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動画の字幕をクリックしてすぐ単語の意味を調べられます!
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Hi.
I'm Rebecca from engVid.
In today's lesson you'll have a chance to learn 10 expressions that are used to describe
people at work.
Now, these are quite commonly used expressions by native English speakers, so if you work
in an English-speaking business environment, then it's quite likely that you will hear
some of these expressions.
Okay?
Let's get started.
So, I've kind of divided them up for you.
So, some of them are positive, some are negative, and some are neutral.
What do I mean by that?
It means: These people we are happy to meet, these people we are really not very happy
to meet, and these people we just...
Where it's okay, we're just using these expressions to describe them.
Okay?
We have no feelings, positive or negative.
Okay.
So let's look at the people we are happy to meet.
So, the first one is a "whiz kid".
What's a whiz kid?
A "whiz kid" is a term that we use to describe usually a young person who's quite brilliant,
very intelligent, very successful, very talented, and you know that he's on a path to a lot
of success.
So, often we talk about like a computer whiz kid, a young person who's got lots and lots
of talent.
You probably know people like that.
Okay?
So that's a whiz kid.
Next.
Next one is called an "eager beaver".
An "eager beaver" is kind of a very hardworking, enthusiastic person.
Maybe this person comes to work early and stays late, and they're always smiling and
they're happy to do their work.
That person is called an eager beaver.
Now, I put that as a positive.
Maybe some people don't like them, but generally speaking, people like them.
Okay.
The next one is an "angel investor".
What's an angel investor?
Well, if you have a startup company or a new company that you want to start, you would
love to meet an angel investor because this "business angel", as they're also known as,
is someone who's usually rich and they're like a sponsor and they
put money into your business.
They are ready to invest money into your ideas, into starting your company, and so on.
So these are called "angel investors".
So if you want to start a business, you're probably going to be very happy if you meet
one of these people.
Okay?
Next, let's move over here to the people that we're usually not very happy to meet at work.
The first one is called a "smart alec(k)".
Who's a smart aleck?
A "smart aleck" is somebody who thinks he or she knows everything.
Have you ever met such a person?
They are just so extra confident, and they tell you everything as if they know everything.
And usually people aren't very happy to meet those kind of people too much.
Okay?
And they called them "smart alecks".
Sometimes it's written: "alec" and sometimes "aleck", doesn't matter.
Usually we don't write this word.
We usually say it.
Okay? "Oh, he's a smart aleck.
He thinks he knows everything."
Okay?
That kind of thing.
Next one: "rotten apple".
So, what's a rotten apple?
If you can imagine a bag of apples and in the middle there's one that's not good.
"Rotten" means bad, spoiled.
So what will happen to all the other apples around that bad apple?
Well, after some time all of them will start to go bad a little faster.
Right?
So when we call someone a rotten apple, we're trying to suggest that this person has some
rather unpopular, not very honest, is kind of dishonest, he's bad, he's corrupt, and
he's also influencing people around him, his colleagues or workers to think or act in the
same way.
So this person is usually quite a troublemaker as far as the organization is concerned.
Okay?
So that's a rotten apple, a person who is kind of corrupt and has bad ideas, and is
also influencing people around him or her in a negative way.
Okay?
You might know some people like that.
Okay, what's a "fast talker"?
Well, it's not somebody who talks...
Speaks very fast, no.
When we say: "fast talker", we mean somebody who is very good at convincing people and
persuading people, but he's not always...
He or she is not always very honest or moral about it.
He doesn't really care...
This person doesn't really care if they're selling you something which is not good, or
which is actually bad.
They don't care.
They may lie, they may present it as very good.
They're very good at that, but they're not necessarily selling you something in your
interest.
It doesn't have to be a salesperson, but often we refer to salespeople like that because
sometimes they're trying to sell us something which is not good, although many salespeople
are selling us good things.
Okay.
So that's a fast talker.
Now let's come to some which are kind of neutral, they just describe different people.
All right?
The first one is: "head honcho".
So the word "head" gives you an idea.
The head honcho is like the main guy at the top of the company, a top executive, the person
in charge, and this person has a lot of authority, responsibility, and influence.
Okay?
"Head honcho", that's the name for that person.
Okay.
Next one, the "number cruncher".
Who's a number cruncher?
You probably have some people like that in your company.
You have to have, because "number crunchers" are people who work with numbers a lot,
finance people. Right?
They are number crunchers, and they're...
They don't just work with numbers, they're really good with numbers.
They know how to analyze numbers and understand numbers, and not everybody does, but they do.
So these guys are called number crunchers.
Okay.
Another one here: "pen pusher".
Sometimes also known as a "pencil pusher".
So, this is just a regular employee, maybe a clerk who has a rather boring job just filling
out forms, doing ordinary clerical administrative work.
Not very interesting, but of course it's necessary in organizations to have a lot of people who
are pen pushers.
So sometimes a pen pusher is also used to refer to someone who just has a boring job.
Okay?
All right.
And the last one we have here is: "whistle blower".
So, what's a whistle blower?
Well, I put it in the neutral column.
Some people think whistle blowers are very good, and some people think whistle blowers
are really bad.
It depends who you are and who's looking at the whistle blower, because a whistle blower
is a person on the inside of a company who becomes aware, he starts to know that there
is something illegal or improper or immoral or something wrong that the company is doing
or that is going on within the company, and then that person informs the police or the
authorities that such activity is going on inside the company.
So, he blows the whistle on these activities.
Okay?
Just like a referee will stop a game if something is wrong.
Okay?
So that person is a whistle blower.
Now, I know we did a lot of them, but let's see if you remember some of them.
So, what's a rotten apple?
What's a rotten apple?
Is it something good?
No, we know that.
So this is someone who influences people around them in a bad way.
Okay?
If you have a business, if you have a new business, who would you be very happy to meet,
especially if you need money to start your business, to launch your business?
That would be an angel investor.
Okay?
Good.
Now, if you need to understand some statements and analyze numbers, who are you going to
go to in your company?
Probably a number cruncher.
Right, really good.
Who's that very smart, young person who just joined the company, he's so brilliant, everybody's
talking about him, he's so talented?
That's the whiz kid.
Okay?
Good.
What about somebody who's trying to sell you something and he doesn't care if it's actually
true or not, and he's really good at convincing people?
Who's that?
That's the fast talker.
Okay?
Who's the person who informs the police that something improper is happening within the company?
Who's that?
That's a whistle blower.
Which poor person has a really kind of boring job, filling out forms, doing very routine,
clerical work?
That is a
pen pusher or a pencil pusher.
What's the name of the top guy in the company who has...?
Or woman who has...?
Sometimes in English when we say "guy" it actually refers to a man or woman.
Okay?
So men or women.
Who's the top person in a company that has a lot of authority and influence?
This is the
head honcho.
Okay.
So, now, the important thing is we've gone through it once.
I...
Maybe you're taking notes.
But what you can do is if you go to our website, www.engvid.com, you can do two things there.
First you can do a quiz on this.
Okay?
So that will help you, right? To practice and get a little bit better.
And the second thing is that I have written for you a resource where all the meanings
of these are given, and there are many, many more, there's probably around 50 such terms
that are used in business which you can download for free from our resource section.
Okay?
That way you can learn these and also practice a lot more expressions like that.
Okay?
Thanks for watching.
Good luck with your English.
コツ:単語をクリックしてすぐ意味を調べられます!

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Learn 10 English Idioms about People at Work

26003 タグ追加 保存
ryan 2017 年 4 月 27 日 に公開
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