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Hello. My name is Emma, and in today's video we
are going to talk about love and romance, and

all those wonderful
relationship words.

So, this video is very important when we're
talking about conversational English and English

vocabulary, because a lot of what
we talk about is relationships.

Maybe if we don't have a relationship, we
might talk about our friends' relationships

or our family's relationships, so
it's good to know these words.

So, we're going to talk about some of the more
common words you'll hear people talk about.

For example, maybe you've wondered before:
"What's the difference between: 'spouse',

'husband', and 'partner'?
When do I use these
different terms?"

Well, that's a great question.
"What do you call a girlfriend or
boyfriend when you're in your 60s?"

That's a great question, too.
So we have a lot of these questions students often
ask, so in this video I'm going to answer them.

So let's get started.
To start with, let's
talk about marriage.

Getting married.
What do you call
somebody who is married?

Well, there are multiple things you
can call a person who is married.

If we're looking at traditional terms, so terms
a lot of people use that are more traditional,

you might hear somebody talk about "a husband"
if they're talking about a man who is married,

you might hear them talk about their "hubby" if
they're talking about a husband in an informal

So, for example, I could talk about my husband
or my hubby, they have the same meaning and

they're talking about a man.
I can also, if I'm talking about a woman,
we can use the word "wife": "My wife".

If we're talking about more than one husband,
we can just add an "s" and say: "husbands".

And if we're talking about more than one wife,
we actually have to change the spelling from

"f" to "v" and add an "s", and
so this is pronounced: "wives".

"Wife", "wives".

So these are women
and these are men.

We also have another term
which I like: "spouse".

So, "spouse" is a word that can mean either
a husband or a wife, it's a different word,

but the point is that it can
be a man or a woman. Okay?

So you can talk about: "My spouse", "Your
spouse", "How long have you and your spouse

been married?"
If you're having trouble remembering this
word, you can think about a mouse, maybe a

mouse who's married, that can help you remember
the word "spouse" because it rhymes with "mouse".

So these are more the traditional terms we use
when we talk about people who are married.

We also have less traditional terms that
are very common and many people use.

A less traditional term might
be the term "partner".

When we're talking about partner, you have
your business partners, but in a relationship

when you're talking about romance and
love, you can also have a partner.

So, "a partner" is someone you
are in a relationship with.

So, in this case, "partner" can mean that
you're married to the person, so maybe you're

married, but it's not necessary.
So some people use the term "partner" when
they're talking about who they're married

to, and other people use the word "partner" and
they're not married, so it can mean married

or not.
We can also use "partner"...
It's genderless, meaning we don't know if
the partner refers to a man, a woman, or a

different gender.
We also don't know if the person is in a same-sex
relationship, or a gay or lesbian relationship,

or if they're in a heterosexual
or a straight relationship.

So, the word "partner" is...
It's different than the more traditional terms
because there's a lot of information that

people might not want to share, so they
might use the word "partner" instead.

Or maybe "husband" and "wife", those terms
don't apply, so they like the word "partner".

You might also hear somebody talk about their
"life partner", which is another way to say

"partner" or their
"domestic partner".

Another way to talk about somebody you're
in a relationship with, if you're in a very

serious relationship, is you can
talk about your "significant other".

So this is a long word, let's say
this together: "sig-nif-i-cant".

So, "a significant other" is somebody who's been
in a relationship with somebody else for...

They're in a serious

Again, "significant other" can mean the person
is married, but it can also mean they're not

married; they can just...
They can be in a
long-term relationship.

So, key point here is: Listen to
what people use, and use that.

So, for example, if somebody is talking about
their husband, you can talk about their husband;

if somebody talks about their partner, maybe
you might want to use the word "partner",

too, when you're
talking about them.

So listen carefully to how people talk about
this, and it's always a good idea to use what

people are using.
All right, so now let's look at some other
key relationship words when we're talking

about people in relationships.
Okay, so a lot of people have different preferences
on how to talk about their relationships.

So, we've talked about the word "partner"
which can mean you're married to the person

or you're dating the person.
Another way we can talk about somebody that
we're dating or that we're in a relationship

with is we can call them "our boyfriend" when
we're talking about a man or "our girlfriend"

when we're talking
about a woman.

Some people don't like these terms, especially
when they're older because they feel like

"boyfriend" and "girlfriend" sound a little bit
childish, like you're talking about somebody

in high school, and so if you're 60 or 70 years
old, maybe you might not like these terms.

But other people love these
terms and there's...

They have no problem
saying them.

So, again, there's a lot of different
people who use different terms.

Some people who might not like these terms
might use the word "partner" instead, whereas

other people might use these.
So, "boyfriend" is when we're talking about
a man, "girlfriend" is when we're talking

about a woman.
So, some students wonder: "Why don't we say:
'manfriend' and why don't we say: 'womanfriend'?

Doesn't that make more sense when
you're talking about older people?"

I think you're right, but unfortunately, these
terms nobody uses and if you use these terms

it wouldn't sound correct, so we do not use
the word "manfriend" or "womanfriend"; we

use "girlfriend" or "boyfriend".
A lot of students also want to know: "How do
you talk about your friends who are girls

or your friends who are boys that you're not in a
relationship with but they're just your friends?"

Well, one thing you can do is you can use the
word "female friend" instead of "girlfriend".

So, in this case, a female friend,
you're not in a relationship with.

Or you could use the word: "My male friends"
when you're talking about men, and, again,

you're not in a
relationship with them.

So these are ways to talk about friends, whereas
these are ways to talk about people you're

in a relationship with.
All right, the next word I have here: "lover"
is something that is not really used. Okay?

So, it has a bit of a sexual meaning behind
it or connotation, so we don't really use

the word "lover", so please, if you're in
a relationship and you want to talk about

your partner, or your husband, or your wife,
don't say: "My lover" because it will kind

of weird people out.
But you do see this in, for example, Romeo
and Juliet: "Star-crossed lovers"; or you

might see this in books, especially older
books; and some movies, but we don't use it

in conversation.
You might hear somebody
say: "My better half".

So, when someone talks about their better
half, they're making a joke because they're

saying that there's two people in the relationship,
and the other person is the better one, the

better half of the relationship.
So you might have somebody say:
"Oh, have you seen my better half?

I'm looking for my better half", which might
mean: "I'm looking for my boyfriend", or:

"I'm looking for my husband",
"I'm looking for my partner".

So you do hear this
from time to time.

Another term we use a lot when we
talk about relationships is "couple".

"A couple" is two, so when we're talking about a
couple and we're talking about relationships,

we're talking about two people
who are in a relationship.

So you might say: "Oh, you know, Romeo
and Juliet were a cute couple."

Or, you know, you might think about a celebrity
pairing: "Oh, you know, Nicole Kidman and

Tom Cruise were not
a good couple."

I don't know, but you can use the term "couple" when
you're talking about two people in a relationship.

"My bloke", "bloke" is British; we don't use
this in Canada or the US, but a lot of people

in England will use
the term: "My bloke".

I don't know about the other parts of
Britain, or Australia, or New Zealand.

You know, if somebody knows, you can write
me in the comments about that, but I know

in England they use the word "my bloke"
to mean a man you're going out with.

So you might say: "Oh,
you know, my bloke...

I'm seeing my bloke tonight."
Again, this isn't something
we use in Canada or the US.

Okay, so sometimes relationships end and people
are really sad, and you're no longer partners,

you're no longer boyfriend or girlfriend,
you're no longer husband and wife, so what

do you call that person when
the relationship is finished?

You can say: "My ex".

And you can add: "My ex-boyfriend", "My ex-girlfriend",
"My ex-wife", "My ex-husband" or you can just

say: "My ex".

So this is when a relationship is broken,
it's over, this is what you call the person.

So now let's look at a couple more expressions
we use when we're talking about relationships.

Okay, so we've talked about
all these relationship terms.

One thing a lot of people notice is that a
lot of our relationship terms have the word

"law" in it, so I'm going to talk about
some of these terms and what they mean.

So the first type of "law" term we're
going to talk about is "common-law".

Some people are in a common-law
relationship or a common-law partnership.

What "common-law" means is it
means that two people love...

Or are together in a relationship, they live
together, but they're not married. Okay?

So this is a common-law

Depending on the country you're in, the amount
of time you have to live together might vary,

so in some places it might be you've lived
together for two years, now you're in a common-law

relationship; in other places
it might be longer or shorter.

So, again: "common-law", you're not
married but you live together.

So this is very different from the next term
I'm going to teach you, which is "in-law".

What's "an in-law"?
"An in-law" is a person who is
family through marriage. Okay?

So, family through marriage is an in-law,
and we have different types of in-laws.

So, for example, we have
a "brother-in-law".

Your brother-in-law is your
spouse's brother. Okay?

Or it can also be your
sister's or brother's spouse.

So we use "in-law" in a lot of ways, but pretty
much anyone who is your family through marriage,

you will use the term "in-law".
So you can have a sister-in-law, you can
have a father-in-law, a mother-in-law. Okay?

So these are the ways we
use the word "in-law".

We can also use "in-laws" when we're talking
about the family in general, the family we're

connected through marriage to.
We might say something like: "I'm visiting my
in-laws this weekend", and so this usually

will mean the father-in-law and the mother-in-law,
maybe the brother- or sister-in-law.

But when you're talking about in-laws
you're talking about your spouse's family.

So you will hear this a lot in conversation
because a lot of people have in-laws and visit

their in-laws, so it's a
very important word to know.

So, thank you for watching.
We have covered a lot of relationship words
and a lot of couple words, so I hope you've

learned something.
And I also invite you to come visit our website
at www.engvid.com; there, you can do a quiz

where you can test yourself on all the terms you
learned today to make sure you understand them.

I also would like to invite you
to subscribe to my channel.

On my channel we have a whole bunch of different
resources on pronunciation, writing, reading,

grammar, vocabulary, and a lot of general
English as well, so please check that out.

Until next time, thank you
for watching and take care.



Learn English Vocabulary : The people we LOVE : spouse, girlfriend, partner, husband...

112 タグ追加 保存
Jenn 2018 年 2 月 13 日 に公開
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