字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント Hello. My name is Emma, and I have a question for you. I want you to imagine this. Imagine you have a big English test that's going to happen very soon. What do you do? Okay? And I want you to be honest. Do you open up your book and study right away, and every day study for your test? Do you think about your test, feel a little bit sad and maybe go on Facebook? Do you, instead of studying, text your friends? Or do you think about studying, but instead just watch TV? Okay, a lot of students will say that they open up their book and study, but in reality a lot of people don't do this. A lot of people before tests or presentations or work get really, really nervous, and they do something different. Okay? They don't want to do the studying, they don't want to do the hard work, they're really afraid to do it so instead they do something like go on Facebook, call their friends, go to the mall. Okay? These are all examples, two, three, and four that is... These three are examples of procrastination. Okay? So, "procrastination" is maybe a new word for you, but it's a very, very important word if you are a student or, you know, even if you work. It's actually an important word for everybody because most people procrastinate. So what does procrastination mean? Well, it's when you have something you have to do, but instead of doing what you have to do, you do something else that's more fun, and you keep thinking: "I'll come back to this", but you're very busy with these other things. So let's look at some examples of the word procrastination. We have it as a verb, an action: "I am procrastinating." Because I'm not studying, I'm on Facebook, I'm procrastinating. "I'm not studying. I procrastinate a lot." Here we have another verb form. Okay? "I procrastinate a lot", which means: I don't study, I don't do my English homework; instead, I spend a lot of time texting my friends and doing anything but English. I can also use it as a noun: "My procrastination is really bad." Okay? My procrastination is bad. I have a problem with procrastination. So this means I have a problem getting stuff done because I don't really want to do it, I'd rather focus on doing Facebook or something else. Or we can also have it as a noun to say what we are. "I'm a procrastinator." A procrastinator is a person. Okay? So I'm a teacher, that's a person. When I was in university sometimes I was a procrastinator. This means before any big test or presentation I'd start working on it, and then I'd do something else because I'm a procrastinator. Okay? So let's... We're going to talk about why people procrastinate, and then we're going to talk about how to fight procrastination. Okay? Because it's something we all need to fight. Okay, so why do people procrastinate? That's a very good question. Okay? So, different people procrastinate for different reasons, but usually a lot of the times people have the same reasons for procrastinating. People procrastinate when they think something is difficult. Okay? So for me I find math difficult, so when I used to do math I would procrastinate and I would do something else like, you know, make a sandwich or clean my room even because the math seemed so difficult to me, anything was better than doing the math. So I would always get distracted. A lot of people find English grammar difficult, and when they're studying grammar a lot of the times they procrastinate, they text their friends or they, you know, do anything but grammar. Boring. A lot of people procrastinate when something is boring. They don't want to do it because it's... You know, they want to do something interesting. People procrastinate when something is a lot of work. Okay? And they know it's a lot of work, so they look at the task and it's just too much, so then they want to feel good, so they do something else. A lot of people also procrastinate just because they're scared or they're afraid. They want to do something well, and they don't think that they can so it well, so you know... Or, you know, they're worried about making mistakes, so a lot of the times people procrastinate because of fear. People procrastinate because of stress. You know, they have stressful jobs, they have all these stressful things going on, so they just want to relax. They don't want to do things that cause stress. Because if you think about it, you want to be doing something, you know, that makes you feel happy. For a lot of these things because they don't make you feel happy you don't want to do them, and that's why people procrastinate. But you'll actually find that usually the thing that you have to do isn't that bad. It's actually your mind and the way you think about things that make it seem very bad and very scary, but a lot of the times actually it's just once you start it's a lot easier. So let's look at some ways to fight procrastination, because almost everybody procrastinates and there are some really good ways to stop procrastinating. So, I want you to think about something in your life right now, something that you have to do but you don't really want to do it, and you keep procrastinating. Maybe you have to write an English essay, maybe you have a test coming up, or a big presentation, or a job interview. Okay? It can be so many different things. Maybe you actually just hate cleaning the dishes, you hate washing the dishes and you have a sink filled with them. So these are things we can procrastinate about. For me, I have a big presentation in two weeks-oh no!-and I have to get started on it. So I've been procrastinating, so now I'm going to use some of these tips to fight procrastination. Okay? So, to get started with our fight against procrastination, I want you to look at this as three parts. We need to fight procrastination before we start our task or our activity. So, for example, if you're studying for a test, you need to start the fight before you start studying. We also need to fight procrastination while we're studying or, you know, working on our presentation or whatever, and there's things we can do after we finish our task. Okay? So there's three stages to this and we'll go over each one. So, before you start what you're procrastinating on, before you start the work you have to do, the difficult, scary work, there's a couple of things you can do so you don't feel so scared or, you know, so you're not so worried about what you have to do. First of all, this is probably one of the most important tips: You need to give yourself time to accomplish things. People always underestimate how long something takes. Okay? So a lot of people, they think: "Oh, I have a test. I'll study the night before. You know, it's okay, I'll learn everything. It doesn't take me a lot of time." You really do need time to learn. Learning takes time. Okay? It's actually better to do a little bit every day, than to do everything the night before, especially for learning a language, you learn more by doing a little bit every day than all at the same time. So give yourself time to finish what you need to do. No cramming, which means don't do everything right before it's due because you're going to have so much stress and you're not going to be able to do things as well. So give yourself time. Set up a schedule. Okay? So if you're studying, what days are you going to study on? How long will you study each day? Maybe you'll just do 20 minutes a day, maybe 30 minutes a day, maybe an hour a day, but it's good to set up a schedule. So Monday I do this much time, Tuesday this much, Wednesday this much, etc. Again, if you're learning a language or you have a test coming up, a little bit each day is the way to go. Okay? You remember a lot more by doing this. So plan for to do a little bit every day for tests. At night, the night before you start your task... So, for example, imagine I want to study on Monday - Sunday night what I'm going to do is I'm going to come up with a list and I'm going to think about: What do I need to do for Monday? Okay? The reason it's good to come up with a to-do list at night is right before bed if you make your to-do list while you're sleeping your brain is doing a lot of work, and your brain is actually going to start working on some of these things you need to get done and it's going to prepare you for it. So it's really, really good to make your to-do list the night before so your brain is ready to go the next day when you actually have to do the task. Okay? I actually found this one to be a very interesting tip because I never knew that, but when I started learning about procrastination I found that that can really help you with your procrastination. Another thing that's very important to do the night before is to decide: What time will you start and what time will you finish? A lot of people just decide on what time they will start at. "I'm going to start studying at 1pm." And then they have the whole day and there's no finish time, so you know what this does? It makes studying look terrible because it just seems like something that's just going to go on forever, and then that's why they get so distracted because you don't have a finish time. Okay? So you have no idea of when the pain of studying is going to finish. It's a lot better to decide a finish time, and once you finish, relax. Give yourself a break. You don't have to worry about what you were working on. Okay? So have a start time and a finish time. Now let's look at some more tips. Okay, so we just have a couple more things you can do before you start. Actually before you start I have the most tips because I think getting yourself ready and your brain in the right mindset can really help you stop procrastination. So my next tip is: Think about when will be a good time to work on what you need to do. For different people times can be different. Some people love doing things really late at night, some people like doing things in the morning.