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  • Hi, everyone.

  • In today's lesson we're going to look at Chinese astrology, and I'm going to teach you adjectives

  • that you can use to describe a personality.

  • Now, to do this lesson, you don't have to believe in astrology and you don't have to

  • be that much interested in astrology either.

  • If you do like astrology like I do, then it's even better because you'll learn something

  • about astrology and also some really useful vocabulary for you to use.

  • The way this lesson is organized is that the animals in Chinese astrology are like the

  • signs in Western astrology, and people have different animals to represent them.

  • So, in Chinese astrology, what they do is put the animals into different groups, and

  • there are five groups.

  • We start here with the earth signs, then the wood signs, the fire signs, and later we have

  • the water signs, and the metal signs.

  • And what you can do now is check: Which animal represents you in Chinese astrology?

  • So you just check the year that you were born, and that will show you what animal describes

  • your personality.

  • First of all, we'll start with the ox.

  • The ox is my sign in Chinese astrology.

  • And we don't have any oxes here in England, but the closest thing to an ox would be, like,

  • a big cow or a bull, but we don't have them over here.

  • So, what would describe the ox's personality is to say somebody who is reliable, hardworking,

  • strong, and stubborn.

  • If you think about a...

  • If you...

  • If you imagine the picture of an ox in your head, they have a big, strong body, so they're

  • physically strong, they're reliable, you can trust them to do the work that you need them

  • to do.

  • Even if an ox is tired in the field from working, the ox is so strong that it will continue

  • working.

  • And an ox is also stubborn.

  • It will not...

  • If it's decided what it wants to do, it will not change its mind.

  • And one of my mom's dogs is very, very stubborn for a dog.

  • If I take him for a walk, he decides where he wants to go, and he always want to go to

  • the same park so he can play with his ball.

  • If I try to take him somewhere else, he just stands there and he's so heavy to move, he

  • won't move.

  • He's really, really stubborn.

  • He wants to go to the park, and that's it.

  • He'll just stand like that until I take him to the park.

  • Next animal is the dragon.

  • The dragon is...

  • Well, it's not a real animal, or is it?

  • I don't know.

  • It's not a real animal, but it's confident, imaginative, dazzling, and fiery.

  • So, dragon personalities, dragon people have so much charisma and energy in their personality.

  • Other people look at the dragon as someone that's amazing and unusual in lots of ways.

  • And I heard once, but I don't know if it's true-let me know if it is true in the comments-that

  • in China the years that are the dragon years, many parents want to have a child born in

  • a dragon year, so I heard that there are small baby booms every dragon year.

  • Let me know if you know if that's true.

  • So, a confident person is the opposite of shy, they know what they want, they can go

  • for what they want.

  • An imaginative person, they have many ideas and they think of things first before other people.

  • They're dazzling.

  • Usually we say lights are dazzling when they...

  • They're bright, but they move a bit in your eye, we say: "Oh, it's dazzling", and the

  • dragon dazzles us because it's so amazing.

  • And also the dragon is fiery.

  • Obviously a dragon can breathe fire on us, and in that way the dragon is fiery, but people

  • who are fiery, they have quite a strong temper.

  • You don't want to...

  • You don't want that dragon to be angry with you because you might get scared.

  • Next we have the sheep.

  • People who are born in the Year of the Sheep, we could call them innocent, patient, humble,

  • and conformist people.

  • So, if you think in your head, imagine...

  • Imagine a scene with some sheep in the countryside on the farm with the shepherd, their lives

  • are very innocent in the field.

  • We look at them, they look like fluffy clouds, they always...

  • You never see a sheep looking angry or in a different mood; they always look the same.

  • And especially if we think about young sheep, which are called lambs, lambs are often in

  • religious stories and lambs are a symbol of innocence.

  • And lambs are sometimes a symbol for Jesus as well.

  • So, when the lamb gets older into the sheep, it's not so innocent, but it has a lot of

  • the gentleness of the sheep.

  • A sheep is also patient, it's just in the field, it has nowhere to go and not really

  • a lot to do, so it can wait a long time for the things that it wants.

  • It's humble.

  • The best way to describe "humble" is to describe the opposite.

  • The opposite of humble is someone who has a lot of pride and they think that they're

  • so important, and they think that they're the best at everything, whereas humble is...

  • A humble person would be somebody who lives a simple life, they don't think that they're

  • really special and really important, much like the sheep, but you can also say that

  • sheep are very conformist.

  • They all do the same thing as each other.

  • "What's that sheep doing?

  • I better do it, too.

  • That sheep's going over there, I'll go over there, too."

  • So the sheep follow each other.

  • They don't like to be different from the group.

  • Or we could say about the sheep, they don't like to think different things.

  • They want to all be thinking the same thing as the other sheep.

  • Next we have the Year of the Dog.

  • Someone born in the Year of the Dog is a loyal person, they are protective, they're friendly,

  • and hierarchical.

  • So we say in English, talking about dogs, that they're man's best friend.

  • They're so loyal.

  • Sometimes when a...

  • When an owner has had a very, very close bond with their dog, but the owner dies because

  • they're elderly, for example, sometimes the dog is so loyal that the dog will go to sit

  • on the grave of their owner who died.

  • Okay, it doesn't happen every day, but it has...

  • It has happened that some dogs are so loyal that they remember forever their owner who

  • has died.

  • They're protective, we know that because dogs guard our houses, they stop burglars coming

  • in, and they bark loudly if somebody...

  • Somebody comes in your house who shouldn't be there.

  • They're friendly, you know, dogs always wag their...

  • Wag their tails, don't they?

  • And they're hierarchical, which means I'm top dog, I'm the boss, and then the other

  • dogs in the pack, they will be at different levels.

  • I saw some...

  • I saw some stray...

  • A saw a community of stray dogs from my house when I was living in Turkey, and it was really

  • interesting to watch them because they would have food there, people would tuck food in this...

  • Well, what was it?

  • It was a piece of unused land where the dogs had gone in under the fence and they had taken

  • over.

  • It was dog city there, but they did have some food.

  • And when I would watch them I found out that the top dog, the boss of the dogs, that dog

  • was the only dog that ate the food, and what he would leave would be...

  • The dog underneath him could...

  • After he was gone, the dog underneath him could come and eat something, but all the

  • other dogs, and there were probably about 20 of them, could only watch them eat.

  • And they were always shaking and scared.

  • So, in the dog society, only one dog got to eat.

  • And it made me think about the way humans live as well, as I reflected on dog society.

  • Okay, so now let's look at the wood signs.

  • The tiger, and people born in the Year of the Tiger, are fierce people.

  • They are wild, they are regal, and aggressive.

  • So a lot of these words, they make us think about how...

  • We think about the tiger attacking, because the tiger is probably the most scary of all

  • animals you could find in a jungle, because you'd probably become the lunch of the tiger.

  • It's so fierce.

  • It has big claws that it can kill its prey with or kill you with, if you're in the wrong place. It's wild.

  • A tiger is very different to the domestic cat, which we can stroke and we can...

  • Not all of them, but many of them, we can get close to the domesticated cat; whereas

  • a tiger, we must always be afraid of the tiger.

  • Not many...

  • Not many people in zoos can touch the tigers because they're the most...

  • One of the most fierce animals in the zoo.

  • Tigers are also regal, that has to do with...

  • Something to do with being royal.

  • Because they're so, so special, really, there's not many of them in the world, and I think

  • it could be because the tiger moves with so much elegance and also a tiger has...

  • The patterns on the tiger's...

  • The stripes.

  • The stripes or the zig-zags on the tiger's skin, they are so beautiful for the whole

  • animal kingdom, it's as special as an amazing...

  • An amazing outfit that a king or queen is wearing, so in that way a tiger is regal.

  • It's not...

  • It's so special.

  • It's not like an everyday animal.

  • Also aggressive.

  • The tiger can pounce on you and attack you.

  • People born in the Year of the Rabbit are sweet, caring, modest, and anxious.

  • If we think about rabbits, we think about the Easter Bunny, obviously that's very sweet,

  • we see the rabbits holding a basket of eggs maybe, with its nice ears and a little smiley face.

  • It's very sweet.

  • They're cute animals.

  • We like to...

  • We think they're adorable, we like to look at them.

  • Rabbits are caring in the sense that...

  • Well, I don't really...

  • I don't really know if rabbits are caring, but people who are born in the Year of the

  • Rabbit are caring people; they like to look after other people.

  • They're modest.

  • "Modest" means, similar to shy and similar to not making yourself really important and

  • really big.

  • So, a rabbit...

  • If a rabbit did something really special and amazing, the rabbit is modest, so it wouldn't

  • tell everybody about it.

  • They wouldn't say: "Oh, guess what I did?"

  • Or: "Did you hear what I did?"

  • They're modest, so they keep their...

  • They keep their achievements and the good things about them, they don't tell everyone.

  • Also, of course, the rabbit and people born in the Year of the Rabbit are anxious people.

  • If we think about what happens when you surprise a bunny in the road, the bunny gets so shocked

  • that it can't move.

  • We say: "Like a rabbit in the headlights, in the headlights of a car."

  • So shocked it can't move.

  • And some people are like that as well, they're so anxious that they freeze and they can't

  • speak.

  • Next we have the fire signs.

  • We have the snake.

  • People born in the Year of the Snake are philosophical, elegant, and two-faced.

  • If we think about the snake in mythology or famous stories, what comes to mind to me straight

  • away is the snake in the Garden of Eden, and the snake was the animal that went to Eve

  • and told her about the tree of knowledge.

  • So, the snake is...

  • I've put philosophical there because what the snake knows...

  • It isn't just that the snake's intelligent, the snake thinks about things on a level of

  • philosophy or on a level of religion, a sort of...

  • A sort of higher level of ideas and thinking than most people use in their everyday life.

  • The snake is also elegant.

  • If we think about handbags and shoes that are often made from snakeskin, and the way

  • a snake looks very shiny.

  • But I don't know if you've ever touched a snake, it can really surprise you the way

  • it actually feels, because when you touch a snake it feels really muscular and strong.

  • It can surprise you because it looks slimy and wet, but it isn't.

  • And also the snake person can be described as two-faced.

  • You can't really trust the snake, they might say this to you, but really be thinking something

  • else; or really say something else to someone else.

  • Like the snake that I mentioned in the Bible story, that snake was...

  • What the snake said to Eve had very, very big consequences in the religion.

  • So, some people would say you couldn't...

  • You couldn't trust the snake in that situation.

  • And this is why we have sayings, like...

  • We can describe someone who is a traitor, somebody that we can't trust, we know we can't

  • trust, we can call them a snake in the grass.

  • "A snake in the grass" is they're there, they haven't done anything yet, they haven't attacked,

  • but they're just waiting there, and one day they might do something where they show that

  • they're a traitor and you can't trust them.

  • Just thinking about it now, I would say that all signs have a good side and a bad side

  • to them.

  • I know that it makes it sound like the snake is the only bad one.

  • That's not true; they all have positive and negative sides to them.

  • So, whatever you think of when you consider those animals in your mind, when you see a

  • picture of them, those meanings can be true as well, whether they're positive meanings

  • or negative meanings.

  • Let's do the last two signs now.

  • Now we've got our final signs to look at.

  • We have the metal signs and the water signs.

  • The metal sign animals are monkey and rooster.

  • I'll talk you through monkey now.

  • So, if you were born in the Year of the Monkey, I could describe you as quick-witted, agile,

  • funny, and cheeky.

  • Quick-witted, we could just remove the word "witted", a quick person is like intelligent,

  • someone who thinks very fast.

  • When we say "quick-witted", it adds...

  • It adds a little something to "quick".

  • Someone who is quick-witted, they would think of clever jokes to say, maybe word play, and

  • they would have a clever sense of humour.

  • I think that's how "witted" is a little bit different to just "quick".

  • Agile, if we think about monkeys, they are climbing and swinging off things all the time.

  • I know a little girl who's born in the Year of the Monkey, and she's always...

  • She