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(modern pop music)
- Hello everyone, and welcome
back to English with Lucy.

Today, I've got a slightly
longer video lesson for you.

We're going to be
talking about vocabulary,

and more specifically, how to
describe people's appearances.

Now, this is a really,
really important topic.

It's normally one of the
first things that you learn

when you start to learn English,
but I want to go a bit more in depth.
Normally, people are able to
describe basic appearances.

I want to teach you slightly
more advanced vocabulary

so that you can really give
an accurate description

of people's appearances.
If you find understanding
me slightly difficult,

you can switch on subtitles,
and so you'll be able to

see the words at the bottom of the screen.
Quickly, before we get started,
this video will help you

with your speaking and your
writing and your vocabulary.

It will also help you with your listening,
because you will be listening to me
and learning more vocabulary.
But if you want to take your listening
and your pronunciation to the next level,
why not try audible.com.
Audible is a website where you can
download and listen to audio books.
They've got thousands of titles.
I listen to them myself
when I go on my long runs.

It takes me about a
marathon to finish a book,

but I really enjoy it.
If you download books in
English, it's an excellent way

of improving your listening
and your pronunciation.

They are giving you a free audio book.
All you have to do is click on the link
in the description box and sign up.
And if after one month
you don't want to pay,

you can cancel it, it's completely free.
I've recommended some books
in the description box
with British accents.

Let's get started with the lesson.
So, firstly, we're going to
talk about people's bodies.

And I think I'm going to start by
talking about height,
how tall somebody is.

So you might already
know these basic terms,

short and tall, short and tall.
But what about if somebody
is a normal height?

Well, there are a couple of
ways that you can express this.

You can say they are of average height,
they are of medium height.
If you want to be more precise and say
their actual height, in centimetres,
or feet and inches, you can say, "around".
So I would say I am around five foot six.
I'm actually five foot
five and a half, but

sometimes I say I'm five foot six.
Other words that you can
include are very or quite.

So, he is very tall,
or she is quite short.

Next, we have body type and weight.
Now, you have to be a little bit careful
when describing somebody's
body type or their weight,

because you can hurt their feelings.
So firstly, I'm going to give
you some positive adjectives

to describe somebody's
weight, and then afterwards,

I'll give you the more negative ones,
so that you can understand
when or when not to use them.

But, I will warn you, weight,
in the UK, especially,

and many other places in the world,
is a very sensitive subject, so,
if you think you might insult somebody,
it's often best not to
say anything at all.

But that's not my role here,
I'm teaching you words.

So, let's get started (laughs).
So, we have thin and fat.
These are generally considered
to be negative words.

So let's talk about some
positive alternatives.

For thin, you can describe
somebody as slender or slim.

They are really nice words.
If somebody called me slender
or slim, I'd be flattered.

Another word is lean, and this means
that they're just skin and muscle.
It's a positive word, because
it means they're in shape.

They're muscly, there's no
fat on them, they're lean.

You can also call
somebody petite, and this

is when somebody has a small build.
It's normally used to describe females
who have small shoulders,
they're quite short.

They're just like a woman, only smaller.
They're petite.
If somebody is very thin,
you can call them slight.

They're very slight.
And another one is lanky.
This means that somebody
is tall and very thin.

It means they've got long limbs, lanky.
If somebody has got a bit of meat on them,
you don't want to call them
fat, but some nice words

you can use are curvy, this
means that women have curves.

Curvaceous, as well, womanly, voluptuous,
this means normally that they've got
quite a big bum and big boobs.
They're normally flattering
when used in a non-creepy way.

For a man, stocky, well built, muscly.
Okay, now to touch on the negative words.
Some quite soft ones for
somebody who is larger

are plump, chubby, round.
This doesn't mean fat
or big, it just means

that they've got a
little bit extra on them

You can also say overweight,
large, big, heavy.

And if somebody is very
thin, you can call them

underweight, skinny, bony,
if you can see their bones.

One word that is often used
to describe very thin people

that shouldn't really be used is anorexic.
It's a medical term, it's
not actually an adjective

to describe somebody's
physical appearance.

So try to avoid that one.
Okay, let's move on to hair.
Now, there are two ways in which
you can talk about somebody's hair colour.
You can say to have, adjective, hair,
or to be, adjective, dash, haired.
For example, I have blonde hair.
I am blonde-haired.
The second one is a bit
of a mouthful actually,

to be blonde-haired.
I am blonde-haired.
You can also just say, I am blonde.
But that's better to use for colours
that are very specific to hair colours,
like blonde, and ginger, and brunette.
So I am blonde, I am ginger,
I am brunette, that's fine.

But if you say, I am white, or I am black,
it could be confused with skin-colour.
So it's best to say I am
black-haired, I have white hair.

So we've got a huge spectrum
of colours that you can be.

I'm going to talk about
the most common ones,

but they are quite
specific, and you might not

have heard of them all before.
So let's start with the lightest,
and move to the darkest.

So, we have white, then
we have grey, then we have

platinum blonde, and this
is white-blonde hair.

It's normally not a natural
colour, but some people

are lucky enough to have
naturally white-blonde

or platinum hair, it's a
really interesting colour.

Then we have blonde.
If it's a bit darker, it
could be called golden.

And then, if it's a
bit darker than blonde,

there are two ways you can describe it.
If it's blonde, almost brown,
you can say dirty blonde.

If it's blonde, almost ginger,
you can say strawberry blonde.
Then we have ginger, which is more orange,
and red, which is a darker
red colour, obviously.

After that, you have mousy brown,
which is a light brown colour.
Then brown, then brunette, as well,
which is another way of saying brown hair.
It's normally a bit darker.
Then, dark brown, and then black.
Now, if you don't want to
specify a colour of hair

or skin or eyes, and you just
want to say light or dark,

you can say fair for light, or
dark for the darker colours.

So, I am fair, I have fair
eyes, fair hair, and fair skin.

This means I am just light.
Somebody else might have dark
hair, dark eyes, dark skin.

So, we normally use fair or dark.
So, what about hair length.
Well, if you have no
hair, then you are bald.

I am bald.
In a video that I did on Aly's channel,
Papa Teach Me English, I was bald.
If you would like to see me with no hair,
and, well, no feminine
makeup, different makeup,

then you can click up there.
See if you recognise me,
I look slightly different.

Then you have short hair, long hair.
But then in between, you can have a bob,
I have a bob haircut, in my first videos,
I had very short hair in a bob haircut.
I didn't ask for that
haircut, it was a surprise.

Shoulder-length hair,
medium-length hair, long hair.

If you want to say how long your hair is,
you can say, "My hair goes down to my ..."
So, my hair goes down to my armpit.
My hair goes down to my waist.
As far as hair texture,
you can have straight hair,

wavy hair, curly hair, afro hair,
which is really, really dense curls.
The quality of your hair
can also be described.

If your hair is very soft,
it can be silky or shiny.

If it's not soft, if it's quite damaged,
you can say you have dry hair,
or you can say it's straw-like.
So, let's move on to the subject of skin.
This again, is a more difficult one.
So, we have the spectrum
of white and black.

But different people like to
be called different things.

So, I would call myself white.
I have a lot of friends with darker skin
who are often called black, but
they would actually
prefer to be called brown.

I would say when in
doubt, use fair or dark

to describe somebody's skin tone.
Now, in the middle, we have tanned.
This means that you've
been blessed by the sun,

you've caught a sun tan,
you've gone brown in the sun.

And in British English, we say tanned,
and in American English, they say tan.
If you're not tanned, then you are pale.
And that is what I am all of the time.
I am always pale, even
when I go on holiday.

Now, let's move on to eye colour.
Again, you can use fair or dark.
Fair eyes, light eyes, dark eyes.
So you can say, to have, adjective, eyes,
or to be, adjective, dash, eyed.
So, I have grey eyes, I am grey-eyed.
I am dark-eyed.
Most of the colours are pretty simple,
blue, brown, green, black, grey, brown.
I've said brown, haven't I?
But one colour that's used
quite frequently is hazel.

If you have a sort of a browny-green eye,
it can be called hazel.
So, they have hazel eyes.
Now, lips.
You can have thin lips, but
if you want to talk about

somebody with big lips, you
can say they have full lips.

So if somebody has big, kissy, pouty lips,
you can say they have very full lips.
If somebody has really sticky
out lips and speaks like this,

you can call them pouty lips.
But yes, full or thin, really.
Next, you can talk about noses.
So, big or small,
obviously, are the basics.

If somebody has a bend in their nose,
it can be called a crooked
nose, a crooked nose.

If they haven't got a bend in their nose,
it can be a straight nose.
If somebody has a small nose,
you can call it a button nose.

If they've got a hook, a hooked nose.
If somebody's nose is like this,
it's a turned up nose,
or an upturned nose.

Face shape, I looked
online, and apparently

there are nine different face shapes,
but we're going to talk about four today.
You have oval, round, heart-shaped,
which ends in a point, and square,
if somebody has a square jaw.
What about general appearance.
I did do a video with Anna
from English like a Native

about compliments, and we discussed
some of the ways in which
you can compliment people.

So, that's the positive adjectives.
I will cover them in this lesson,
but if you'd like to see
that, you can click up there.

But, it's quite good to separate
them into male and female,

because one adjective that
might be really, really

flattering and positive for a male
might actually be quite
insulting for a female.

Adjectives that could be used for both,
the positive ones, attractive,
beautiful, stunning,

which means somebody is
just amazingly-beautiful.

But then, just for men, there's handsome,
and just for women, there is pretty.
Now if you described a woman as handsome,
you might be insinuating
that she has manly features.

In the same way that if
you described a woman,

In the same way, that if you
described a man as pretty,

you might be saying he has
quite feminine features,

which is not always something
that somebody wants.

Negative ones, you could
have ugly or plain.

Other ways of describing people,
you can describe them as
masculine or feminine,

boyish, manly, girly, womanly.
Right, your homework
is to describe yourself

in as much detail as possible.
Put it in the comments and I can't wait
to see your descriptions.
Also, if you can add any more vocabulary,
then definitely include that
in your description, as well.

That's it for today's lesson.
Don't forget to check out audible.com.
All of the information is
in the description box.

I hope you enjoyed this lesson.
I really hope you learned something.
I've given you a lot of information.
Don't forget to connect with
me on all of my social media.

I've got my Facebook, my
Instagram, and my Twitter.

And I will see you soon
for another lesson.

Mwah!
(slow pop music)
コツ:単語をクリックしてすぐ意味を調べられます!

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How to describe APPEARANCE in English

543 タグ追加 保存
Amanda Chang 2018 年 3 月 17 日 に公開
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