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Hang on!
OK!
Let's talk about phrasal verbs!
Hello and welcome to my introduction to phrasal verbs
So you've got a verb and a preposition
that you recognise
but together they mean something different.
I'm going to explain how phrasal verbs are formed
the different types of phrasal verbs
and how they are used
and then I'll give you explanations of ten of the most common ones.
So, how do we form a phrasal verb?
Well, as I said before,
we add a preposition to a verb
for example: 'look', which is out verb
and then a preposition could be 'out'
I look out of the window
However, if I were to say
'look out, there's a car'
the meaning has changed, because we've changed
the situation and the context.
So in this case it would mean
'Be careful, there's a car!'
So I'm going to guide you
through four important hints
that will help you use phrasal verbs
more efficiently and more effectively.
It could also help your reading and listening skills
The first hint is that you can't always
understand phrasal verbs by looking at the individual words
A good example of this is 'turn on'.
'Turn', on it's own, means to rotate
But together with 'on'
it means to activate function.
I turn on the television.
Something completely different.
That's why in your reading and listening exams
You mustn't listen word by word
You have to try and understand the phrase as a whole.
So now on to hint two.
One phrasal verb can have multiple meanings.
We've got the same phrasal verb, 'take off'
here in two different situations
'Take off your jacket' means 'remove your jacket'
'The plane takes off soon' means 'the plane leaves soon'.
So, how can you know which of the meanings are being intended?
Well, the main way to do this is to look at the conext
and the situation around the phrasal verb.
So, here we've got a jacket
well I know jacket is clothing,
so it's probable that it's going to mean remove
I can see 'plane' here
it's probably going to be about something
going into the air.
So now for hint number three.
Some phrasal verbs are separable
With the phrasal verb 'to put on'
which means to start wearing something
we can use it in two ways.
I can say 'I put on my dress'
and I can also say 'I put my dress on'
This object here can go between the verb and the preposition.
The meaning doesn't change.
You must learn which phrasal verbs are separable
and which aren't
The example before with 'takes off'
this cannot be separated.
And finally, number four.
Sometimes you can make a normal verb
Sound more conversational or even childish
if you add a preposition.
For example: 'eat your dinner'
'eat up your dinner'
I would be more inclined to say 'eat up your dinner'
to a child.
The same goes for 'sit at the table'
and 'sit down at the table!'
The meaning doesn't change, it's just more conversational or childish.
OK, now we've explained how they're used
I'm going to give you ten really common and useful phrasal verbs
starting with 'to break up'
we have two meanings here
Tom and Jo have broken up
This means that they have stopped their relationship
(so sad!)
And then we also have 'school breaks up next week'
This means that school finishes for the holidays
Next we have 'carry on'
If you want to speak better English
you should carry on watching
Carry on means to continue
Then we have come on
Come on! If you don't hurry we'll miss the train.
In this case, come on means hurry.
The next one is 'find out'
I need to find out when the train leaves
I need to discover or become aware of when the train leaves
Then we have 'get on' or 'get along'
These mean the same
I get on very well with my flatmates.
I have a good relationship with my flatmates.
If I change well to badly, it means the opposite
Next we have 'grow up'
I grew up in a village near to London
This means that I spent my childhood or became an adult
in a village near to London
If you're behaving immaturely
Someone might say 'grow up'
This could mean you need to behave like an adult.
Next we have 'look after'
Can you look after my dog this week?
Can you care for my dog this week?
So, the next one is 'pick up'
Your phone is ringing, pick it up!
This means to answer it.
The next one, can you pick me up from work?
Can you collect me from work?
The we have 'to run out'
Oh no! All my phone battery has run out
It has become empty or finished.
And the final one, 'throw away'
This milk is too old, I need to throw it away.
I need to put it in the bin.
`That was just an introduction so there is a lot more to learn and many more phrasal verbs!
But I hope to do further explanations and other videos on phrasal verbs very very soon.
So if you liked the video and you want to see more
subscribe to my channel and also complete the quiz that I'm showing next.
many mo....mnfgdmngmngmngpfss
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PHRASAL VERBS! 4 Helpful Hints & 10 Useful Phrasal Verbs

305 タグ追加 保存
Justin Chan 2017 年 5 月 5 日 に公開
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