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  • Now after the defeat of Grendel comes

  • a great deal of rejoicing, of course the fact that they've defeated this tremendous

  • troll, this tremendous monster, that's been plaguing the hall for so long,

  • but then Hrothgar tells these stories, one of Sigemund and one

  • of Heremod, and they're stories that are in some ways to

  • show to everybody else what a good king ought to be,

  • they're stories that would have been popular at the time of the scop, of the poet, who writes Beowulf

  • and he's

  • taking these story and incorporating them into his poem. Nevertheless, the way

  • they're used here is very

  • skillful because what Hrothgar is suggesting is that

  • Sigemund and Heremod give the positive and negative ways to be a king.

  • Sigemund defeats a dragon, stands up to a dragon, is able to defeat this tremendous dragon,

  • shows

  • tremendous courage, great, great strength

  • in the face of almost certain defeat. And Heremod on the other hand who has given

  • all these gifts,

  • it says that he takes them for granted, he begins to take for granted all those

  • things that have been given to him,

  • and Hrothgar points out that taking things for granted is the path to destruction,

  • it's the path to

  • a person being annihilated, because as he says

  • once you start taking things for granted, then you think more is due to you

  • and you don't appreciate what's given to you anymore

  • and you move from being generous or gracious,

  • to being covetous and clinging.

  • And as I said earlier those two routes,

  • in the mind of the Norse, are the distinguishing marks between the good

  • king or the hero,

  • and the evil king or the dragon or the troll.

  • The good king or the hero is somebody who is gracious, as we saw

  • very early in the book, at the very beginning of the story. Scyld

  • Scefing is a

  • character who is very generous and gracious, but

  • the other route which is the clinging and the

  • selfishness, is the route that leads to a dragonish life.

  • A man doesn't have to be looking like a dragon to be a dragon.

  • In this story for instance, Heremod ends up killing his neighbors, killing

  • his friends, killing even his family, which is a terrible thing in Norse mythology,

  • he kills his own family members and he does so because he's covetous, he

  • becomes a troll like character, a dragon like character.

  • And Hrothgar is suggesting to Beowulf, don't be this way,

  • cherish what you have, be gracious, maintain that strength

  • that you showed when defeating Grendel. After he has told these tales,

  • Hrothgar goes then to give gifts to Beowulf,

  • to adopt him almost like his own son and we will see that in the next section.

Now after the defeat of Grendel comes


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B1 中級

ベオウルフ 第1部 解析動画6 (Beowulf Part 1 Analysis Video 6)

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    Chia-Yin Huang に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日