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  • Life is full of decisions, making choices

  • is never easy and it can definitely help if

  • information is gathered about the options that you have, and presented in a

  • way that clarifies the important features

  • for consideration. One way of presenting the information that you have gathered

  • is to compare and contrast the options. While this could be done

  • orally through a presentation, it can also be done through writing

  • in what is known as a comparison and contrast essay.

  • Let's take a look at the complete process

  • of writing the comparison and contrast essay, from the very conception of the topic

  • consideration of the audience, research and organisation

  • to the final submission.

  • ... apple, banana ... Here's my assignment Mr Bramley.

  • Why are you looking so stressed?

  • Well my wife's parents are coming to Hong Kong and I don't know where to take them

  • Well there are lots of places you could go to.

  • What about Ocean Park or Disneyland? That's a good idea but I'd

  • rather not go to both.

  • Which do you think is best? Well, you would have to consider a lot of things

  • They're both theme parks and have similar attractions

  • but they are quite different in many ways. I see

  • Well I tell you what, why don't you write a paper on it

  • and put down those ideas, and then I can check your writing for you

  • give you some feedback ... The first thing to do

  • is to brainstorm the following. What features do they have in common?

  • Their similarities. What makes each place distinctive?

  • Their differences.

  • So, Peggy does some research on the two theme parks

  • It's important to do research, things change

  • and you must have latest, accurate, and verifiable information.

  • It's essential also to consider your audience;

  • don't state obvious things. Both places are theme parks,

  • but your audience are intelligent people, they know this information.

  • Don't include details

  • that might not be so important; for example

  • the year the parks opened might be historically relevant,

  • but not important for this audience. Also

  • wedding bookings, corporate events and season tickets

  • would not be relevant to guests visiting on a one-off trip

  • Peggy first looks

  • at the websites and starts to jot down some ideas.

  • Here are some of the things she notices:

  • rides and attractions

  • food and dining, unique aspects.

  • Using these three points,

  • Peggy then looks for good examples from each of the theme parks

  • to highlight the similarities and differences between them.

  • She creates a table and starts to add in

  • good examples from each park to illustrate the points.

  • She also makes a note of how the theme parks differ.

  • Having done some initial research,

  • she now needs to think about how to organise this piece of writing.

  • With the comparison and contrast text, you need to pay careful attention

  • to how you organise the body section. There are two

  • distinct ways of doing this. Peggy is not sure about this

  • so she pays a visit to Mr Bramley.

  • Sir, I've done some research and taken notes of what I consider to be the most

  • important points

  • of consideration for your inlaws. Could you give me some advice

  • on how to structure the body of this text?

  • Here is a visual representation

  • of what Mr Bramley goes on to explain. The first method of organising

  • the body

  • is by using the point by point method.

  • Here each of the three points that Peggy has decided to write about

  • has its own paragraph, and both Ocean Park and

  • Disneyland are discussed within each paragraph. As well as giving examples

  • of similar features you may want to highlight any significant differences.

  • The second method of organising the body

  • is called the block method.

  • Here, there are only two body paragraphs

  • each dealing with one topic; within each paragraph

  • more information about the three areas, rides and attractions,

  • food and dining, and unique aspects, is explored.

  • Does that make sense? Yes, and how do I know which method to choose?

  • Well as always you have to consider the nature of the writing

  • the audience, and the message you want to convey

  • Mr Bramley goes on to explain the merits of each type

  • The advantages of the point by point method are:

  • it allows for a greater focus on the points for consideration;

  • it does not require the reader to remember as much information;

  • it avoids requiring a lengthy summary in the conclusion.

  • The advantages of the block method are: it gives a richer picture;

  • of the two topics being discussed; it can make the writing feel less mechanical;

  • and it is more suitable for shorter essays.

  • Come in! Here you are sir, all done!

  • I hope you enjoy reading it and that

  • it will be useful for you and your inlaws

  • This is good. This is very good.

  • Thank you Peggy. This is exactly what I need.

  • So there you are. By following these simple steps, you can plan your writing

  • in such a way that the reader can clearly see the important areas of similarity

  • and difference between the two things you're describing.

  • In this way, you show that you have really thought about your options

  • which can help make decisions easier.

  • If you want to see Peggy's finished essay, click on the link at the end of this

  • video

  • You will also find links to explanations and exercises

  • that will help you with the language needed for comparison and contrast.

Life is full of decisions, making choices

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A2 初級

比較対照のエッセイ (Comparison and Contrast Essays)

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    English Asia に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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