. Let's measure this one here. That's 1.216 liters. And then let's look at from the top of this peak to the bottom. Let me just grab that little bit there to there. And that's 5.118 liters. So for more information about our spirometer or other physiology products, visit our website at www.vernier.com.