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  • We're exploring three books in the Bible known as the wisdom literature

  • Proverbs, Ecclesiastes and Job

  • and they're all asking the question what does it mean to live well in this world

  • So we looked at proverbs who you could think of as a bright young teacher

  • She's all about pursuing wisdom an attribute of God that's woven into reality

  • and she's optimistic that if you use wisdom you will build a successful life

  • but then we come to Ecclesiastes who's more like the sharp middle-aged critic and he says

  • You think using wisdom will bring you success

  • You'd better think again because life here under the sun is meaningless

  • and that's a phrase you use a lot in this book

  • but to understand this book we have to realize first that we're hearing two voices

  • So first there's the teacher and we've been calling him the critic

  • He's the main voice in the book

  • but he is introduced to us by another figure the author

  • and he's the one who's collected the critics words

  • and then at the end of the book summarizes everything and gets the final word

  • So why does the author wants to hear from the critic?

  • He wants to turn your view of the world upside down

  • and he's gonna let the critic explore three really disturbing things about the world

  • and we should warn you these are pretty intense

  • Yeah! So the first is the march of time

  • whereas the critic says

  • Generations come and generations go

  • but the earth it's been here long before us and we'll be long after

  • No one remembers people from long ago and all the people yet to come

  • They too will be forgotten by those who come after them

  • and so on a cosmic scale, you and I, we are just ibilik

  • stars are born and then they die and form planets with orbit new stars

  • and those planets they change over time and eventually burnt up

  • And admits this cosmic backdrop, my entire existence is like a blink in time

  • which leads to the critic's second disturbing observation

  • that we are all going to die

  • Humans face the same fate as the animals

  • Death, all people, the righteous and the wicked

  • The good and the bad

  • Those who offer sacrifices to God and those who do not

  • They all share the same destiny

  • all this activity and madness then we all join the dead

  • Man! This book is depressing

  • and so is the final disturbing thing for the critic

  • and that is life's random nature

  • So in Proverbs, life isn't random

  • There's a clear cause-and-effect relationship between doing the right thing and being rewarded

  • But the fact is that life doesn't always work that way

  • The critic has observed a glitch in the system

  • He calls it, Chance, or in his words

  • The race doesn't always go to the Swift

  • nor the battle to the strong

  • nor does food always come to the wise

  • or wealth to the brilliant

  • or favor to the educated

  • time and chance happen to them all

  • So his point is that you can't really control anything in life

  • It's just way too unpredictable

  • so if i want to master life

  • then you're setting yourself up for a fall

  • Now throughout the book, the Critic uses a metaphor to tie together all of these disturbing ideas

  • Nearly 40 times he says that everything in life is "Hevel"

  • it's a Hebrew word that means smoke or vapor

  • Like smoke, life is beautiful and mysterious

  • It takes one shape and before you know it

  • It takes a new shape

  • and smoke look solid but try and grab it it will slip right through your fingers

  • and when you're stuck in the thick of it like fog, it's impossible to see clearly

  • Now our modern translations have lost the metaphor

  • and they usually translate "Hevel" as meaningless

  • but if you read closely the critic isn't saying that life has no meaning

  • but rather that its meaning is never clear

  • Like smoke, life is confusing

  • It's disorienting and uncontrollable

  • So what are we supposed to do with all of this?

  • Well! Surprisingly, the critic first of all acknowledges the perspective of Proverbs

  • He says it's a really good idea to learn wisdom and to live in the fear of the Lord

  • Really?! I mean he just said that doesn't guarantee success

  • but he knows it's the right thing to do

  • but secondly and more often he says that since you can't control your life

  • You should stop trying

  • Learn to hold things with an open hand because you really only have control over one thing

  • and that's your attitude towards the present moment

  • Stop worrying he says and choose to enjoy a good conversation with a friend

  • or the Sun on your face

  • or a good meal with people that you care about

  • The simple things in life

  • Yes and both the good things and the bad because both are rich gifts from God

  • and that's the surprising wisdom of ecclesiasticus

  • Listening to the critic is painful

  • and can lead you into some dark places

  • and that's why the author speaks up at the end of the book

  • He doesn't want you to lose hope

  • He wants to make you humble

  • Into someone who trusts that life has meaning even when you can't make sense of it

  • that one day God will clear the Hevel and bring his justice on all that we've done

  • and so he tells us that the proper response to all of this is to fear the lord

  • and keep his Commandments

  • and that's the book of Ecclesiastes

  • Now there's one more voice in the Bible's wisdom literature

  • and that's the book of Job

  • and he will bring us the final much-needed perspective on our journey into wisdom

  • Hey! Thanks for watching this video

  • We make a lot more videos like this one here on our youtube channel

  • so check them out

  • We believe the Bible is a unified story that leads to Jesus

  • and has wisdom to offer the modern world

  • so we're making videos that explore all the books of the Bible

  • Their main ideas and their unique design

  • We're also making videos about key themes that run through hole biblical story

  • there's a lot more videos and series planned

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We're exploring three books in the Bible known as the wisdom literature

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A2 初級

伝道者の書 (The Book of Ecclesiastes)

  • 116 10
    sophia に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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