初級: TOEIC 250-545
中級: TOEIC 550-780
上級: TOEIC 785-990
RBE [ RESOURCE BASED ECONOMY ]
A Resource Based Economy is based on pure logic.
If you go on a mountain expedition
you calculate how much food you have,
how many people there are and how long the trip will be.
You then, arrive at a decision about the resources you need for the expedition.
If you send a spacecraft to the moon, you will need to analyse the situation
to find out what resources are necessary for your expedition.
You will take into account the food,
the number of people going on this expedition, and the fuel for such a journey.
If you, like a species, want to populate another planet,
first you analyze what resources are available, and how many people such a planet can sustain.
Well, it's the exact same thing with planet Earth,
only that here the monetary system does not take into account the planetary resources.
Luckily for us, there is already a plan to organise our world. It is called The Venus Project.
THE VENUS PROJECT
A nation without a vision of what the future can be,
is bound to repeat past errors, over and over again.
This brief video will 'outline' a vision designed
to avoid making the same mistakes.
A vision of efficiency, sustainability, and intelligent planning.
A vision to lead us into a marvelous new world
of unlimited human potential.
This vision could be a showcase of what the world can be,
in our cybernated age.
Science and technology, could be used for human betterment,
and the restoration and protection of the environment,
serving as an example of the intelligent application of a systems approach.
While some people advocate the restoration of existing worn out cities,
this effort falls short of the potential modern technology offers.
Repairing current cities results in higher costs of operation and maintenance.
It is actually less expensive, in the long run, to build newer cities from the ground up,
than to restore and maintain old ones.
A Total City System approach
requires overall planning to attain the highest standard of living
for all their city's occupants.
The circular arrangement efficiently permits the most sophisticated use of available resources,
and construction techniques, with a minimum expenditure of energy.
The most advanced amenities that modern science and technology can provide
could be made available to everyone.
The city could be a help and learning center,
where people from all over the world visit,
and hopefully emulate this design approach in other parts of the world.
Design considerations for this new city include:
Its assembling, the reduction of maintenance, efficient transportation, and its simplicity and durability.
This would include the flexibility to permit on going, and later changes.
The city would function as an evolving, integrated organism,
rather than a static structure.
This system's approach envisions assembling entire cities, by standardized basic structural elements,
which are prefabricated in automated plants, and assembled on site.
Many of these buildings would be comprised of standard units,
that can be arranged to meet many different requirements.
This approach means that this city can be extremely cost-efficient,
because only one sector needs to be designed,
which can be duplicated repeatedly for the completion of an entire city.
The outer perimeter would be part of the recreation area,
with golf courses, hiking and
biking trails and opportunities for water sports.
Inside this area, a waterway surrounds an agricultural belt, with indoor and outdoor agriculture.
Continuing into the city center,
eight green sectors provide clean, renewable resources of energy,
using wind, solar, and heat concentrators.
Waste recycling, and other services, are located beneath the city.
The plan utilizes the best of clean technology,
and harmony with the surrounding environment.
The residential district features beautiful landscaping, with lakes and winding streams.
A wide range of creative, innovative apartment buildings and individual, unique homes,
would provide many options for the occupants.
New and innovated methods of vast mass construction for housing and building systems,
would inject composed materials into a mold, and then extrude the form upward.
In some cases, multiple city apartments
can be produced as continuous extrusions,
which are then separated into individual units.
Cranes transport the prefabricated dwellings to site locations,
they are then lifted and inserted into a support structure.
The apartments are lightweight and high strength.
All of these dwellings are designed as self contained residences.
The outer surface of these efficient structures serve as photovoltaic generators,
converting solar radiation directly into electricity for heating,
cooling and other needs.
The thermocouple effect would also be used for generating electricity.
The wide range of individual homes are prefabricated and relatively maintenance free,
fire resistant and impervious to weather.
With this type of construction, there will be little or no damage from floods,
earthquakes or hurricanes.
Their thin shell construction can be mass produced, efficiently and economically.
New energy efficient systems can be installed to supply enough power to operate the entire household.
Adjacent to the residential district, there are planning, science and research centers.
Eight domes, surrounding the central dome, house art,
music, exhibition, entertainment and conference centers.
Lovely parks, lakes, streams and waterfalls, are located throughout the entire city.
The central dome, or “Theme center”, contains schools, health care, distribution center,
communications networking, and childcare.
It is also the core for most transportation services,
which move people by transveyors, horizontally, vertically and radially anywhere in the city.
This minimizes the need for automobile transportation, except for emergency vehicles.
Transportation between cities would be by monorails.
The central dome would eventually house a cybernated complex, which serves as the brain and nervous system of the entire city.
It projects a 3D, virtual image of Earth, using satellite communication systems
which display information on weather, agriculture, transportation and the operation of the whole city.
This cybernated system would use environmental sensors,
to help maintain a balance load economy,
which avoids surplus and shortages.
For example, in the agricultural belt, electronic probes monitoring and maintain the soil conditions,
water table, nutrients and more.
This method of electronic feedback can be applied to the entire city complex.
With computers now able to process trillions of bits of information per second,
they are vital for arriving at correct decisions for the management of these innovated cities.
Some of these cities may be total enclosure systems, which are self-efficient.
These massive structures would contain residences, parks, recreation,
entertainment, health care, educational facilities and more.
Everything built in these cities
would be as near to a self-contained system as conditions allow.
In this total enclosure arrangement, the skyscraper assures that more land is available for parks,
and wilderness preserves, while at the same time, eliminating urban sprawl.
Wherever possible, geothermal energy can be harnessed.
Geothermal power offers the possibility of an abundant source of clean energy.
This source alone can provide enough energy for the next thousand years.
Regional transportation systems would include a network of waterways and canals.
These bodies of water could minimize the threat of floods, and droughts,
by diverting flood-waters to storage basins.
In addition, these canals could supply water for irrigation, fish farms, and recreation.
The canals can also be used for desalinization,
using a method of evaporative condensation.
A network of tunnels could facilitate transportation of passengers,
and freight across the Sahara Desert, to all the Earth's regions, free of the effects of sandstorms.
These tunnels would be located thirty, to forty feet below the desert surface,
with ventilators every thousand metres.
Water could be pumped from below the surface of the Sahara, and transported to all the Earth's regions.
In some instances, ships could serve as floating automated plants,
capable of processing raw materials, into finished products while en route to their destinations.
Huge ships and submarines, with many removable and interchangeable compartments,
would carry freight across the oceans.
Rather than separated containers, an entire freight section
can be automatically disengaged at the port.
Bridge designs would be greatly simplified, and bridges can be made corrosion resistant.
They would be prefabricated and transported to the site, by twin hold catamarans.
On some bridges, trains could be suspended beneath traffic lines.
Colonization of the oceans is one of the last frontiers remaining on Earth.
Prodigious oceanic city communities, would evolve as artificial islands,
floating structures, undersea observatories, and more.
These large marine structures are designed to explore the relatively untapped riches of the oceans,
and provide improved mariculture, fresh water production, energy and mining.
This could offset land based shortages.
They could also provide almost unlimited riches in pharmaceuticals, chemicals, fertilizers, minerals, oil and natural gas.
Ocean cities would be resistant to earthquakes,
and greatly relieve land based population pressures.
The population would vary, from several hundred, to many thousand.
Underwater oceanic viewing and research facilities,
provide expansive panoramic observations of the undersea world,
in its natural habitat, without disturbing the ocean environment.
Unsinkable floating sea domes, would attract those who prefer unique offshore or island living.
In the event of inclement weather, they could easily be towed ashore,
mounted, and anchored to elevated support structures.
Mariculture and sea farming systems are used to cultivate and raise fish,
and other forms of marine life, to help meet nutritional needs.
These marine enclosures are designed as non contaminating integral parts of the ocean environment.
A true world's fair of the future would emphasize the contributions made by all nations
toward advancing humanity.
Although this fair would provide entertainment,
its main function is the deeper understanding of the world we live in,
and the people who inhabit it.
The architectural structures themselves, would be jewels of future possibilities,
with a wide variety of exhibition buildings.
Many of the displays will depict, not what the future will be,
but what it can be, if we use science and technology with human and environmental concerns.
It could be a vivid future showcase of human potential.
Videos, three-dimensional displays, and full-size diagrams, will depict the fabulous advantages for all nations,
when working together to preserve the greatest gift we have:
The resources and beauty of our planet.
In a final analysis, we are one people, and share one planet.
Jacque Fresco is the one who arrived at such a solution through careful study of human behaviour
and the technology behind, creating a Global Resource Based Economy.
The solutions he has presented for more than thirty years
-maglev trains, self-erecting buildings, self-sustaining houses-
still haven't been widely adopted
due to the monetary system's constraints.
[From the Interview with Larry King in 1974]
- My guest is an extraordinary Miamian: Dr. Jacque Fresco.
I could go through all the things that Dr. Fresco has done.
He's a social engineer, industrial engineer, designer, inventor...
was a consultant for Rotorcraft Helicopter,
Director of Scientific Research Laboratories, Los Angeles,
designed and copyrighted various items,
ranging from drafting instruments to X-ray units,
has had works published in the Architectural Record, Popular Mechanics, Saturday Review,
and has been a technical and psychological consultant to the motion picture industry,
member of the Air Force design and Development Unit at Wright Field,
developed the electrostatic anti-icing systems,
designed prefabricated aluminum houses...
What does it say in your driver's license?
- What is the occupation?
- Industrial Designer...
- Does it bug you that...
people, when they talk about Jacque Fresco in Miami, say that
he's someone who is "too far ahead of his time," his thinking is...
"We're not ready for advanced kind of thinking of that type."
Does it bug you?
- I imagine every creative person in every field
encounters that sort of problem. No, it doesn't. I can't afford it.
There's too many things that are important.
What do you think of, when you contemplate the future?
For Jacque Fresco, this is what it looks like.
A future where technology is harnessed for all and money has no relevance.
So you think you know what the future will look like?
You people do, but what's up for the man, a very brilliant man does because he is designing it.
A place where there would be no food shortages, no fear of hurricanes and no war.
It's called The Venus Project.
Extraordinary 93-year-old thinker,
who has created a strategy to build a new unified, symbiotic world
in harmony with nature.
His project intents to achieve nothing less that the unification of the human race.
That includes the design of new cities, the abolition of money.
A new paradigm for living.
It is called The Venus Project.
He has been labeled as a genius, a prophet, a visionary
and sometimes as an eccentric, and dismissed as an utopian dreamer.
But in the end, no matter what they say, he is Jacque Fresco.
The creator and the mind behind The Venus Project.
A monumental work of several fields of knowledge,
that unifies the concept of a new future for the human civilization.
Fresco's entire life is perhaps the definition of a second chance,
a new opportunity for social progress in harmony with our planet and technology.
Born on March 3rd 1916, Jacque Fresco has been called many things.
Designer, architect, inventor, author, and futurist.
"Its sensibility stands for my first-hand experience of the Great Depression.
A detailed understanding of the effects of a scarcity-based economy and the conflicts it produces."
Primarily self taught, Jacque advodcates for a society that pursues science and technology,
as a means of continually educating itself,
believing that such a society neither wants nor needs to be controlled.
Proclaimed a visionary, Jacque offers bold and complete reformation of the world's social constructs to promise a brighter tomorrow,
if we can unite as humans, in its pursue today.
Jacque Fresco represents not only the sinceres beliefs of artists and designers to effect positive change in a society,
but a pure conviction, if not responsibility, to absolve failing systems.
In a 1974 interview with Larry King, Jacque Fresco can best be quoted with the following:
"There are no Negro problems, or Polish problems,
"or Jewish problems, or Greek problems,
"or women's problems. There are only Human problems."
Ladies and Gentlemen, it's my pleasure to introduce Jacque Fresco.
What is a Resource-Based-Economy?
I'm sure you all have heard about it.
But a Resource-Based-Economy is entirely different than anything that has ever existed in the past.
Most decisions were made by kings, politicians, statesman; but nothing based upon resources.
To better undrestand the meaning of a Resource-Based-Economy,
picture an island somewhere in the South Pacific.
And you want to know, you really want to know, how many people can that island support,
and to what degree can the extravagants of the island be maintained.
First you have to know how much wood there is, how much water, how much arable land.
Once you do a survey of the resources of that island,
that can best be the method for determining how many people it will support;
if the materials do not exist, you could only design a culture based upon the materials that do exist.
You can only grow food based upon the arable land area and the waters surrounding the island,
the fish, crustaceous, all the other things.
And if you have an agronomist on the island, or a series of them,
they can advise you as what is best to grow in that tropical region.
So you really need technical competence, in order to arrive at decisions that make sense.
You cannot arrive at decisions that make sense by consensus,
by asking people what they want.
You have to find out what the island has to offer.
And that's what you can determine the future by.
All other systems will fail.
The decisions are not made by the majority of the people.
They're made by the majority of people that have technical competence;
That have information in the areas you wish to excel in,
and methods of scientific scales of performance.
If you have a million sincere people that have no technical competence,
I can assure you, nothing would be accomplished.
So you have to ask the questions,
Can we build a society of sustainability?
If you have no information as to the availability of the resources, you cannot undertake such a project.
Bullshit you have a shortage of resources! That's the function of research labs.
To make alternative materials that would substitute for lack of materials.
Technicians do not tell you what to do, or how to live.
They merely carry out the function of designing elevators, transportation units, bridges, housing systems.
They do not tell people what to do, what to think or how to live.
That's a mistake that most people make.
They think that a Resousce-Based Economy has technicians that also tell you what lifestyle to use.
No they don't. The resources determine that.
All that the technicians do is build a system that can utilize those resources for the benefit of all the people involved.
It has to be global. If it is not global, if you have most of the resources and most of the building equipment,
and most of the automated machinery, and most of the arable land, and most of the drinking water;
countries that do not have that will attempt to invade your country, and take what they need.
Every nation wants a piece of the pie. Keep that in mind.
So to the degree that you try to live a sustainable life to yourself, will not work.
Because other nations that lack material will invade you.
And the rebuilding of cities throughout the world,
you have to consider how far those cities are from resources.
That means available materials: concrete, steel reinforcement, etc.
If the cities are near that source, then it becomes more efficient
to design the cities as systems operations.
Meaning that a city itself must meet the needs of the people that live there.
We announced on television, what is available and what is not available at the time,
and when it probably will be available.
So the public has information of where to go to access whatever it is that they need.
So people would have access to more things that they've ever had in a monetary system.
More things and more opportunities would be available.
All of the cities are designed to utilize a minimal amount of energy for a maximum service.
In that way, we can save energy so that we can handle more people.
There are people throughout the world that do not have access to high-energy systems.
We will be able to provide more for human need, if we use efficiency.
Naturally if we fail to do that, it can only take care of a limited amount of people.
But a Resource-Based Economy has millions of slaves, but they are machines.
And machines do repetitive, boring and dangerous jobs.
That's what machines are for.
They are not to put you out of work.
If they can turn things out faster than you, we don't need you working,
in fact, we don't want you working in an industrial plant.
We want you to go back to school and study whatever you are interested in,
whatever you think you would like to study,
whatever you feel you'd like to understand better.
Unfortunately, money doesn't represent things in existence.
If you set a value on every tree, every inch of arable land, all the water,
and you print it money proportional to the resources,
so that the money represents resources, then it can have meaning.
But today that is not accomplished,
although they may tell you that demand will really bring about these things.
No, demand doesn't bring about the things. Available resources do.
And if money doesn't represent available resources
it has no basis for social management.
When you live in a fault society, that bases his wealth upon money,
then that society itself will collapse eventually;
Not because I say so. Because it's not based on physical reference.
In a Resource-Based Economy where production and automation can turn out more goods and services
there's no need to use money anymore.
If you really wish to put an end to war, poverty, hunger, territorial disputes,
you must utilize all the world's resources
as the common heritage of all the world's people.
Anything less than that, will remain with the same problems that you've had continuously for centuries.
If you don't declare all the Earth's resources as the common heritage of all the world's people,
and bring all the separate nations together in one unified system...
There is no solution other than that.
And this is why we recommend a Resource-Based Economy.
[Roxanne Meadows] - Jacque continues to invent every day; to invent, to write, to work.
He has a zest for life that keeps him going and keeps him working,
and he is interested in things, he is interested in
what happens out there, how this will play out and how it will turn out,
while very much wanting to introduce this direction to the world
so that's his prime focus.
And he does that in every way he can, by actually showing;
It's not enough to just tell what the future would be like, but to show what people are missing.
He keeps coming up with new ideas, new inventions, new designs,
and proves what he has, represents them better, makes more models, makes more videos;
He's relentless at trying to get these ideas out. I think he fears where society is now.
It's not acceptable to him. But instead of just complaining he wants to propose an alternative.
- Jacque spent a lot of time before studying people, he started studying how animals behave,
and how to change behavior of animals or predict the behavior of animals.
And came to the conclusion that's really the environment
that changes behavior and enable us all to behave the way we do.
You know in the past people would say "You'd never be able to get to the moon. Not in a thousand years."
And they look up the next day and they were going to the moon.
You know when they first meet Jacque 25 years ago and he would talk to some people about certain inventions...
They're saying: "You won't see that, not in a thousand years."
I look at it, as everything he is doing is being the outmost of spirituallity.
And ten years later, they come out with it on cover in the Popular Science.
Instead of looking for a better world later, after you die,
it's really building the type of things that all religious teaching talk about, here on earth.
We don't have to wait til we die for that.
We confront our problems today and not wait for the Messiah to come, with the white robe, and change things.
We'll not wait till we all go to heaven at the certain time, or those believers that go to heaven at the certain time.
We can deal with the problems today.
For instance, in religion...
they put things on the will of God. If there is an accident, it's the will of God,
and it stops you from thinking; it stops you from being innovative;
It stops you from thinking about:
"Well, how do we redesign the trasportation system so we don't have those problems any more."
Besides the Tours on scheduled Saturdays,
I have drawings of different cities. Those cities have an end goal. They are not just cties.
The goal of that cities is to make things relevant to people that they respond to.
There's no other way.
Now people that live in the city, have many different reactions with the city.
"It's my home", "My grandfather was born there", "My favorite city"
But they really don't understand that what a city is, what it serves.
Now they use words like shelter. Home is a shelter.
But when you wear a diving suit, and you go underwater,
that's a closed enviroment shelter for underwater living.
If a man goes out in the space, he brings with him the air in the suit,
and in that suit he has all the type of equipment he may need on that mission.
If you give him a book, a novel to take out in the space, it's dead weight, it doesn't serve anything.
If you give him an emergency book of what to do when oxygen stops
or something goes wrong, that's something.
But a book about how Seminole indians treat fish would have no use in the space.
Our society is loaded with "How Seminole Indians treat fish"
There's lots of superfluous information, superfluous to the needs of people.
Must everything be scientific? if it is not, is less valid.
Is there a place for non-scientific? By non-scientific, do you mean speculative notions?
Or scientific is, "I don't know, let's try to find out".
Does it mean that you would find out? Not necessarily.
You'll find out if you have the appropriate needs.
You could take flying lessons if you live in the city,
you could study medicine, you could go back to school, concert halls...
There are exhibits every week like a worldsphere. The city is enormously advantageous.
Nothing I've talked about was against anybody.
I don't want to kill anybody, hurt anybody, put anymbody in jail...
There are no prisons, no police, no armies, no navies in this system,
because people have access to whatever the hell they need.
You could go to the "Watchcenter" and check what do you want. Any time in your life.
Free. Without payment or obligation.
In the future you would have so many new options, that you would never get involved in an nothingness field.
Nothingness means fashion...
There'll be healthy clothing, design for people, that would breathe while you walk,
and cool off when it's hot, it'll help the body to maintain optimum temperature.
Shoes will breathe as you walk; They won't be designed by stylists
or people that drape fabric around in different directions.
These are totally distractive and have nothing to do with a sane society.
A sane society would design clothing that's comfortable
and maintain materials that serve more than just cover the body.
So in the future no more opinions.
Do you have information in this area? - No, I don't.
- Good. Here's where you might get it or here is how you might go about finding out.
- It looks like the globe. That globe there makes all the decision because it's connected.
We have satellites that surround the earth that project the hologram. A virtual image of the Earth.
So you are looking at the real earth in real time.
So you walk over to the image screens and you talk.
You say: "How many planes are in the air at this instance?"
The computer would have an analysis pattern ??? all over the world (and) will tell you, "7320"
Every plane in the air, every hurricane, all the conditions all over the earth, plant diseases...no human can do that.
So we don't need people in government. We need electronics in the field, production, distribution, weather...
So we can look, come at home and find out anything we want to know.
Without opinions based on foxy way.
Now somebody said to me, "What if a guy want to take more than what's allowable?"
First of all, they'd go to an orientation center first, that describes how the city works, where you can access food,
where you can pick up information in the area...
It's just like if you want to fly an aeroplane, they don't put you in an aeroplane.
They put you in a unit and remove the control, first just to get the feel of it.
Then (???) you over to an airplane, cause the first thing you check is the tires.
And you check the air pressure, and you check the movement (???) how they all work.
And then you sit in that (???) for a little while and get familiar with the instruct.
You can't move "normal" people into this city, and expect to have a decent world. You can't.
Anymore that would become to be an engineer without going through a specialized environment, fall the University.
The University is an enviroment, that specializes in how to be an engineer, an architect, whatever.
So we want to change the global environment, and make the Global University. All cities have a University.
And ocean liner is a totally enclosed system. It has medical, hospitals, emergency rooms,
but it has no kitchens in the bedrooms, there's a dining area.
And it's inefficient to put a kitchen in every bedroom on the ocean liner, do you understand that?
So they have areas set aside for that.
They have a nurse... several nurses on the ocean liner.
And what does a nurse do?
A nurse can bandage, she can close and surgery...
but there is no reason why in the future would not have automated systems for doing that.
They can invite a doctor from any area of the globe on the board of that boat.
They can invite him as a virtual image or as an assemble manipulator.
And that doctor could study the condition without being there.
So you have a totally different system, that's why I use the term "Total Enclosure Systems".
Each building generates its own electricity, it provides for all human needs,
and even grows food in the building, or prepares food.
Today you have places where you have fast food;
you have 15 cooks and waitresses and all that.
In the future you'll be able to extrude the food
very rapidly, with no people at all.
You don't need people. You don't need waitress, cooks...
what you need is the food handled the way the food is handled by people, only much faster.
Jacque is continuously creating and revising new designs in all areas of the social sequences.
For every design and drawing that he keeps, he probably throws out about ten.
He then selects from the scetches ones he wants to be rendered into 3D animations.
[Jacque Fresco] - And this is the front view of the same. This is for...
[Roxanne Meadows] Andrew and Ioulietta are located in London, and they head up the Venus Project Design Team.
[Jacque Fresco] - It looks very good Andrew.
[Andrew ] - It's getting there, it's getting there...
We have been working with Juilietta and Andrew for about two years now.
They take Jacque's sketches and turn it into a beautiful vision of what the future can be.
- You have to take in a whole picture and ask what is it that you want.
What kind of world do you want? So...
Remember: Takes a doctor time to diagnose.
It has got to study the symbols and tell what the problem might be.
And scanning by machine is very fast.
So I can't tell you exactly what hospitals will look like, or what the cities will look like,
although we know that beds would be very similar, only that they'll be more flexible.
Not only that the bed would have monitors build-in
so that if there's any kind of emergency the bed can stimulate you,
out of that emergency and call for help without you even knowing it.
If you have palpitations or unusual physical condition, while you are asleep, the stuff will arrive.
So when I say "Total Enclosure" I mean
methods for dealing with all problems that humans might have.
Now, that does mean that won't be a kitchen in every home?
There will be during the transition.
Until we realize that instead of having 5000 homes
with 5000 sinks and 5000 ovens and refrigerators,
you have gigantic refrigerators and food preparation systems,
Do you understand that? It will not be like it is today.
So when people look at these cities that I draw up here, they picture conventional approaches.
A bedroom, a kitchen, a dining room, a dining area,
Because you have people over for lunch,
the same value system we have today.
So I would say that this is where the future is going.
And the future design would depend on how far into the future and how far technology has gone.
When they can reach symbols and make diagnosis,
when a machine can do drafting, as that of thousands of draftsmen,
a machice could do drafting much faster than man.
It can scan those lines in, if you put in the specifications of what you want.
If you want a hospital to house a thousand people,
with the most economical structures,
which have them built-in heating and cooling systems,
all that can be stored in information systems.
And the building can probably be forthcoming in minutes
in rather hours that it takes craftsmen to do it.
And the amount of craftman, and the ammount of space, a lot of different things would not be the same.
If it took an industrial area with movable walls
and some manufacturing process needed,
say a production of a 100 aerocars a day,
that space could be assembled,
the move walls can move to accomodate the production method.
If the production method is faster, two years from now,
the walls come together, the factory is smaller and the production rate is higher.
So whatever you have today, ovens, kitchens, all of the things, would be smaller in the future,
produce things much faster and not occupying the same space.
So when you say "how much space do you need for hospitals?"
It depends. If people eat nutritious food, do exercise, you don't have many hospitals.
So, I can't tell you exactly what the hospital space would be
or how technical they will be.
I can only say this.
The future will occupy much less space for the same turnout.
And that's the message.
Now, if you try to design a city,
with a 100 drafting tables in it, or 30 machines, that is with today's thinking.
And the buildning will get to zone that creates that will be smaller and with less people.
Now, instead of having a generalist, where a doctor is a generalist
and he knows everything from neurology to other physical problems
it's much easier to have computers with that information.
Not only they scan you and record in symbolic logic
what the condition is, it is then read.
Instead of doctors, it's read by machines very rapidly.
And then the appropriate action can be taken by machine,
if it's surgery of whatever else is required.
So to sit down and design a surgical system based on today's values,
and today's methodology, would be inappropriate for the future.
So a city of that size would do 10 times the work,
that a city today of the same size does.
That's why I can't give you an exact description or what hospitals would be like.
Only an overview in general.
A ship is an Total Enclosure System.
A passenger liner that has a thousand passengers, has hospital equipment:
cooking, dining areas, sleeping areas, air condition,
children's room and nurses taking care of children.
And has everything that a thousand passengers may need.
Do you understand that?
A ship is almost a Total Enclosure System. It doesn't generate its own energy.
It uses resins, diesel engines, to generate electricity to operate the generators.
But in the future, the surface of the ship will supply the energy needed.
The wave power. And surrounding areas will supply that ship
with the energy it needs rather than requiring input.
Now most of the buildings that I draw and you can see there,
can be put in the cities of the future on the outer perimeter.
It need not... you can use the same basic drawing that I have today.
But trying to fill-in the buildings, as to what's in them,
I'd rather not devolve that specific information.
Now, I can go into specifics but they will only serve temporarily.
The method of delivery of people or moving people depends on the technology of the future.
And it depends on how easy it is to move people.
But if you have Total Enclosure Systems,
it means each system is self-operating, it doesn't depend on central power.
But they are all connected to the central computer
and they're connected to all events in other cities.
If the city system mechanism fail, other mechanisms take over
and notify the appropriate people or the appropriate machines to carry out the given task.
You can't design the best television set.
You can only design the best you can design with what we know up to now.
Two years from now it'll be different. Does it make sense?
This city that I designed would be a straightjacket to the kids of the future.
They'll design their own cities!
But if you make a statue of Fresco and put it here, you hold them back!
So there are no heroes, no great people in the future, just people that make contributions.
It is not from the bottom up or from the top down.
It's based upon surveys.
Meaning if we have the resources we can build a Resource-Based Economy.
If we don't have access to certain materials...
people want to know how things are distributed.
In other words if we don't have enough to go around, who gets what?
That's why we must overcome scarcity.
To the degree that scaricty exists, you'll have problems.
You can't overcome problems by legislation or consensus.
You'll have to have the material to make the Resource-Based Economy work.
And until that occurs, you are going to have problems.
If we can overcome shortages then we can begin to think of ways of solving problems.
If you can't overcome shortages, you'll have problems.
So somebody wanted to asked me, "Who desides who gets what?"
In a shortage system where you don't have enough resources to meet those needs,
it will occur on a basis of prejudice, bigotry and in habits pre-established prior to the Venus concepts
A Venus concept doesn't have a set of laws that exist, that you do this or you don't do that.
If we don't overcome scarcity, we cannot operate the system efficiently.
So the first thing that has to be done is groups of people or individuals have to work on problem solving.
Many problems such as conflict resolution, that we learn to solve problems,
In an abundant system, we would have little conflict.
If we don't have abundance, it will always result in problems.
I believe that The Venus Project can arrive at the availability of services in the shortest possible time.
Once that is accomplished, we can begin to move forward.
until we resolve the problem of shortages, we cannot move forward.
There are many different things people ask.
"What if two people completely disagree and have different approaches to problems?"
We can find both systems or three systems or ten systems
to determine now which consumes less energy and it's most effective
If we try a system and it doesn't work, we will continue to work at it
to see if we can find better ways to operating the system.
It has nothing to do group feels ??? or what the group feels ought to be done.
It's based on resources, only.
We do not make decisions. We are arriving at them,
based on existing resources.
It appears to be no real other way of doing things.
It's like being in a lifeboat with limited water.
Do you give everybody a glass of water?
Or do you give everybody water depending on their weight
and moisture and evaporation of the body.
Now, how'd do you decide that?
People tends to give each person an equal amount of water in scarcity.
That does not make sense.
If a person weights 300 pounds and another person weights 79 pounds,
giving equal amount of water does not equally distribute the water in the body.
So totally different systems, meaning surveys and technical people,
who are qualified to arrive at decisions by using technology.
Does everybody have equal opportunities in The Venus Project? No.
There are different people with different backgrounds.
The more experience you have in any particular field,
you'd be called upon to advice.
I'm talking about real experience, hands-on, working at something.
You cannot maintain wars with abundance.
So when people say, "So what of the new laws in The Venus Project?"
Well, to the degree that you solve problems, produce an abundance, it's hardly any need for laws.
If we can raise children to behave in a most appropriate way under those conditions, you don't need laws.
[Journalist ] - Some people would want or need drugs, would that be made available to them?
[Fresco] - Yes it would.
- It would? - Yes.
- OK, would you elaborate... - You will...if we show people smoking cigarettes talking
but then we show the human lung. Real film. And it stretches when you...
If you smoke a long time, it tares,
and then cancerous cells form. Then the guy chokes, he can't breathe...
We show a guy dying! Real!
You know a hospital, try breath, he's been smoking for 20 years,
We don't say stop smoking, we show films of the results of a certain viewpoint. Do you understand?
If you don't get it, you can still smoke, if you are up to.
We do not order you not to smoke. If you try to do that it'll go underground, people will smoke in the shower.
if you try to ban religion, it will go underground.
Don't ban anything.
I believe that people should not be divided.
The youngsters, the adolesences, and finally the inmaturlly young adults,
and the older folks, are all divided people.
When you get at 65, you don't want to travel on an ocean liner with old folks.
How come we put up these buildings for the old folks?
We think that people want to live whatever the hell they want to live.
But cities must be design to have an integrated intelligence society.
Einstein when he was 65-70 years old, he would talk to youngsters.
He kept reading. He kept up with ideas.
Why must societies been divided into different groups?
All single professions will disappear in the future. I have no question about it.
You have to become so general.
Our problems are not political, they're technical.
Everything that you have, your washing machine, your electric light, your automobiles, your airplane are all technical.
Without those things you would be pulling boats.
Slavery. You would be blipped and beaten in slavery!
So, technology is on the backs of probably no more than twenty people gave us everything.
The Edisons, Louis Pasteur -if he wasn't him we would all be dead-
So the real things that you have that work for you are technical.
What The Venus Project proposes is a society where everyone will live better than the wealthiest people today.
Everyone. Now is that possible? Let me give you an example.
The middle-class American today, or the middle-class person in any advanced society, lives better than kings.
They have air conditioning in their car,
they have communications in their car, telephones, they fly and...
Even the Arabs used to think of a magic carpet.
The guys sat on the carpet and they flew around and they thought: "That was fantastic"
But they never tell you when it rained the carpet got soaked,
everybody got wet or you have to go to the washroom, or did you do it a magic carpet.
Now you have airplanes with televisions in the airplanes.
Even the magic carpet was considered "Oh, that's too far out!".
Nothing it's too far out.
Anything a person can conceive of, can be built.
Now, in a non-monetary based society, a Resource Based society,
people have access to anything that they need.
Somewhat like the public library. They'd go down and access a camera, or a bicycle, or a wristwatch,
anyhting that they need is available without a price tag.
That would mean that we must achieve a level of production that is so high, that scarcity no longer exists.
Many people wonder what would drive people, if they have access to all their needs, what would happen to incentive?
What would motivate people, or something gain. What's the gain?
Although the gain is that materials are available, what would motivate them on to do better to what they have?
Need. We will always lack.
And the fact that we'll always lack meaning, that we cannot achieve perfection,
we cannot achieve truly dynamic equilibrium, we will always be in some form of disequilibrium.
With the elimination of scarcity, the essential incentives change toward problem solving, in general.
On a Resource-Based Economy people are brought up to understand
how they relate to their immediate environment.
And that the relationship to the environment is not the truth, it's as far as we know up to now.
You brought up today and you're told that
as we seek more and more information, we'll know more about a given subject.
Someone asked me: "Will everybody be alike in your society?"
Yes, in certain areas. They will love the Earth and take care of it, stick their hands on,
when they meet another person with different culture they'd say:
"Your values are different than mine, I'd like to learn more about your way of thinking"
They would be the same in that way. They would be open to new ideas, learn to listen to new ideas,
ask relevant questions about ideas, yes, in those areas, they would be alike.
A Resource-Based Economy is all inclusive.
That means transportation, city design, education...
The methods of education; and a new value system.
If you don't include everything, if you leave out any of those factors, you'll have a problem.
It includes agriculture, feeding people, distribution of goods and services.
It includes raising of children in school systems, the subject matter taught, the language used.
We'll also develop a newer language that has closer areas of agreement, which are not subject to interpretation.
The Venus Project describes the process level of social aberrations.
Any deviation from that system will cause problems.
The system has been worked on for 75 years, and we've got it down at.
A Resourse-Based Economy is a method of operating society in the most economical and efficient way,
to meet the needs of all the world's people.
During the transition, It'll be highly participatory.
Different people on different professions will be able to serve the wellbeing of everyone else.
It is not a technical elitism, it includes all aspects of social living.
I don't want you to think that it's just a city design.
It's a value system. The way we thing, how we arrive at these conclusions,
in other words, you would see every inch of the way, as proposed by The Venus Project.
If you deviate from those systems, it may not be a tried system or a proven system.
The Venus Project is based upon a lot of research and proven methods of social change.
There are no values except the values that preserve nature, man and its relationship with its fellow men and nature.
This is the only laws I know of.
If you don't take care of the forest and you let them burn and die, we will suffer.
If we pollute the oceans, we will suffer. Those are things that I accept.
People do not understand The Venus Project, as in "The Fresco likes to dictate the ways."
I'd like to understand what they have to offer to all the society.
I'm not interested in three views to an airplane, unless I know what that plane is for.
What has to be done is people should investigate the educational system of The Venus Project, what it offers.
Then, it must then look into the environmental aspects of The Venus Project.
How we intend to support and restore the damaged environment.
Then, what different types of vehicles we would use for transportation.
How we solve the trasportation problem.
If they find shortcomings, then let's say: "Present your recommendations."
But don't say: "I don't like that system". Present your recommendations or alternatives.
[Roxanne Meadows] We have designed, just as I've said, for a new city.
Where people can come from all over the world and see...
It's a big kind of a transitional city, because you can't superimpose a Resource-Based Economy within a monetary system.
So it'll be a transition, and people would come and see how the city works,
and see how efficient it would be and then go back and build one in their country,
and it would kind of grow this way, a true evolution not revolution.
But before things break down in this culture,
we'd like to have a lot more information out there, so people know what to work toward.
And many of them won't be interested until, as Jacque mentioned,
they lose their jobs, they lose confidence in their elected leaders, and they lose their homes and their cars,
then they'll be looking for something else.
But we like to have the information out there, so they know a different direction to work towards.
[Jacque Fresco] - We have a lot of architects now joining the organization.
And they are working on 3D views of the cities, construction techniques, so it's a little early for that.
First you have to convince people that they want that.
And then when they say, "We are ready to go",
you've collected 50 million for the first city. We'll build in any place: China, France, England.
There would not be owned by The Venus Project, so we get
people from all over the world could come and look it and say "We'd to like to live that way"
[Peter Joseph] - Do you fell that there should be a political movement associated with The Venus Project?
[Jacque Fresco] - Not a politcal movement. An Educational movement.
- Very good. Yeah.
- All people. What it is that is needed, how much arable land to support so many people,
and transportation that would be safe,
and educational projects that shows how to utilize our existing resources in a more equitable way for all people.
[Roxanne ] - It's too bad that even the activists today that want to see change,
some of them, they don't know where the problems lie.
They try to make this system more ethical and just,
but never consider that it's the system that produces that aberrant behavior.
- Who's... who's going to pay for all this?
- Where is the money coming from?
If you took all of the gold and all of the wealth of this country,
all of the certificates of debt, and all of the land ownership,
all of the diamonds and rings, and dumped it off the coast of Japan,
as long as you didn't touch the American way of thinking,
our technology and our resources,
we would not be impoverished at all.
America's wealth is not its gold, is not its banking institutions.
These are false institutions. That the entire money-structured
and materialistic-oriented society is a false society.
10 or 15 years from now, our society
will go down in history as the lowest development in Man.
We have the brains, the know-how, the technology,
and the feasibility to build an entirely new civilization.
- You believe that we teach competition? That it's not bred into some-
- Competition is dangerous, socially offensive,
considered right and normal,
because you are brought up to that value system.
What kind of competition did Jesus have?
What kind of competition is there in your body?
Suppose your brain said, "I'm the most important organ!"
And the liver said, "I am. And I want a Free Enterprise system!"
You'd rot away in a month, if every organ
of your body went out for itself.
You cannot be a conventional architect, a conventional engineer,
work for the telephone company, or any other of the old establishment
and come up with an idea that is a radical innovation.
The space program takes new thinking; to save our country,
to save our land, to save our environment,
to save our youth. Our stupidity, our conflict...
we've got to reorganize our way of thinking
and reconsider our social aims.
I don't know what the future will be. But I can say that it's probably we'll kill each other.
But I can't live with that. So I speak up. I don't say, "The future will be this."
So people say: "How long from now do you see a scientific world?"
I don't know that. That's not up to me!
I can't say that Fresco tells the truth.
I can only say that Fresco's world
is based upon survey related to man and his relationship to the environment.
That's what I mean by "mechanistic".
It isn't that I want to direct the whole thing. I haven't gotten assistance from others
on how to build the buildings faster, that without knew.
So I had to innovate all this shit because I didn't get anything from others.
Academia is not The Venus Project.
Nor it is science as it is used today.
They wouldn't work on bombers if they were part of The Venus Project.
They wouldn't work on weapons. They wouldn't be patriotic.
[Journalist] - When you look at some of your designs... [Jacque Fresco] - Yes.
- ...and people say: "Yeah, look it's like you never see them in popular mechanics in the 50's,
so what's gonna be like in 1999?"
[Jacque Fresco] - No it's nothing like that.
Hollywood shows you spaceships and people using laser weapons...
They take the same cowboys and Indians and put them in spaceships. That is not the future.
That's man's concept of this limited society that doesn't teach you how to think and look ahead.
They teach you how to be a cameraman, automechanic, chemist or a structrural engineer...
They don't give you an overview of society.
When people say: "Are you trying to build a perfect society?" I have no notions of a perfect society.
I don't know what that means. I know that we can do much better of what we've got.
I'm no Utopian. I'm not a humanist, who would like to see everyone live in warmth and harmony.
I know that if we don't live that way, we'll kill each other and destroy the Earth.
We must put our mind to this as we do to put a man on the moon.
We must put our mind to the social problem.
I am not your enemy, I am not trying to destroy things.
I do not believe in revolution.
[Larry King] - Are you betting that people will not declare war on each other?
So that you can get at building all of this?
[Jacque Fresco] - Well, we don't have much choice.
We're going to destroy each other, or we're going to make it.
[Larry King] - [He's] social engineer, industrial designer,
designer and inventor, Ph.D in Human Factors Engineering,
and has worked on many things from anti-icing systems to
prefabricated aluminum houses, designed systems for noiseless
and pollution-free aircraft, wrote the book "Looking Forward".
He has lectured at the Department of Sociology
in Princeton on sociology of the future,
guest at the College Editors Environmental Conference in Washington,
lectured at Queens College, New York,
University of South Florida, University of California,
designed various items, ranging from drafting instruments to X-ray units.
And, so you know, don't just dismiss this.
If he says it's possible, it's possible.
[Jacque Fresco] "Time is running out. I don't know if I can get the people on this world cruise.
I'm doing my direst to get this information out there - I need your help!
We must remember that this is a much better system than the current one,
not some utopia, because such a thing doesn't exist.
Technology and discoveries are constantly moving, so...
You can not have the best technology and the best system,
it's a continuous process of progression.
For such a society, you need technology
that will free man from any unwanted work,
will produce plenty of goods and services,
and will lead automation to a new dimension.
A society in which everyone shares, and no one owns anything.
A society in which human beings use technology as extensions of themselves.
A highly educated society.
A society where information and technology will be accessible to all,
without any servitude.
A society where no one will be in charge, because it will not be needed.
A society without reasons for conflict.
A society where you will feel like a human being,
and the rest (technology, information, comfort, etc.)
will only be an extension of you.
[Excerpt from the film K-Pax]
- Come in.
- This is so much better.
- It's a lot like home...
- Well, uh, Prot?
I was hoping you'd tell me more about home.
- Well, what would you like to know?
- Well, uh, do you, um...
do you have a family on K-PAX?
It doesn't work on K-PAX the same way it works here, Mark.
On K-PAX, we don't have families in the way that you think of them.
In fact, a family would be a "non-sequitur" on our planet, as it could on most others.
- In other words, um...
You, uh...you never knew your parents?
- On K-PAX, children are not raised by their biological parents, Mark, but by everyone.
They circulate among us, learning from one and then another.
- Do you have a child? - No.
- Do you have a wife waiting back for you on K-PAX?
- Mark, Mark, Mark...
You are not really listening to what I'm saying to you, are you?
We do not have marriage on K-PAX.
There are no wives. There are no husbands.
There are no families.
- I see. So, um...
what about... societal structure?
- Government? - No, there's no need for one.
- You have no laws? - No laws. No lawyers.
- How do you know right from wrong?
Every being in the universe knows right from wrong, Mark.
- But what if...
if someone did do something wrong--
committed murder or rape--
how would you punish them?
- Let me tell you something, Mark.
You humans, most of you,
subscribe to this policy of "an eye for an eye",