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Hi. Welcome to engVid. I'm Adam.
In today's video I want to talk to you
about a particular type of adjective

that many people often confuse, especially beginners, but
this is also good for intermediate, even advanced students.

We're talking about the "ed" and
the "ing" adjectives. Okay?

So, for example: "bored" and "boring",
"interested" and "interesting".

Now, the reason it's important to know the
difference between these is because what you

say about yourself sometimes, how you describe
things can be very confusing to a native speaker

especially, but to other people
as well if you mix these two up.

Now, what does it mean to be bored
and what does it mean to be boring?

When we talk about "bored",
we're describing a feeling.

When we talk about "interested",
we're describing a feeling.

So all of the "ed" adjectives are actually
feelings, and you can only use them to talk

about people and
sometimes animals.

Because things, like chairs, or tables,
or whatever, they don't have feelings.

A movie, a book doesn't
have feelings.

TV shows, for example, movies, books,
whatever, they cause a feeling in a person.

So the "ing" adjectives
cause the feeling.

The "ed" adjectives
are the feeling.

Okay? So very important.
Only people and animals for the "ed", and
for the "ing" you can use people, animals,

things, situations, places, ideas, basically
any noun because you're describing them.

You're describing how
they make people feel.

So now you're wondering: "Well, I have
people here and I have people here,

so how can I use 'boring'
for people and for...

And 'bored' for people?"
Sorry. So what we have here, again,
feeling and cause of feeling.

So if you say: "I'm bored" means that I'm not
having fun, I want to go do something else.

If I say: "I am boring" means you're not
having fun and want to go do something else.

So if I am boring means
that you are bored.

If the movie is boring,
then I am bored. Okay?

So one thing-the "ing"-causes
the feeling-"ed"-in the person.

Very important to
understand that.

So: "I am bored by the
movie which is boring.

I am interested in this lesson because
this lesson is very interesting."

"I'm excited, something
is exciting."

So, for example, I'm excited to go see the
concert because this artist is very exciting,

this singer or whatever.
"I am worried", now people don't realize that
"worried" can have "worrying" as another adjective.

"The situation is worrying" means the
situation is making me feel worried.

Okay? Maybe the whole global
political situation, whatever.

Now, hopefully none of you are confused by
this lesson because I'm trying to make it

not confusing.
Okay? Everybody okay with that?
So very important to understand all these
nouns can use "ing" because they're creating

the feeling, all these adjectives can only be
used for people, again, sometimes animals.

A dog sees...
Sees you coming home after a
long day, gets very excited.

Its, you know, tail
wagging in the back.

Dogs don't usually get bored,
they just go to sleep.

So, animals sometimes.
Now, I just want to point out one other thing:
Don't confuse feeling adjectives with "ed"

with actual feelings.
If somebody is loved,
does he feel loved?

Maybe yes, maybe no.
We're not talking about
that person's feelings.

"Hated", "envied", these are all feeling
words, but these are all verbs.

"He is loved" means
somebody loves him or her.

"She is loved.", "This
person is hated."

But we can also use
these about things.

"The company is hated."
So some companies they do not such nice things
or maybe they go to a poor country and use

very cheap labour, so
this company is hated.

So people hate this company.
So keep in mind that these are feeling words,
but used as verbs; whereas these are other

verbs used as adjectives.
Okay? Very important to
distinguish between these words.

I hope this was clear enough.
One more thing to say, there's a very long list of
these kinds of adjectives, you can just Google them

if you need to or you can even ask
me in the forum at www.engvid.com.

There's a place you can ask questions, feel
free to ask me about other examples of these.

But there's also a quiz at www.engvid.com
where I'll give you more examples of these

kinds of adjectives, and you can
practice using them in sentences.

Make sure you understand the
context: "Is somebody feeling this?

Is something causing this?" etc.
Also, give me a like if you like this video,
and don't forget to subscribe to my channel.

And I'll see you again very
soon for another good lesson.

Hopefully an interesting lesson so
you're interested and not confused.

See you then.


Bored or Boring? Learn about -ED and -ING adjectives in English

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列空坐 2018 年 3 月 12 日 に公開
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