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  • Beowulf has suggested that he will rid the mead hall of this

  • Grendel, and immediately steps up

  • Unferth, the unfriendly one, and he challenges Beowulf,

  • he says oh you're that Beowulf, that purports to do all these great deeds, I have

  • heard of you,

  • and he says you are not that great a man, I hear that you lost at a

  • swimming match with a man named Brecca and that you will lose at this too,

  • you like everybody else will die under the hand of Grendel. The role that Unferth

  • plays is a traditional role in the courts of the Norse

  • court, the court role of the thyle or the thul,

  • the thul was a courtier who normally sat at the right hand of the King

  • and he challenged the claim of anybody in court

  • who made a public claim, if you made a public claim in court you had to be able to back it up

  • and show manly prowess, and courage in backing it up and the role of the

  • the thyle was to challenge you and to

  • force you to defend your position. So on the one hand

  • Unferth plays that role of the thyle, challenging Beowulf,

  • forcing him to show himself to be a true warrior, but notice also

  • that it is not just a question of him being the thyle,

  • not just a question of him being what's called the devil's advocate in

  • the Catholic Church,

  • he is also there to stir up trouble the text

  • says. He starts an argument and he's very rude

  • to Beowulf and so here Beowulf is again faced with the challenge similar

  • to what he faces when he

  • confronts the watcher on the cliff, either

  • he says to Unferth

  • you're wrong and is rude to him

  • and therefore he can t-off the whole of the

  • court there, the Danish Court, or he buckles and says oh you're right I'm

  • going to die

  • just like everybody else. I think one could also look at it that Unferth

  • is a man who is infected also with this Grendel

  • effect, this Grendel disease, in the same way that the

  • watchman was infected by it so he is automatically paranoid

  • and challenging and a little bit hostile, so too is Unferth.

  • Unferth has seen people die, he has seen the Grendel attack for years now at the court

  • and no one can stop Grendel. Unferth

  • can't stop Grendel, I mean Unferth is a warrior as well,

  • why can't he stop Grendel? He seems to have resigned himself

  • to the misery and the awfulness that Grendel poses,

  • and yet he hasn't left the court notice that he is still at the court, and he's still at

  • the feet

  • of Hrothgar and consequently

  • he is almost like a leech himself,

  • taking advantage of the situation that's at hand

  • and making the most of it. So he is not entirely

  • noble of purpose, the way that a thyle might be

  • in one of the Norse courts. Well, Beowulf has to handle this very

  • carefully and he says yes I lost swimming

  • with Becca, Brecca beat me at the swimming match, but

  • I fought hundreds of creatures and demons in the water,

  • I swam in full armor, I was able to make it to the far side

  • of the Norwegian coast, and when I got up I fought a battle,

  • and so he says even though I lost, I still did a great deed, this is a tremendous deed.

  • So that he challenges back to Unferth

  • and he is able to take the accusation a being a loser

  • and turn it on its head, and thus defeats Unferth's challenge

  • openly in court and everybody cheers and they all say oh this is a man

  • to defeat Grendel he's quite the warrior. And then Wealtheow comes around, Wealtheow

  • is the wife of

  • Hrothgar and she exhibits generosity and courteousness and

  • good grace. She is the, in some ways the epitome of what a queen

  • should be and she even puts under the care of

  • Beowulf her own children, saying

  • protect them, such a man as you should protect them

  • and consequently she shows this generosity of spirit

  • like what we saw earlier with Scyld Scefing, she

  • shows a graciousness and a nobility

  • which I think is the poet's idea of the paragon of

  • what a woman ought to be. Beowulf then, having

  • defeated Unferth is ready to be able to meet the real challenge

  • of the troll, which at night he will be facing. We will see that in the next section.

Beowulf has suggested that he will rid the mead hall of this

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B1 中級

ベオウルフ 第1部 解析動画4 (Beowulf Part 1 Analysis Video 4)

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    Chia-Yin Huang に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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