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You might be wondering why everybody’s talking about Linux. What is it?
There are two answers to this question. The first is the correct answer, and that is:
Linux is the core of an operating system. It’s the essential software components which
coordinate hardware, software, and user interaction. We call this the KERNEL.
The second answer is a bit more vague: when some people say “Linux” what they are
talking about are Linux-based operating systems… or, in other words, operating systems built
around the Linux KERNEL.
So what is a Linux-based operating system? We usually call them Linux distributions (or
distros for short).
A typical Linux distro consists of the following:
The Linux Kernel The core of the Operating System, this includes
most drivers, though not all GNU tools and libraries
Command line utilities that allow for quick, easy usage and management of the system
The Package Manager The way the operating system manages software
installation, updating, and removal Documentation
Text documents which explain how software works and each application’s various features
Usually a Desktop Environment Which is software that enables you to use
your computer with a mouse and generates a graphical interface
And finally, User Applications Things like word processors, web browsers,
and everything else
There are many different Linux distributions out there. You might’ve heard of Ubuntu,
Fedora, SteamOS, Arch, and others.
Why are there so many Linux Distributions? Well, that’s a great question. The simplest
answer is that, because both the Linux kernel and most Linux software is free, anyone can
make their own Linux distro to suit their tastes.
And that’s really what it boils down to: the Linux ecosystem is ALL about choice. You
get to choose how you want your computer to behave. You get to choose what software comes
pre-installed. You get to choose how your desktop looks and which key-combinations do
Linux is up to you.
With great choice comes great responsibility--but only if you want it
There are a ton of options out there for those who are uninitiated. Ubuntu and Linux Mint
come to mind. These distros are designed for a comfortable end user experience; foregoing
the complicated initial setup that prove too high a hurdle for the average user.
But the advantages of Linux, even Linux with proverbial training wheels, is enormous.
Linux is free Both in terms of cost, and in terms of freedom,
you can do whatever you need to do without asking the gatekeepers permission.
Linux is stable Blue Screens of Death don't happen in a Linux
environment. There are no registry errors, and things just seem to work without complaint.
Linux is secure Within the Linux world, it’s pretty hard
to find yourself victim of viruses or other malware.
Linux is versatile Ever wonder what OS your cable or satellite
box is running? Linux. How about your phone? Many old and new phones are powered by Linux.
How about fancy cars… or even fancier refrigerators? You guess it. Linux.
Linux is cool The Raspberry Pi runs Linux. And so does this
rad PC-powered arcade cabinet. Valve’s new gaming-specific operating system: Linux. I’d
call that a checkmate.
Over the next couple months, I’ll be creating a series of videos aimed at explaining Linux;
basic concepts like the terminal, the filesystem, and the difference between native and non-native
games. If you’ve got an idea for one of these videos, you can share it down in the
comments or tweet it to me @TheLinuxGamer. And if you like what you just watched, you
can share this with your friends.
While you’re here you can check out some of my other videos, and don’t forget to
subscribe for more videos like this from me, The Linux Gamer. Thanks for watching!


What Is Linux? | The Linux Gamer

375 タグ追加 保存
Mn Whoops 2016 年 9 月 17 日 に公開
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