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  • The Romantic Period; 1780 to 1850; by Rachael Phillips

  • There are several social and political events that helped establish the Romantic period.

  • Historians often refer to this era asthe Age of Revolution

  • because there were many areas of the world fighting for independence at that time.

  • In America, the British colonies split from England and fought in the American Revolution from 1775-1783.

  • This spurred the French Revolution, which was fought for ten years, 1789-1799.

  • In addition, Napoleon, who became emperor in 1804,

  • dominated Europe and led the Napoleonic Wars from 1803-1815.

  • These wars created social and political turmoil.

  • The middle class of many countries often felt lost and ignored; they fought for a better, more equal, world.

  • In addition, the Romantic Period was a response against the Age of Enlightenment.

  • The Age of Enlightenment promoted logic and reason; but the Romantic Period was exactly the opposite.

  • It was also a response to the growing idea of political radicalism.

  • The middle class revolted against aristocratic ideals, especially in France.

  • In Britain, there was a movement known as British Radicalism in which the middle class pushed for universal suffrage.

  • The radicals believed Parliament should represent the entire population, not just the wealthy landowners.

  • Ultimately, the Romantic Period was a response to the revolutionary spirit and growth of nationalism.

  • The Romantic Period was also a response to the Industrial Revolution, which took place from 1815-1843.

  • This was a time of rapid economic growth due to technological innovations and the agricultural revolution.

  • New technology produced the factory system, which created new jobs and employed more people.

  • The agricultural revolution led to the production of more food, allowing countries to support a growing population.

  • The largest growth in numbers was seen in the working class.

  • Literary works from the Romantic Period tended to focus on the mind and heart.

  • The works were often sublime and invoked great emotion.

  • The goal of each work was to make the reader rethinknormal,” and they were used as a way to escape average life.

  • In addition, these works tended to glorify human reason by retelling folklore.

  • Many of the literary works, and especially poetry, featured detailed nature scenes.

  • During this time period, the literary works often had a more spiritual element

  • There was an increase in prophetic texts, especially in works concerning Judeo-Christian thoughts and beliefs.

  • An increasingly popular aspect of religion during this time period was pantheism,

  • that is, the belief that God can be found in everything. There was also a dominant belief in afterlife.

  • It was not uncommon for people to wonder if the world was ending,

  • based on the increased conflict present in the world at that time.

  • This idea largely stemmed from the apocalyptic prophecies in Hebrew and Christian scriptures.

  • In the end, both the authors and the readers simply wanted to break free of their

  • strict religious traditions so that they may explore more of the world.

  • Finally, the Romantic Period represented a cultural return to the Middle Ages.

  • This could be seen especially by the presence of the guillotine in France.

  • It also represented a return to the belief of God in nature.

  • People believed God was in the rain, helping farmers grow extra produce.

  • People also believed God was in the flowers, granting little pieces of joy to the working class as they went through their tedious lives.

  • Finally, the Romantic Period placed a greater importance on the individual rather than society

  • because they believed society was made up of thousands of unique individuals, each with their own talents and gifts.

  • Because of this, people often sought stories from the past that featured traditional customs.

  • This movement started as a revolt against a changing world.

  • It is also important to know that literary works written during the Romantic Period often had an inner-outer relationship.

  • This means that works focused on the development of the inner self while exploring the outdoors.

  • In this way, Romantic Period authors could separate their works from everyday society.

  • Because a majority of the works from this time period were set outdoors,

  • the innerself of the characters in the literary works were often touched by nature’s spirit.

  • Also, it is important to note that literary works created during the Romantic period are not necessarily about love.

  • This time period does not exclude love, but it is not limited to love either.

  • Finally, the Romantic Period has had a lasting effect on the world of literature, and it still influences us today

  • such as through the love of nature and children, our reflections on the past, and the value our society places on nature and innocence.

  • The most popular genre of the Romantic Period was poetry, but not all literary works created during this time period were poems.

  • Other common forms of literature include political pamphlets, such as those written by Thomas Paine, reviews, dramas, and novels.

  • There was also a wide range of style prevalent during the Romantic Period.

  • One branch of the romantic literature was Gothic romanticism, which detailed a darker side of humanity.

  • Both Poe and Hawthorne were critical to the success of Gothic romanticism.

  • In addition, authors such as Harriet Beecher Stowe, Frederick Douglass, and Margaret Fuller

  • were important to the success of abolitionist and feminist romantic period works.

  • If there is one thing to remember about the Romantic Period, it is this:

  • all Romantic Period texts had one common characteristic-

  • they value something unattainable or lost, and try to create an alternate reality that challenges or transforms everyday life.

  • Examples of Romantic Period authors include William Blake, Ralph Waldo Emerson,

  • Margaret Fuller, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Thomas Paine, Henry David Thoreau, and William Wordsworth.

  • The Lambby William Blake, is a great example of a Romantic Period literary work.

  • This poem is from the perspective of a young, innocent child.

  • In his discussion with the lamb, he explores the foundation of his religion.

  • This piece represents the Romantic Period because it features nature (the lamb and the pasture), focuses on the boy’s mind and heart,

  • focuses on the boy’s mind and heart, and is largely based on Judeo-Christian texts that name Jesus as both the child of God and a lamb.

  • The Complaint of a Forsaken Indian Womanby William Wordsworth also represents the Romantic Period.

  • Nature plays a large part in this poem. In this excerpt, Wordsworth mentions the stars and the sky.

  • This poem also mentions the search for clothes, for food, and for warmth, all comforts of living.

  • This reflects the working class’s daily struggles.

  • Finally, the speaker in the poem saysAlone I cannot fear to die.”

  • First, the word alone signifies the importance of self in this poem rather than society.

  • Second, the speaker does not fear death because of her belief in the afterlife,

  • where she believes life will be better than her current situation.

The Romantic Period; 1780 to 1850; by Rachael Phillips


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B1 中級

ロマン派の時代 1780-1850 (The Romantic Period 1780-1850)

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    cindylin に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日