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  • Copacabana.

  • This world-class beach

  • is now party central for Brazil's far right.

  • Weekly rallies here celebrate the movement's

  • rising star and now future president, Jair Bolsonaro.

  • If you know anything about Bolsonaro,

  • you likely know that he's made some pretty outrageous remarks,

  • such as calling a fellow lawmaker

  • too ugly to rape

  • — and supporting torture.

  • You may also know that women have come out en masse

  • to oppose Bolsonaro, taking to the streets across Brazil

  • under the banner of Ele Não, orNot Him.”

  • But what may be surprising is that almost as many women

  • support Bolsonaro.

  • He's polarized the entire country,

  • but women seem especially divided about him.

  • His signature gun gesture here

  • hints at a key reason why.

  • In 1964, women marched against communist reforms,

  • setting the stage for a military coup.

  • Twenty-one years of dictatorship followed.

  • Hundreds of dissidents were killed,

  • and thousands were tortured.

  • Jair Bolsonaro, a former Army captain,

  • is an open admirer of the dictatorship.

  • His only criticism:

  • They didn't kill enough people.

  • At Bolsonaro rallies, people reminisce

  • about the role women played in calling for the coup.

  • Crimeand especially violent crime

  • is a huge problem in Brazil.

  • Last year, nearly 64,000 people were murdered.

  • Bolsonaro himself was stabbed

  • in the stomach while campaigning.

  • His popularity surged afterward.

  • To understand how fear of crime

  • is driving Bolsonaro's popularity,

  • we went to meet Sara Winter.

  • She used to be a pro-choice activist.

  • Now she's pro-life, and describes herself

  • as a “cured feminist.”

  • She's been mobilizing her Facebook followers

  • to show their support for Bolsonaro.

  • Walking the streets of Rio,

  • we hear similar views.

  • Sofia Caputo voted for the left

  • in the last four elections

  • and now supports Bolsonaro.

  • Bolsonaro has seized on people's fears

  • to justify iron-fisted policing tactics.

  • His pitch isn't exactly new.

  • The military already polices Rio's poorest neighborhoods.

  • We embed with Lt. Commander Enrique Amaral

  • — as he prepares to lead soldiers

  • through the Babilonia favela.

  • His battalion is part of a federal intervention

  • started earlier this year

  • to crack down on crime.

  • Soldiers are looking for guns and gang members.

  • But really anyone can be a suspect.

  • It's like stop and frisk with M-16s.

  • They see a young man who turns away.

  • The young man stops.

  • He's standing right outside his house.

  • His name is Renan,

  • and his mother is fuming.

  • Renan was let go.

  • But his mother has reason to be scared.

  • Security forces have killed

  • over 1,000 people in Rio since the federal takeover began.

  • That's a 42% increase from last year.

  • And those killed are mostly young men.

  • It's why many women heremany mothers

  • fear Bolsonaro.

  • He wants to ramp up the military's role,

  • give police and soldiers more power

  • with less accountability.

  • Her son was 14 years old.

  • He was shot on his way to school.

  • What's at stake in this election for you?

  • But outside the war zone in the favelas,

  • there's less concern about the cost of fighting violence

  • with more violence.

  • Bolsonaro also wants to make it easier to buy guns,

  • and that resonates

  • with a lot of middle and upper class people

  • worried about a spike in robberies.

  • One woman, Katia Sastre,

  • became a poster child for self-defense.

  • In March, Sastre was with her daughter

  • at a school Mother's Day event standing outside

  • when a young man walked up

  • and tried to rob them at gunpoint.

  • Sastre, off duty at the time,

  • was recorded on CCTV shooting the gunman three times

  • point blank.

  • He died.

  • The video went viral,

  • and she became an overnight sensation.

  • Soon after, Sastre ran for Congress

  • — and won by a landslide.

  • The gunman's family is now suing Sastre

  • for replaying the moment of their son's death

  • in her campaign.

  • His name was Elivelton Neves, I believe.

  • He was 21.

  • His family has responded.

  • Do you regret using that video at all?

  • Fear, crime and security.

  • Like Donald Trump in the U.S.,

  • Bolsonaro has campaigned on these issues.

  • Bolsonaro wants people to believe that his militaristic

  • some sayfascist” — agenda

  • can solve all of Brazil's problems.

  • Bolsonaro's supporters want change.

  • They want a new approach.

  • But at what cost for Brazl's democracy?

  • Enough women, and men, appear willing to find out.

Copacabana.

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ブラジル女性がジャイル・ボルソナロを支持する理由|ディスパッチ (Why Brazilian Women Support Jair Bolsonaro | Dispatches)

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    00348 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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