字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント We begin the day with what is looking more and more like the final fall of Aleppo. The regime of Bashar al-Assad, Russia, Iran, and they're affiliated militia are the ones responsible for what the UN called a complete meltdown of humanity. The battle for Aleppo is over "Are you truly incapable of shame is there literally nothing that can shame you?" Aleppo has fallen. The city, formerly the most populous place in Syria, was the site of a major battle between Bashar al Assad government and rebel forces. The rebels control the eastern half of the city and Assad the West. The story of Syria's Civil War is a story of flip-flops. Early on it looked like the Assad regime was finished, intervention by Iran and support by Russia help prop them up. Then the rebels backed by Saudi Arabia and Qatar and several other sides turned the tides and this happened a number of different times inside the conflict. September 2015 was a turning point in the Syrian civil war. That's when Russia intervened directly for the first time. Russian airstrikes began pounding rebels under the cover of hitting ISIS. Russian airstrikes played a decisive role in allowing Assad to encircle Aleppo. The bombardment made it very difficult for rebels to operate freely allowing Assad to move towards Aleppo and eventually encircle the city. A siege is a military tactic where forces on one side surround the other side, including any civilians trapped in there and deny supplies from entering the city. There is a grim logic to imposing a siege on Aleppo. If you deny the rebels' food and medicine eventually they lose the physical and mental capability to fight. Assad's vicious siege worked as intended. The rebels collapsed allowing Assad forces with Iranian and Russian backing to stream into eastern Aleppo. Almost immediately reports of massacres started filtering out of civilians being killed on the streets of women committing suicide to avoid being raped by Assad's forces. It's hard to know how many were killed in this initial purge. We do know shortly after the siege was broken an evacuation agreement was struck allowing again an unknown number of civilians to escape into other territory mostly to the city of Idlib, still in rebel hands. The United States had the military power to break the siege of Aleppo and prevent the city from falling but doing so would have been extremely dangerous. For one thing the United States would have needed to have coordinated with rebels on the ground, some of whom were extremists. For another it would mean that American planes would have been flying in hostile airspace with Russian planes. If the United States were to engage Russian planes that would mean a direct exchange of fire between two nuclear-armed powers a risk that very few in Washington were willing to take. Third, even if the US had temporarily broken the siege of Aleppo and prevented it from falling it would have required a tremendous an open-ended commitment to prevent Assad from simply reimposing the siege after Americans left. Whether or not you think an American intervention would have been worth the risks there's no way to save Aleppo now. The city has fallen and Assad's troops have gone and committed untold atrocities with who knows how many more left to go. The rebels have been dealt a devastating blow one it's not clear they can recover from. This victory for Assad has been achieved with the support of two major international powers Russia and Iran and it has involved atrocities that are supposed to be prevented under international law. They fought horrifically and they won that's the lesson of Aleppo.