A2 初級 1946 タグ追加 保存
hello and welcome back to english with Lucy
today I've got a grammar video for you
I know it's been a while since I did a grammar video
but a lot of you have asked for a video on modal verbs so here
it is today I'm going to introduce you
to modal verbs i'm going to tell you the
rules how to use them when to use them
do note that there are a lot of
different situations in which you need to use different modal verbs
and it would be impossible for me to go through them all
so this is an introduction and
hopefully you will leave the lesson
feeling a lot more comfortable when using modal verbs
let's get started
so firstly what are modal verbs well
they are part of a larger category called auxiliary verbs
and these are verbs that add meaning to another verb
now modal verbs are special because they follow a
strict set of rules and they are used in a very specific way
I'm going to talk about the nine modal verbs today don't
get them confused with the semi models
that only follow some of the modal verb rules
now if I ask you right now to tell
me the nine modal verbs
would you be able to tell me them
if you can that's great but for those who can't
I've got a really easy way of
remembering them we've got 3 m's 2 w's
two c's and two s' so when you
write them out in a pattern it's much
much easier to remember them all
so we've got the 3 m's we've got must
might and may we've then got the 2 w's will
and would we then got the 2 c's can and
could and then the two S's shall and
should remember will and would are
special in spoken and informal language
they can be contracted so will can turn
into ' Double L i will i'll and would
can turn into apostrophe D so we have
she would she'd
now the majority of these modal verbs express different
meaning depending on the context
so you really have to
understand the sentence or question as a whole
I'm going to help you with this today later
on in the video we can talk about the
different meanings that each modal verb
can express but firstly we need to go through the rules
what can you do with them what can't you
do with them without these rules you're
going to find it very difficult to use them
but the good news is that all of
these rules apply to the nine modal
verbs that we're looking at in this lesson
so rule number one
infinitives come after modal verbs but without to
ok so we're saying i might eat pizza
I can play football rule number 2
modal verbs take no s in the third person singular
she must leave or it might happen
rule number three modal verbs do not
change their form according to tense
so they've got no past form and they've got
no future form it just stays the same
so the easy way of remembering it is modal
verbs don't change they stay exactly as they are
so rule number four we use
modal verbs in negative sentences like
we do with other auxiliary verbs ie without the word do
so the way we use modal verbs in negative sentences is
subject modal verb not verb
let's look at some examples
you must not eat my food
you must not eat my food or
i can not speak French
I cannot speak French
so it's always in that order
just like we would with other auxiliary verbs
now remember you must learn the
contractions for the negatives which are
used quite frequently in spoken or informal language
might might not mightn't
must must not mustn't
may may not no contraction
can cannot can't could could not
couldn't will will not won't would
would not wouldn't shall shall not shan't
should should not shouldn't
ok so those were the negative contractions
number five
easy now we've looked at number four
with interrogative phrases modal verbs
are used like other auxiliary verbs
modal verb subject verb some examples
can you help me
can you help me will you let him
will you let him so those were the rules
now let's have a look at the individual
modal verbs and how and when we can use them
so firstly let's look at might
might can be used to show possibility
they might be eating lunch or
she might give us a discount then we have may
may can also be used to show possibility
the teacher may be late today
and it can also be used to ask for permission
may I leave now note that using may to ask for permission
can be seen as quite formal
then we have must must can be used to
show probability or to make a logical assumption
she must be stuck in traffic
must can also be used to show necessity
I must go home right now and it can also be used
to show prohibition you must not smoke here
then we have will will can be used
to indicate future time i will leave at seven o'clock
it can also be used to make a promise or
to show willingness i will give money to charity this Christmas
it can also be used to ask a polite question
will you help me with this for example
then we have would
again would can be used to ask a polite question
would you help me with this
it can also be used for invitations or
preferences or desires
i would like a cup of tea or would you prefer apples or oranges
then we have can can can be used
to show ability i can speak English
it can also be used to suggest a
possibility or give an option
for example you can call him tomorrow
it could also be used to show impossibility
that can't be her and it can also be used for a request
can you help me
could on the other hand can show past ability
i could do trigonometry five years ago
it can also be used to ask a polite question
could i call you
it can also be used to show possibility and impossibility
she could be here or she couldn't be here
and it can also be used to make a suggestion
you could try doing this
then we have should should is used to recommend
you should try this new bar
it can also be used to say what is correct
or right for example we should deal with this right now
it can also be used for an uncertain prediction
he should be home soon but i'm not sure
shall shall can be used to make an offer
shall i help you with that
it can also be used for confirmation
I shall meet you there at midnight
it can also be used for promises
you shall be the first person to know
ok so that was my very condensed video on modal verbs
so what can you do next
well firstly your homework is to comment below with
three sentences using modal verbs
I want one in affirmative one in the negative
and one in the interrogative
and up until midnight i will correct as many as
possible and then i would like you guys
to correct each other
don't forget to connect with me on all of my social media
remember I now upload lessons on mondays
wednesdays and saturdays so i will see
you for another lesson very very soon mwah



1946 タグ追加 保存
Ling-tzu Chen 2016 年 12 月 3 日 に公開
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