中級 480 タグ追加 保存
動画の字幕をクリックしてすぐ単語の意味を調べられます!
単語帳読み込み中…
字幕の修正報告
Chemistry is in everything, including snow.
Crystallography allows us to study the arrangement of atoms
in a snowflake crystal.
Though they all pretty much start the same, once they begin crystallizing,
it's true that no two snow flakes are alike.
And the number of possible shapes is staggering.
[Reactions Splash Intro]
A snowflake starts as a dust grain floating in a cloud. Water vapor in the
air sticks to the dust grain and the resulting droplet turns directly into ice.
Crystal faces appear on the frozen droplet.
Then, a prism forms with six faces and a top and bottom.
A cavity forms in each prism face because ice grows fastest near the edges.
Faster growth on the corners causes six branches to sprout.
The lines in each branch are due to ridges and grooves on the surface.
These six branches form the corners of a hexagon, which occurs because the water
molecules chemically bond into a hexagonal network.
When the temperature cools to -13 degrees C (9F), new
growth at the branch tips narrows.
At -14 degrees (6F), side branches sprout on each branch.
Suddenly, the crystal encounters a quick blast of warmer air followed by cooler
air, and more side branches sprout.
The crystal gradually warms, making the tips long and narrow.
The crystal encounters into even warmer air, which slows
the growth and widens the tips.
Finally, this unique and delicate structure falls to the earth along
with countless other snowflakes.
Cool, right?
Over the years, crystallographers have been classifying snow crystals into
different categories based on their arrangement of atoms
(column, plane, aggregation, rimmed, germs, irregular, other).
In the 1930s, there were 21 different classifications of snowflake could be in,
but by 2013 that number has soared to 121 categories.
To see the snow crystals at the molecular level, scientists send a beam of
x-rays through a samples of snowflakes.
The X-rays bounce off all the atoms in the snowflake and head in all
different directions, sort of like light off all the sides of a disco ball.
By seeing where these beams end up, we can figure out what arrangement
the snowflake's atoms are in, and therefore what it looks like at the atomic level.
Who's to say what new snowflake categories crystallographers will find in 2016.
But one thing's for certain, the ever-changing environment means that snowflakes
can have a mind-boggling array of shapes.
We're doing an audience survey right now, so be sure
to check the description for the link.
We really want to hear from you guys, and hear more about what you want to
see in upcoming Reactions episodes.
Thanks very much!
You know what to do.
コツ:単語をクリックしてすぐ意味を調べられます!

読み込み中…

How Do Snowflakes Form?

480 タグ追加 保存
綾羅飄起 2019 年 1 月 11 日 に公開
お勧め動画

コメント

読み込み中…
  1. 1. クリック一つで単語を検索

    右側のスプリクトの単語をクリックするだけで即座に意味が検索できます。

  2. 2. リピート機能

    クリックするだけで同じフレーズを何回もリピート可能!

  3. 3. ショートカット

    キーボードショートカットを使うことによって勉強の効率を上げることが出来ます。

  4. 4. 字幕の表示/非表示

    日・英のボタンをクリックすることで自由に字幕のオンオフを切り替えられます。

  5. 5. 動画をブログ等でシェア

    コードを貼り付けてVoiceTubeの動画再生プレーヤーをブログ等でシェアすることが出来ます!

  6. 6. 全画面再生

    左側の矢印をクリックすることで全画面で再生できるようになります。

  1. クイズ付き動画

    リスニングクイズに挑戦!

  1. クリックしてメモを表示

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔