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  • BLOCKO: Hey there, welcome to Life Noggin!

  • Back when I was in grade school, one of my classmates had Tourette Syndrome, a type of

  • neurological disorder.

  • People at school laughed and made fun of her.

  • But I'd like to think that if everyone knew more about her condition, they wouldn't

  • have treated her this way.

  • People with Tourette syndrome are already at a higher risk for depression and the bullying

  • they often face in school surely doesn't help.

  • So, to help make the world a more accepting and knowledgeable place, let's talk about

  • what Tourette Syndrome really is.

  • I brought my friend Mayim Bialik from YouTube and the TV show the big bang theory to help

  • explain!

  • MAYIM: Thanks Blocko!

  • The main manifestations of Tourette Syndrome are tics, which are uncontrollable and repetitive

  • movements, noises, and vocalizations.

  • Some can be painful, but most aren't.

  • Tics are separated into Simple Tics and Complex Tics.

  • The first are less obvious and only involve a few muscle groups.

  • They can show up as things like shoulder shrugging, head jerking, excessive sniffling, or lots

  • of blinking.

  • Vocal tics include grunting, repetitive clearing of the throat, and even barking.

  • When more muscle groups are involved or vocalizations are a bit more elaborate, that's when tics

  • are considered complex.

  • These can include a combination of movements like bending, flailing, jumping, and punching.

  • The uncontrollable use of swear words, derogatory phrases, and even racial slurs is another

  • type of complex tic, called coprolalia.

  • It only affects about 10-15% of people with Tourette's but it can be very stressful

  • and embarrassing for the person involved.

  • BLOCKO: It's known that the severity of these symptoms can be affected by one's

  • emotional state.

  • When people are calm and focused, symptoms are known to improve.

  • Tics are usually the worst during early teen years, but thankfully, most symptoms significantly

  • improve through late adolescence and some people grow out of them completely!

  • Tourette Syndrome is 3-4 times more likely to affect boys than girls and scientists are

  • beginning to realize that this condition is actually a whole lot more common than they

  • originally thought.

  • They now estimate that about one in every 160 kids have some variation of Tourette Syndrome.

  • It's known for a fact that people with Tourette's are at increased risk of developing depression

  • and substance abuse problems.[23] This could be due to the bullying, judgment, and alienation

  • they often experience, but various groups say that welcoming them with a supportive

  • environment can help them feel more comfortable.

  • MAYIM: The cause of Tourette's isn't yet known, but experts do know that genes play

  • a part.

  • It's thought that environmental and developmental factors do too.

  • Within the brain, there are a number of abnormalities that experts think could be connected to the

  • condition, but more research is needed to know for sure.

  • These abnormalities are seen in the frontal lobes, cortex, and basal ganglia, as well

  • as the circuits that connect them all and the neurotransmitters that help relay messages

  • between nerve cells.

  • BLOCKO: While there isn't a cure yet, a number of holistic and medicinal treatments

  • do exist.

  • Some people have found that exercising and singing has stopped their tics and something

  • called Cognitive Behavioral Intervention for Tics has been proven to reduce symptoms by

  • teaching people how to control their tics when they feel an urge to move!

  • In very severe cases of Tourette Syndrome, medications can be prescribed or brain devices

  • implanted but these scenarios are rare.

  • MAYIM: We hope that since now you know more about this condition, you'll be more understanding

  • and accepting of people with Tourette Syndrome.

  • BLOCKO: If you have this condition, and feel comfortable with sharing, let us know how

  • tourette syndrome has affected you.

  • What do you want other people to know about it?

BLOCKO: Hey there, welcome to Life Noggin!


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B1 中級

トゥレット症候群の原因は何ですか?マイム・ビアリック (What Causes Tourette Syndrome? ft. Mayim Bialik)

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    Evangeline に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日