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  • Welcome to this online video tutorial

  • brought to you by HELPS. It's designed to assist you

  • in understanding the importance and techniques of paraphrasing skills

  • that can be applied to your academic writing.

  • A great deal of the work you produce at

  • University will involve the important ideas,

  • writings and discoveries of experts in your field of study.

  • The work of other writers can provide you with information

  • evidence and ideas but must be incorporated

  • into your work carefully. This can be done

  • through quoting, summarising and paraphrasing.

  • They're all different ways of including the works of

  • others in your assignments.

  • Your lecturers expect you

  • to demonstrate an understanding of the major ideas or concepts in the

  • discipline.

  • Paraphrasing is one technique that enables you

  • to develop and demonstrate your understanding

  • and interpretation of a text as well as to avoid

  • plagiarism. It's an important tool

  • for reshaping information to suit the many writing tasks

  • that will be required of you at university.

  • Paraphrasing is a way of presenting a text,

  • retaining the original meaning, but using your own way of expressing it

  • with different words and phrasing from the original.

  • We generally use paraphrasing with short sections of

  • text, such as phrases and sentences.

  • Paraphrasing offers an alternative to using direct quotations

  • and helps students to integrate evidence and source material

  • into assignments in a similar style to the student's

  • own writing.

  • Before paraphrasing, ensure you read the source carefully.

  • Make sure you understand it fully. Then identify the main points and keywords,

  • using bullet points to help you. Cover the original text

  • and rewrite it in your own words, changing the vocabulary

  • and sentence structure. Check that you have included the main points

  • and essential information based on your notes.

  • Don't forget you also need to cite the original

  • using references. Here are some points to consider when paraphrasing:

  • Write the paraphrase in your own style

  • Ensure you keep the original meaning

  • and maintain the same relationship between main ideas

  • and supporting points.

  • Use synonyms where appropriate. Key words that are specialised subject vocabulary

  • do not need to be changed. You do, however, need to change the grammar and sentence

  • structure.

  • Break up a long sentence into two shorter ones

  • or combine two short sentences into one. Change the voice

  • or change the word form. You also need to change the

  • order in which information or ideas are presented.

  • Try to identify the attitude of the authors to their subject

  • and make sure your paraphrase reflects this.

  • Finally remember to use appropriate

  • reporting verbs to show the attitudinal beliefs

  • of the original author. Let's take a look at a real-life example.

  • The extract on your screen is about the role of the English language globally.

  • One student read the original text on your left

  • and wanted to use the author's ideas in their assignment.

  • The extract that you see on your right is what the student actually wrote

  • in their essay. If you pause this video to compare the texts,

  • you'll see that the student has indeed maintained the original meaning.

  • They've also modified the word order and most

  • of the vocabulary. They have also

  • provided reference details. This could then be considered

  • an acceptable paraphrase. For more details on avoiding plagiarism,

  • go to this link and complete the quiz.

  • The paraphrasing skills that you develop at

  • university will support you now and in your future professional lives.

  • It's a skill that will help you to write clearer

  • and more efficient prose and to become a better communicator.

  • If you need help with your

  • academic studies or assistance at any stage of completing your assignments,

  • you can access the services at the HELPS unit

  • at UTS. For details on our location,

  • operating hours, services and programmes,

  • including a wealth of self-help resources, visit us

  • in person or online. We're at your service!

  • Thanks for watching

  • and

  • thanks for listening.

Welcome to this online video tutorial

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B1 中級

"言い換えの技術" デイビッド・ソティール著 (“Paraphrasing Skills” by David Sotir)

  • 71 6
    Emily に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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