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  • Hello. I'm Sammy

  • and this is part two of the connected speech series.

  • Connected speech is used when you're speaking quickly and casually

  • and it can help your American English sound more natural.

  • Today, we'll be discussing informal contractions.

  • Can you hear the differences between the formal and casual sentences below?

  • Formal

  • I'm going to eat cake.

  • Casual

  • I'm gonna eat cake.

  • Do you want to go?

  • Do you wanna go?

  • I have to do homework.

  • I hafta do homework.

  • In the following story, pay attention to the underlined words

  • and see if you can hear the informal contractions.

  • I wanna surprise my sister for her birthday.

  • So I've gotta buy her a present.

  • I'm gonna hafta go to the mall.

  • I coulda gotten her a dog, but she already has a cat.

  • I woulda bought her a car, but it's too expensive.

  • Instead, I am gonna make her a big birthday cake.

  • Phrases like "gonna," "wanna," "hafta" are called informal contractions.

  • They are often used in casual spoken American English

  • but not in written English.

  • They are formed by combining words to shorten them

  • from their original form.

  • Practicing these can help you sound more natural

  • and become better at understanding fast casual speech.

  • Here are some examples of informal contractions with "to."

  • "Going to" becomes "gonna."

  • "want to" "wanna"

  • "have to" "hafta"

  • "got to" "gotta"

  • "ought to" "oughtta"

  • There are also examples with modal verbs plus "have."

  • such as "should have" becoming "shoulda"

  • "would have" "woulda"

  • "could have" "coulda"

  • "might have" "mighta"

  • Let's practice.

  • In the following story, try to pronounce the underlined phrases

  • using informal contractions.

  • Press pause at each page to practice at your own pace.

  • I wanna surprise my sister for her birthday, so I've gotta buy her a present.

  • I'm gonna hafta go to the mall.

  • I coulda gotten her a dog, but she already has a cat.

  • I woulda bought her a car, but it's too expensive.

  • Instead, I'm gonna make her a big birthday cake.

  • Next time, we'll discuss linking

  • in part three of the connected speech series.

  • This is American English. Thanks for watching.

Hello. I'm Sammy

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B1 中級

非公式な契約 (Informal Contractions)

  • 79 8
    John に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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